Train Stamps : Turkey: 1930 Sivas Railway: Surcharge Varieties

Turkey Ankara Railway Station Gare Bahnhof -> to -> Turkey Sivas Rialway Station Gare Bahnhof

Introduction:
At the time of writing, April 2020, a new high-speed line between Ankara and Sivas is under construction. The original route, opened in 1930, involves a circuitous routing via Kayseri with long journey times which make rail travel between these two cities unappealing in today's more time-conscious (and comfort-conscious) world.

The August 1930 set to commemorate the opening of the original Ankara-Sivas Railway was produced by surcharging all 22 values of the April 1930 definitive set. All but one of the surcharges lowered the face value. The printing of the Sivas Railway set generated a remarkable range of surcharge errors and varieties, perhaps in part because the alphabet reforms introduced by Kemal Atatürk were still relatively new to the typesetter. However, highly significant errors which would normally be considered essential for inclusion in standard listings were just casually footnoted or totally ignored by most of the major catalogues. Only Michel assigns catalogue numbers to any of the varieties and these are only priced as 'sets' of varieties, not a commonplace offering. These Michel catalogue numbers for varieties are given in the article.

Some varieties are found on all 22 values, others on certain design types only, still others only on one or two values. The set is comprised of five different designs, four of which are vertical, and these have similar, though not always identical, settings of the surcharge. The fifth design (a train on a bridge) is horizontal and the setting is different in several respects. Whilst we have listed many of the known varieties, we have excluded some of the very smallest. It should be noted that the major varieties were quickly recognized and collected at the time, whilst some of the less striking varieties were overlooked and are now considerably harder to find, even though they may not be as widely collected.
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The Regular Set of 22 values :
We first list the whole set and include there the error of value and the non-typesetting varieties, such as misplaced surcharges. We then move on to describe each of the varieties.

Turkey Stamps 1930 Sivas Railway
Turkey Stamps 1930 Sivas Railway
Turkey Stamps 1930 Sivas Railway
Turkey Stamps 1930 Sivas Railway
Above : Standard set/22 values, Michel 913-34; Scott 705-26; SG 1099-1120; Yvert 772-93.

1930 (Aug 30) : Sivas Railway : Set/22 : Surcharges in Red are shown (R)
10pa / 10pa (R) : Blacksmith & Wolf [ . ]
10pa / 20pa : Train on Bridge [ . ]
20pa / 1k : Train on Bridge [ . ]
1k / 1.5k (R) : Blacksmith & Wolf [ . ]
1.5k / 2k (R) : Train on Bridge [ . ]
2k / 2.5k (R) : Train on Bridge [ . ]
2.5k / 3k : Train on Bridge [ . ]
3k / 4k : Blacksmith & Wolf [ . ]
4k / 5k : Hill Fortress [ . ]
5k / 6k (R) : Blacksmith & Wolf [ . ]
6k / 7.5k : Railway Cutting [ . ]
7.5k / 12.5k (R) : Hill Fortress [ . ]

. . 9k/7.5k - see next scan & listing
12.5k / 15k : Hill Fortress [ . ]
15k / 17.5k (R) : Railway Cutting [ . ]
17.5k / 20k (R) : Hill Fortress [ . ]
20k / 25k (R) : Railway Cutting [ . ]
25k / 30k : Hill Fortress [ . ]
30k / 40k : Railway Cutting [ . ]
40k / 50k : Kemal Atatürk [ . ]
50k / 100k (R) : Kemal Atatürk [ . ]
100k / 200k (R) : Kemal Atatürk [ . ]
250k / 500k (R) : Kemal Atatürk [ . ]

From this point onwards, we shall usually refer to these stamps only by their surcharge value, for example, simply '250k' for the 250k/500k value.

Turkey Stamps 1930 Sivas Railway Turkey Stamps 1930 Sivas Railway
Above: The bottom right stamp in the central block/4 has the Error of Value, 9k for 6k.

Turkey Stamps 1930 Sivas Railway Turkey Stamps 1930 Sivas Railway
The 1k value with offset on gum shown above also has the variety 'no stop after D'.

Printing Errors & Error of Value
1k Wolf : Full offset on gum [ . ]
3k Wolf : Surcharge à cheval (horizontally) [ . ]
5k Wolf : Surcharge à cheval (vertically) [ . ]
6k Railway Cutting : Surcharge à cheval (horizontally) [ . ]
6k Railway Cutting : Surcharge à cheval (vertically) [ . ]
40k Atatürk : Surcharge à cheval (vertically) [ . ]

Other surcharge misplacements exist.

9k / 7.5k : Railway Cutting : ERROR OF VALUE [ . ] Table Ref : X (see 'General Comments' below)
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The Typesetting Varieties : Overview
For ALL values we list the varieties in the word order in which they appear in the surcharge on the vertical designs, which reads 'Sivas / D. Y. / 30 ag. 930 / & new value'. The (horizontal) train-on-bridge design, despite its different arrangement (D. Y. Sivas for Sivas / D.Y.) is examined alongside the vertical designs for ease of reference.

Our original version of this article assigned reference letters to each variety, these letters being picked up in an attached table. We have not removed this table from the website but it has NOT been updated. We have provided a link to this old table at the foot of the page and, to assist in cross-referencing, we have included in this rewritten article the Table Ref : letters (in this colour) that were assigned to varieties in the old article and table. The current version of this article has several varieties that we did not include in the original article or table, as well as a few amendments to those that we did.
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The Typesetting Varieties on the word : 'Sivas'
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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : A : S-arrow / S with part cedilla:
The letter 'S' of 'Sivas' may be found with what looks like part of an arrow or tail at the foot. The size of the variety varies and may be shaped more like a cedilla than an arrow, particulary on the Atatürk values. All 22 values are recorded with this variety in some form. Sheet Positions: Train on Bridge : Position 49 ; Other Values : Position 35.
Note: In every sheet/100 (10x10), a format in which all the values were printed, there are also smaller remnants of a tail / cedilla on several stamps.

10pa Wolf [ . ] . . 10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ] . . 3k [ . ] . . 4k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 6k [ . ]
7.5k [ . ] . . 12.5k [ . ] . . 15k [ . ] . . 17.5k [ . ] . . 20k [ . ] . . 25k [ . ] . . 30k [ . ] . . 40k [ . ] . . 50k [ . ] . . 100k [ . ] . . 250k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : B : Break in letter 'S' :
We have only seen this variety of the wolf, mountain and railway cutting designs. We have not provided check-boxes for the train-on-bridge design, where examination of a complete sheet of the 10 para did not reveal an example. We have only seen it on the 10pa Wolf, 1k, 3k, 4k, 5k, 7.5k, 12.5k, 17.5k, 25k and 30k. We have not seen it on the Atatürk design but it may exist. Sheet Position : 69.

10pa Wolf [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 3k [ . ] . . 4k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 6k [ . ] . . 7.5k [ . ] . . 12.5k [ . ]
15k [ . ] . . 17.5k [ . ] . . 20k [ . ] . . 25k [ . ] . . 30k [ . ] . . 40k [ . ] . . 50k [ . ] . . 100k [ . ] . . 250k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : F : Dragon's Tail to capital letter 'S' . . . and . . . Small 's' resembling a '6' :
We have only seen this double variety of the train-on-bridge variety and it occurs in Position 20 (Row 2,10). Examples of the 20 para seem to have a much less pronounced hook on the small 's' than the other values.

10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Damaged right side to Capital letter 'S' :
We have only seen this variety on the train-on-bridge design and it occurs in Position 89 (Row 9,9). We have assumed it occurs on all values (requires confirmation).

10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

'Divas' for 'Sivas':
This variety occurs always in combination with the date error '390' for '930'. We have listed it under '390' towards the foot of this article.

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : C : 'Slvas' for 'Sivas':
This variety is reported to occur on all 22 values, although it is often hard to see against dark background colours. It sometimes appears as a genuine small letter 'l', sometimes more as a damaged 'i'. On the train-on-bridge design (in Position 79 / Row 8,9), it appears to be a genuine font error. On the other designs (Position 22, Row 3,2), it often seems to have aspects of a letter 'i' where the dot has joined the upstroke.

10pa Wolf [ . ] . . 10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ] . . 3k [ . ] . . 4k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 6k [ . ]
7.5k [ . ] . . 12.5k [ . ] . . 15k [ . ] . . 17.5k [ . ] . . 20k [ . ] . . 25k [ . ] . . 30k [ . ] . . 40k [ . ] . . 50k [ . ] . . 100k [ . ] . . 250k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : D : 'Sivae' for 'Sivas' :
This variety only occurs on the train-on-bridge design, in Position 26 (Row 3,6).

10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ]
Michel : 914 III, 915 III, 917 III - 919 III
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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : E : 'Sivav' for 'Sivas' :
This variety only occurs on the train-on-bridge design, in Position 35 (Row 4,5). This variety and the variety above can be found together in a block/4.

10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Sloping 'a' and raised small 's' in 'Sivas' :
We only know of this variety on one value; others may exist.

30k Railway Cutting [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei Turquie 1930 Chemin de Fer Sivas Varieté Railway Variety

Table Ref : H : 'S ivas' spaced thus :
We only know of this variety on the 50k/100k but have listed all four of the Atatürk design provisionally.

40k [ . ] . . 50k [ . ] . . 100k [ . ] . . 250k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : G : 'Si vas' spaced thus :
This variety only occurs on two stamps, in Sheet Position 47.

15k Railway Cutting [ . ] . . . 20k Railway Cutting [ . ]

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The Typesetting Varieties on the letters : ' D. Y. '
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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : J : Chipped top left corner of 'D' leaving a rounded appearance :
This variety occurs on all 22 stamps. It is in Position 37 (Row 4,7) on the train-on-bridge stamps and Position 90 (Row 9,10) on the other designs.

10pa Wolf [ . ] . . 10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ] . . 3k [ . ] . . 4k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 6k [ . ]
7.5k [ . ] . . 12.5k [ . ] . . 15k [ . ] . . 17.5k [ . ] . . 20k [ . ] . . 25k [ . ] . . 30k [ . ] . . 40k [ . ] . . 50k [ . ] . . 100k [ . ] . . 250k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : K : No stop after 'D' :
This variety is not found on the train-on-bridge design but occurs on all other stamps in sheet Position 44 (Row 5,4).

10pa Wolf [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 3k [ . ] . . 4k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 6k [ . ] . . 7.5k [ . ] . . 12.5k [ . ]
15k [ . ] . . 17.5k [ . ] . . 20k [ . ] . . 25k [ . ] . . 30k [ . ] . . 40k [ . ] . . 50k [ . ] . . 100k [ . ] . . 250k [ . ]

Our 2006/07 Michel only lists the top four values with this variety : Mi. 931 V - 934 V
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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : L : Stop after 'D' raised and next to 'Y' :
This variety is found on nine stamps in Position 40 in the sheets (Row 4,10).

10pa Wolf [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 7.5k [ . ] . . 12.5k [ . ] . . 15k [ . ] . . 17.5k [ . ] . . 20k [ . ] . . 25k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : M : 'D, Y.' for 'D. Y.':
This variety is found on 14 values, including all the wolf, hill fortress and railway cutting stamps, where it is in Position 24 (Row 3,4). Additionally, although the variety is generally absent on the train-on-bridge design, it is found on the 2.5k/3k, but we do not know in which position it occurs.

10pa Wolf [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ] . . 3k [ . ] . . 4k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 6k [ . ]
7.5k [ . ] . . 12.5k [ . ] . . 15k [ . ] . . 17.5k [ . ] . . 20k [ . ] . . 25k [ . ] . . 30k [ . ]

Michel does not list the 2.5k train-on-bridge with this variety : Michel (only 13 vals) : 913 IV, 916 IV, 920 IV - 930 IV
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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : N : No stop after 'Y' ( D. Y ):
This variety, a little curiously, occurs only on 3 Wolf values and 3 Atatürk values.

10pa Wolf [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 50k [ . ] . . 100k [ . ] . . 250k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : P : Comma after 'Y' ( D. Y, ):
This variety appears to be unique to the 2.5k/3k train-on-bridge stamp; we have seen stamps which may have been partially corrected from a comma to a stop on the other four values in this design.

2.5k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Short LEFT upstoke of 'Y' :
We have seen this on three of the train-on-bridge values and are therefore confident that it will occur on all values. It is in Position 72 (Row 8,2).

10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Short RIGHT upstoke of 'Y' :
This does not occur on the train-on-bridge values but is found on the wolf, hill fortress and railway cutting designs. We have not seen it on the Atatürk values, but have provisionally provided check-boxes for them. The only values we know to exist are the 10pa Wolf, 1k, 5k, 6k, 7.5k and 20k. We believe the variety may come from Position 33 (Row 4,3) but this requires confirmation.

10pa Wolf [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 3k [ . ] . . 4k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 6k [ . ] . . 7.5k [ . ] . . 12.5k [ . ]
15k [ . ] . . 17.5k [ . ] . . 20k [ . ] . . 25k [ . ] . . 30k [ . ] . . 40k [ . ] . . 50k [ . ] . . 100k [ . ] . . 250k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : AA & AB : D.Y. with square & round stops . . . and . . . D.Y. with round and square stops :
The normal arrangements of stops on the train-on-bridge design is two square stops after D. and Y. Some stamps in the sheet are found with a mixture of square and round stops. There are also a few values with broken stops, possibly commas with their tails removed, but we do not list these.

D (square stop) Y (round stop) :
10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ]

D (round stop) Y (square stop) :
10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ]
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The Typesetting Varieties on the line of surcharge : '30 ag. 930' :
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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : Q : Surcharge spaced '30 ag.930'
Known on 19 values in the set. Curiously, the 3 stamps without the variety are all different designs. In this variety, the 'ag.' is right up against the '930'. It is found only once per sheet/100, in Position 73 on the train-on-bridge and Position 57 on the wolf design.

10pa Wolf [ . ] . . 10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 7.5k [ . ] . . 12.5k [ . ]
15k [ . ] . . 17.5k [ . ] . . 20k [ . ] . . 25k [ . ] . . 30k [ . ] . . 40k [ . ] . . 50k [ . ] . . 100k [ . ] . . 250k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : R : Surcharge spaced '30ag. 930'
Known on all 22 values in the set. This is not at all as pronounced as with the variety above. The usual spacing between '30' and 'ag.' is 2.5-2.7 mms. In several positions in the sheet, the spacing is reduced to between 1.75 and 2 mms, a small but visually obvious shift. We have been able to examine a sheet of the wolf design and have found this narrow spacing in Positions 1, 11, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, 81 and 91. An examination of the train-on-bridge design also reveals the varieties to be in one vertical column, although with this stamp only in 8 rather than 9 positions in the sheet: 9, 19, 39, 49, 59, 69, 79 and 89.

10pa Wolf [ . ] . . 10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ] . . 3k [ . ] . . 4k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 6k [ . ]
7.5k [ . ] . . 12.5k [ . ] . . 15k [ . ] . . 17.5k [ . ] . . 20k [ . ] . . 25k [ . ] . . 30k [ . ] . . 40k [ . ] . . 50k [ . ] . . 100k [ . ] . . 250k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety
The 5k Wolf value above has an additional variety in this position, just about visible in the scan, comma for stop after 'K'.

Table Ref : S : Half-moon shaped accent on 'g' of 'ag'.
Reported on all 22 values in the set, but this seems to be one of the more difficult varieties to find, especially on the higher values. It is found in Position 11 (Row 2,1) on the train-on-bridge design and Position 9 (Row 1,9) on the other designs.

10pa Wolf [ . ] . . 10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ] . . 3k [ . ] . . 4k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 6k [ . ]
7.5k [ . ] . . 12.5k [ . ] . . 15k [ . ] . . 17.5k [ . ] . . 20k [ . ] . . 25k [ . ] . . 30k [ . ] . . 40k [ . ] . . 50k [ . ] . . 100k [ . ] . . 250k [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Damaged 'g' or 'ag' at base.
On the 10 pa Wolf, there are frequent examples per sheet where the base of the letter 'g' is open / broken, this sometimes extending to the base of the 'a' as well. For some reason, this does not seem to occur widely on other values in the set.

10pa Wolf [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : U : Date Error : '309' for '930'
The '309' date error occurs on 11 stamps across three designs. On the train-on-bridge design it is in Position 56 (Row 6,6) and on the Wolf and Atatürk designs in Position 14 (Row 2,4).

10pa Train [ . ] . . 20p [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 40k [ . ] . . 50k [ . ] . . 100k [ . ] . . 250k [ . ]
Michel : 914 II - 919 II, 922 II, 931 II - 934 II
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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety
The 25k has a further variety, 'italic 2'. We have not seen this variety on its own (i.e.without the 390 error).

Table Ref : W : Date Error : '390' for '930'
The '390' date error is found on all 22 stamps. On the train-on-bridge design, it is in Position 85 and is combined with a further error 'Divas' for 'Sivas', an error which does not appear on its own. A scan of a complete stamp, showing both errors, is provided in the 'Sivas' word varieties section higher up.
The other four designs have the error '390' in Position 45 (Row 5,5)

10pa Wolf [ . ] . . 10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1k [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ] . . 2.5k [ . ] . . 3k [ . ] . . 4k [ . ] . . 5k [ . ] . . 6k [ . ]
7.5k [ . ] . . 12.5k [ . ] . . 15k [ . ] . . 17.5k [ . ] . . 20k [ . ] . . 25k [ . ] . . 30k [ . ] . . 40k [ . ] . . 50k [ . ] . . 100k [ . ] . . 250k [ . ]

Michel : 913 I - 934 I
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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : V : Date '930' inverted :
This variety is only found on four of the five train-on-bridge values, in Position 98 (Row 10,8). This seems a surprising error, but the change of alphabet introduced by Atatürk extended also to the numerals, which the typesetter may not have had much practice in setting, although careless workmanship must clearly have played a major part.

10 pa Train [ . ] . . 20pa [ . ] . . 1.5k [ . ] . . 2k [ . ]
Michel : 914K-915K, 917K, 918K
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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Smaller, damaged '9' in '930'
We have only seen this variety on one value. Others may exist.

12.5k Hill Fortress [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : T : Ink-filled '0' in '930':
We only list this variety on the two values we have seen, but others may exist.

1k [ . ] . . 20k [ . ]

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The Typesetting Varieties on the new Figures of Value :
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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Damaged '0' in '10':
This is a non-constant variety.

10 pa Wolf [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety
The contrast in this image has been increased, in order to show the variety more clearly. Consequently, the colours are not 'true' in the scan.

Table Ref : Y : Italic figure '4' in 4k/5k :
We illustrate two upright figures '4' with varying thicknesses of the vertical downstroke of the '4'. The centre-stamp appears slightly italicised but it is the right-hand stamp in the scan that is the 'Italic 4' variety; it is found in Position 62 (Row 7,2) of the sheet.

4k Hill Fortress (italic '4') [ . ]

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Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Table Ref : Z : Comma for Stop after new value :
We know of three values with comma instead of a stop after the final letter of the surcharge. Two are shown above; the other is the 5k/6k on the stamp with the half-moon accent over the 'g' of 'ag', already listed above. We do not think the comma for stop variety would follow any consistent placement within the sheet. We do know that it occurs in position 64 (Row 7,4) on the 10 para Wolf.

10 pa Wolf : Comma for Stop after 'P' [ . ]
12.5k Hill Fortress : Comma for Stop after 'k' [ . ]

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Varieties : Other

Turkey Stamps Briefmarken Turkei 1930 Eisenbahn Sivas Abart Railway Variety

Inking flaws such as shown above seem to occur quite frequently on the 7.5k/12.5k Hill Fortress and, no doubt, occasionally on other values. These are collectable but are not within the scope of this article.
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Turkey Sivas Rialway Station Gare Bahnhof

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The Varieties in Tabular Form (on a separate webpage)

The original article concluded here with a table of the principal varieties. We have retained the table, but we now only display it on a separate web page. This is due both to its inconvenient width and the fact that we have not been, and will not be, keeping it updated, which leaves the table at variance with the text above. There is a link to the table below, but reading the following notes first may help with understanding it.

In the table, we used 'Yes' for spaces where we know the stamp to exist and 'No' where it is specifically known not to exist. The other spaces are left blank (with a dot), but in the vast majority of cases the stamps will not exist, but please check the text above for any more detailed information that may have been added since the table was created. In rows where the description of the variety is followed by an asterisk (*), we are 99% sure that the values that have that variety are well-known and are as identified in the table.

Finally, a reminder that the first column of the table carries the Table Ref letters that we retained from the old article when re-writing this article.

Click here for table only, opens in new tab

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