Spain : Railway Stamps : Section 3 : Civil War Stamps
Espana - Sellos : Ferrocarriles : Guerro Civil

This article is Section 3 of our article on Spanish railway philately. It was originally embedded in the main article on Spain, but this became too large.
The link in the left panel will take you to the rest of the Spain article.

Este artículo es la Sección 3 de nuestro artículo sobre la filatelia ferroviaria espańola. Originalmente estaba incluido en el artículo principal sobre Espańa, pero se volvió demasiado extenso.
El enlace en el panel de la izquierda lo llevará al resto del artículo de Espańa.

Section 3: Spanish Civil War : Local Issues for Towns and Villages (Nationalist & Republican).
. . . . . . . . . Guerra civil espańola: Sellos locales para ciudades y aldeas ('patriotico' y republicano).

Note: The listing in this section is Alphabetical.

Quick Links to each town / district on this page :

Alozaina Ardales Arriate Asturias y Leon
Barcelona Benarrabas Bilbao Burgos
Comares Durcal
El Burgo El Masnou Estepona Euzkadi
Gaucin Genalguacil
Istan Jimera de Libar
Madrid - Evacuados Manilva Montcada y Reixac Montejaque
Nerja Novelda Riogordo Riotinto
Sayalonga Teba Villanueva de Tapia
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Introduction & Information on Reprints:

The Spanish Civil War lasted from 1936 to 1939, during which time thousands of stamps, with varying levels of postal validity, were issued both by towns and organizations. The two sides in the conflict were the Nationalist side under General Franco, and the Republican side, an informal alliance of many groups and movements of quite varied world outlook. It is not our intention here to attempt to give any political background to the individual stamp issues. There is ample material online for those who wish to study the conflict, which can still be the source of deep divisions in Spain.

This Section is devoted to the stamps carrying the name of a town or province. One railway design in this section was used for 15 different towns (16 including Montejaque), a train-on-bridge design issued in Malaga Province; the El Burgo example is shown below.

These issues have, in recent years, presented collectors with a problem or two. As far as we can glean, the basic printing plates for the stamps were re-used in the early 1950s, possibly, according to one source, by Sr. Guillamon, but the information that we have on them is all rather vague. In order to avoid much repetition, we are prefacing this Section with a general assessment of these stamps and the comments apply to all the 15 towns which we know to have issued postage stamps in this design.

Malaga Province Train-on-Bridge design

The design above was used to produce stamps for the following towns in Malaga province around 1938:
Alozaina, Arriate, Benarrabas, Comares, El Burgo, Estepona, Gaucin, Genalguacil, Istan, Jimera de Libar, Montejaque (revenue/fiscal only known to us), Manilva, Riogordo, Sayalonga, Teba, Villanueva de Tapia

Only four basic colours were used for the original stamps : Blue, Brown, Reds various (rose-red to deep wine-red) and Violet, although there are very significant shades within these four basic colours. Most stamps appear to have been issued in single colours, except that the name of the town has often (perhaps always?) been added in a separate operation. The town name is often in the same colour ink as the stamp, sometimes in a very similar ink but in a slightly different shade, sometimes in a second colour. It can sometimes be very difficult to distinguish that the town name is in a different shade, despite a catalogue stating that the stamp is bi-colour. Note 5 in the paragraphs below about reprints includes information on plating original stamps.

Reprints (Reimpresiones)
When these stamps were reprinted, it appears that they were produced in up to five colours per town, thus producing many, many stamps in colours which were never issued during the period of postal use of the stamps. This includes a few reprints in Orange, a colour never used for originals. In the case of brown stamps, we have seen reprints in dark brown and chestnut-brown, on occasions in both shades for the same town. We have listed these separately where we have seen them, but we have not assumed that both browns exist in reprints for all towns.

Usually in philately, reprints of this nature, even from original plates, would command little interest and low prices but, perhaps because few of these reprints appear to have been made, they do fetch quite good prices; indeed, in the case of the towns for which original stamps are a little more plentiful, such as Comares and Estepona, these reprints in unissued colours often sell for more than original stamps.

How to identify the reprints when in the colour of the original stamps:

1. The majority of these reprints are Imperforate. If the original stamp is not listed imperforate, any imperforate example will most probably be a reprint. A small number of the reprints, though, may be found perforated.

2. The paper of the reprints is very different. Nearly all original stamps are on paper which, when held to the light, appears smooth and of good quality. For most towns, the paper is a fresh, white colour; the exceptions are Estepona, Manilva and Teba (and blue stamps from Arriate), which are usually on toned paper, but still of a good quality. All original stamps are on quite thick paper. The c.1950s reprints are on toned (brownish) paper and, this a very good test, when held to the light, the paper appears very patchy and of exceptionally poor quality with many thinner patches, almost like a 19th century hand-made paper. These reprints are on thinner paper than the originals.

3. Fonts used for the town name : In some cases, the reprints display a different font for some letters of the town name. We have shown originals and reprints alongside each other where we have the material to be able to do so. However, there were often several varieties of the town name on original stamps and we have not been able to study full sheets of any original stamp. It is therefore possible that examples of variations of font which we have described in the text below as features of reprints may, in some cases, match that of a stamp from the issued sheets. We would welcome further information on this from readers.

4. We have never seen a used example of a reprint, nor can they legitimately exist.

5. Originals & Reprints: Clichés / Types / Plating : The original stamps were printed in sheets/16, 4x4, but, importantly, the two COLUMNS at left were repeated to produce the two columns at right. There are basically 8 clichés, each appearing twice, at left and right of the sheet.
1 2 1 2
3 4 3 4
5 6 5 6
7 8 7 8
These 8 clichés can be plated, as described lower down.

When the reprints were made, only the top two HORIZONTAL LINES were employed for the reprints, thus:
1 2 1 2
3 4 3 4
Consequently, any stamps with the characteristics of clichés 5, 6, 7 or 8 must be originals and this is true for ALL THE TOWNS. To assist further in identifying original stamps from reprints, we illustrate below features of the 8 clichés, which we describe as 'Types' 1-8. Stamps of Types 1 to 4 can be originals or reprints; Types 5 to 8 will always be originals.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Clichés of Malaga Province Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Clichés of Malaga Province Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Clichés of Malaga Province Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Clichés of Malaga Province
Type 1: Frame Flaw . . . Type 2: Break in Arch & adjoining Line . . Type 3: Dot above 'IP' . . Type 4: Lower frame-line extended

Type 1 by Town : We can confirm the damaged frame variety in Positions 1,1 and 1,3 on originals of Arriate, Benarrabas, Comares, Gaucin, Manilva, Riogordo, Sayalonga and Villanueva da Tapia, but it appears to be absent on all original Estepona stamps. On other towns, we are seeking information. All the Reprints in Type 1 that we have seen appear to have been retouched, as illustrated below:

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Clichés of Malaga Province Type 1 Original Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Clichés of Malaga Province Type 1 Reprint
Type 1 Flaw: Left: Original . . . Right: Reprint with remains of flaw after retouch.

Given that all the reprints are from the same plate, we are fairly confident that the 'small angled line' flaw will be common to all reprints in Type 1. We have not seen this remnant of the larger flaw on any original stamp. Note that the retouched flaw on the reprints is present on Estepona reprints, even though the damaged frame flaw is not present on originals.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Clichés of Malaga Province Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Clichés of Malaga Province Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Clichés of Malaga Province
Type 6: Dot appears to extend line at lower left . . . Type 7: Dot in Tablet bottom right . . . Type 8: Smaller dot towards right but higher.

Type 5: No distinguishing feature of cliché 5 (Type 5) has been identified; stamps not in Types 1-4 or 6-8 may be viewed as Type 5. Note, however, that original stamps of Type 1 without the damaged frame-line, currently only known for Estepona, could be mistaken for Type 5.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Alozaina
Proofs of the Reprints : These are found without name in the cartouche. We have been informed that the following colours exist, all imperforate. There may be more than we have listed.

Proof without town name in Black, reprint [ . ]
Proof without town name in Blue, reprint [ . ]
Proof without town name in Dark Brown, reprint [ . ]
Proof without town name in Chestnut-Brown, reprint [ . ]
Proof without town name in Violet, reprint [ . ]
Proof without town name in Orange, reprint [ . ]

We have no information that a wine-red proof of the reprints was produced.
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Two-Colour Stamps in this design (originals): As discussed above, it can sometimes be hard to decide whether the town name was added in a second operation or whether, when it has been added in a second operation, the stamp and the town name colours can be distinguished at all. In our catalogue-style listings, we have usually listed stamp colours as per any published catalogue listing known to us, even where examples of the stamps that we have seen do not clearly display any second colour that is listed. Some of the identifying characteristics used for plating these stamps, notably those on Types 1 and 2, are significant flaws, but we have chosen not to provide check-boxes for them, as these stamps are rarely found in sufficient quantity to allow such specialized collecting.
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Sellos Alozaina - Provincia de Málaga Province Stamps
In this section we use amalgamated province headings to assist both English and Spanish language internet searches.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Alozaina Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Alozaina Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Alozaina

Original stamp in Violet; Reprint in Blue; In the Reprint (right scan), the name Alozaina has very different letters 'A' and 'a'.

Alozaina 5c Violet original [ . ]

Alozaina 5c Blue reprint, Perforated [ . ]
Alozaina 5c Brown reprint, Imperforate [ . ]

We have not seen reprints in Red [ . ] or Violet [ . ] but they may exist perf or imperf (or both).

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Sellos Ardales - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

For many years, we believed that this stamp showed a viewing platform, with a step, on a footpath, but we are now inclined to believe it does show railway tracks, albeit of too narrow a gauge, but the stamp is not particularly well-drawn. See El Churro in this section (further down) for a better-drawn image.

There is a railway line which passes through the mountains in the region of Ardales, in very close proximity to the Caminito del Rey, a treacherous mountain path, which has only recently been reopened, after being closed for extensive repairs and the addition of some safety features in the wake of several fatal falls.

If you enjoy scary images(!), try inputting Caminito del Rey in a search engine and checking out the images both from before (hair-raising) and after the safety improvements were made. Some of the still images show the adjacent railway but most images are from after the repairs. However, there is an amazing video, nothing to do with stamps, but well worth a 6-minute diversion, a 'horror film' about this incredibly dangerous mountain pathway before it was repaired. Not to be missed! Click here (opens in a new tab) to walk the Caminito del Rey before it was repaired.

There is also an atmospheric YouTube video taken of (and from) steam trains, in which the Caminito del Rey path can be seen clinging to the side of a mountain, whilst the railway passes from tunnel to viaduct to tunnel. We cannot identify the exact location of the image in the stamp, but the footpath, which was only used in the 1930s by workmen to reach their workplace (a new dam), was extremely narrow and a wide gallery, such as shown on the stamp, would be quite out of character. However, permanent way workers on the railway could have been provided with a refuge area such as this. Based on what we know, we have decided that these stamps do probably show railway tracks and they are therefore included. Click here (opens in a new tab) for a 4-minute railway journey.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Ardales Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Ardales tete-beche
Above: Set/5 + shade of the Green and a tęte-bęche pair of the Red stamp.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Ardales pareja capicua
Above: Basic set/5 in Blocks/4 giving a horizontal and vertical arrangement of the tęte-bęche stamp and, top left in each block, the ARDALCS variety described below. .

Shades : The standard set is probably best seen as being of 5 values, Green, Sky-Blue, Rosine-Red, Orange, Fawn-Brown. However, there are shades of all these stamps, but for the Blue, Red and Orange stamps, the differences we have seen have been fairly minor. However, two of the colours come in very significant shades as follows:

Green and Dull Greyish-Green : we have listed both.

The 'brown' comes in many shades from Chestnut-Brown through Pale Brown to Greyish-Brown and Pale Brownish-lilac. We have chosen to pare this down to two shades for listing purposes:

The range from Chestnut-Brown to Pale Brown is listed below as Fawn-Brown, with the brown predominant.
The range from Greyish-Brown to Pale Brownish-Lilac is listed below as Lilac-Grey, the greyness being predominant.

Further notes :
1. The Sofima catalogue lists only one green shade but has the additional violet-grey (lilac-grey) shade.

2. Tęte-bęche pairs. Sofima lists them for all values except the lilac-grey but, if this is just a shade, as we believe, then the lilac-grey should also exist tęte-bęche, and we have therefore listed it thus but without any proof to date. A correspondent has kindly informed us that the Galvez catalogue states that the only inverted stamp in the sheet is in the bottom right-hand corner, so providing only one tęte-bęche pair per sheet, which could obviously be extracted as a horizontal or a vertical pair. Our study leads us to think that the sheets were probably 6 columns down, but we are unsure how many rows across.

3. We have not seen any imperforate tęte-bęche pairs in this design, but see no reason why they would not exist and we have therefore given them a catalogue-style listing.

4. We advise that Imperforate stamps should only be collected in pairs or as singles with large margins, as some perforated stamps could be cut down to appear imperforate.

5. At the foot of the catalogue-style listing for Ardales are the stamps in Pale Grey-Green and Lilac-Grey, included only as shades, not as additional colours.

6. There is a constant plate flaw located 'penultimate row, second stamp from the right margin'. This variety is a badly damaged 'E' in 'ARDALES', rendering the letter rather closer to a 'C', described below as ARDALCS for ARDALES. We are not aware that this variety has been listed elsewhere but do not have access to all Spanish Civil War catalogues. The flaw appears in all the colours in which the stamps were printed and is illustrated below:
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Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Ardales Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Ardales tete-beche

We have listed both horizontal and vertical tęte-bęche pairs below but a single block/4, of course, will provide both.

Ardales Railway Tracks in Green, PERFORATED [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]

Ardales Railway Tracks in Green, IMPERF [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]
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Ardales Railway Tracks in Deep Sky-Blue , PERFORATED [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]

Ardales Railway Tracks in Deep Sky-Blue , IMPERF [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]
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Ardales Railway Tracks in Red, PERFORATED [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]

Ardales Railway Tracks in Red, IMPERF [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]
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Ardales Railway Tracks in Orange, PERFORATED [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]

Ardales Railway Tracks in Orange, IMPERF [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]
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Ardales Railway Tracks in Fawn-Brown, PERFORATED [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]

Ardales Railway Tracks in Fawn-Brown, IMPERF [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]

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Additional Listing for Shades:

Ardales Railway Tracks in Pale Grey-Green, PERFORATED [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]

Ardales Railway Tracks in Pale Grey-Green, IMPERF [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]
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Ardales Railway Tracks in Grey-Lilac, PERFORATED [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]

Ardales Railway Tracks in Grey-Lilac, IMPERF [ . ]
- ditto - horizontal tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair [ . ]
- variety - ARDALCS for ARDALES [ . ]

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Sellos Arriate - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Arriate Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Arriate Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Arriate

Originals in Blue (perf), Blue (Imperf), Violet (perf), Brown & Blue (perf) and Brown & Blue (Imperf).

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Arriate Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Arriate Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Arriate Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Arriate

Reprints in Brown & Blue; in Red (the Red on unusually white paper for a reprint), in Blue & Black, in Orange-Red, in Violet. We have not seen any obvious differences in font for the town names between originals and reprints for this town.

Arriate 5c Blue, name in Blue, original, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - IMPERF [ . ]

Arriate 5c Violet, name in Lilac, original, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - IMPERF [ . ]

Arriate 5c Brown, name in Violet-Blue, original, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - IMPERF [ . ]
- ditto - IMPERF, variety : Town name outside cartouche. [ . ]
Note: On the Blue and Violet stamps, the colour of the town name is sometimes almost identical to the stamp colour, frequently giving the impression of being a single colour printing.

Arriate 5c Blue, name in Brown, reprint, Perf [ . ]
Arriate 5c Red-Brown, name in Red-Brown, reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Arriate 5c Red-Brown, name in Black, reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Arriate 5c Red, reprint on very white paper displaying the weave strongly when held to light. Perf.[ . ]
Arriate 5c Blue, name in Black, reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Arriate 5c Blue, name in Orange & Black, reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Arriate 5c Blue, name in Violet, reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Arriate 5c Brown, name in Blue, Imperf [ . ]

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Sellos Asturias y Leon - Provincia de Asturias Province Stamps
Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon

Above: Various colours and combinations of the mine truck design.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon

Above: The Factory design, possibly railway, possibly a road train.

In these two designs from Asturias y Leon, one has a clear railway interest, but the other is currently in doubt. The stamp with factory chimneys appears to show some form of steam locomotive hauling some trucks, but it is unclear whether this is a steam tractor on roadway or a steam locomotive on tracks. The vehicles being hauled display wheels which are more like those on road vehicles, but the quality of the drawing and of the printing is so poor that it is impossible to be sure without some additional evidence. Does anyone have a photo or postcard of this scene or some knowledge of the factory in the view perhaps? For the moment, we are only giving catalgue-style listings to the mine truck type.
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Asturias y Leon 5c PALE YELLOW-GREEN (the normal issued colour) : Mine truck, Perf [ . ] **
- ditto - Imperf [ . ]
- ditto - but in vertical strip/4 proofs all in issued colours (4 different designs - see scan of sheet/16) Imperf [ . ]

** Perforated stamps from normal sheets in Pale Yellow-Green are usually numbered individually in black on the back of each stamp (six-figure numbers, not zeros).
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Asturias y Leon 5c BROWN PROOF: Mine truck, Perf, some numbered 000,000 on the back, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf [ . ]
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Asturias y Leon 5c
TURQUOISE PROOF: Mine truck, Perf, some numbered 000,000 on the back, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf [ . ]
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Asturias y Leon 5c
GREENISH-YELLOW PROOF: Mine truck, Perf, some numbered 000,000 on the back, Perf. [ . ]
We do not know whether this is found Imperf.
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Asturias y Leon 5c BLACK PROOF : Mine truck, Imperf [ . ]
- ditto - but in vertical strip/4 proofs (4 different designs - see scan) Imperf [ . ]

We do not know whether this stamp exists Perf in Black.

Be cautious about imperforate stamps unless they have margins wide enough to prove that they have not been cut from one of the miniature sheets with simulated perforations (see scans further down).
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Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon

We have seen the above inter-panneaux strip for another value in this set. A similar vertical gutter pair may exist for the ship and mine-truck design. However, without further evidence, we are not providing a catalogue-style listing.
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Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon

Asturias y Leon m/s without surcharge with 5c Yellow-Green mine truck Imperf (simulated perfs) [ . ]
- ditto - overprinted Franqueo Equivalente (not seen by us, perhaps no overprint on the mine truck stamp. [ . ]
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Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon
Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Asturias y Leon

Asturias y Leon Set/4 m/s surcharged on middle stamp 25c, 45c, 60c, 1 Pta. [ . ]
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Sellos Barcelona - Provincia de Barcelona Province stamps

Stamps in a design used in Montcada & Reixac, (q.v., lower down in this section), are also found inscribed 'REPUBLICA ESPANOLA' with value increased from 5c to 1P. We follow the convention of listing these as a Barcelona issue.

Barcelona - Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Barcelona - Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Barcelona - Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Republica Espanola sheetlet/4, in Scarlet & Violet-Blue, 4 x 1 Pta., Railway Trucks. Imperf. [ . ]
- ditto - but Deep-Carmine & Grey
*** [ . ]
*** Item acquired with notation 'violet omitted', but this seems a doubtful description. Possibly a proof?

Republica Espanola sheetlet/4, in Blue & Green, 4 x 1 Pta., Railway Trucks. Imperf. [ . ]

Republica Espanola sheetlet/4, in Violet & Grey/Green? , 4 x 1 Pta., Railway Trucks. Imperf. [ . ]
This final item listed above is supported by a small, low quality scan sent to us of a used sheetlet, the colours being a deep violet and a greenish-grey. Although not in our catalogue, this appears to be an authentic additional colour combination issued in this design.
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S.C.T. Barcelona

Stamps issued by the transport workers' trades union in Barcelona.

S.C.T. Barcelona sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War S.C.T. Barcelona sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War
Image (and text) Source: Edifil 2012 Tomo I de los Sellos Locales de la Guerra Civil Espanola 1936-1939.

S.C.T. Barcelona Undenominated : Black on White Paper [ . ]
S.C.T. Barcelona Undenominated : Black on Orange Paper [ . ]

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Sellos Benarrabas - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Benarrabas

Original in Blue Perf; Original in Blue Imperf.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War stamps Benarrabas

Reprint in Brown, Imperf.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Benarrabas Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Benarrabas

Identifying Benarrabas reprints by font :
Original (blue) : Very clear space below top curve of the 's'.
Reprint (black) : Much of the space of the top curve of the 's' is filled with ink.

Benarrabas 5c Blue original, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf between pair [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf [ . ]

Benarrabas 5c Brown reprint, Perf [ . ]
Benarrabas 5c Brown reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Benarrabas 5c Violet reprint, Perf [ . ]
Benarrabas 5c Violet reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Beanarabas 5c Red-Brown reprint, Imperf [ . ]

We have not seen reprints in Blue [ . ] but they may exist perf or imperf (or both).

Benarrabas Modern Reproduction stamps sheetlet
A modern reproduction including the above design, Spanish Post Office approved and produced in a booklet of 70 sheetlets.

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Sellos Bilbao - Provincia de Vizcaya Province stamps

We have not seen the full sheet layouts for these stamps and it is possible they were printed in more than one format. Se-tenant pairs of different values are found but one can also find multiples of the same value. There are 7 stamps in each set, but only two, the 5c and 15c are of tramway / railway interest. We have seen the 5c in vertical se-tenant pairs with the 1 Pta General Franco and the 1 Pta 'tree-lined avenue', but not, as yet, in all the colours. We have seen the 15c se-tenant with a 10c on its left and the 15c se-tenant with a 50c on its right. Our listing of se-tenant pairs is based on extrapolation and requires confirmation in some cases. We have assumed that the Imperfs, which we list separately, follow the same pattern as the perforated stamps.

The 5c value shows an electric tramcar just coming onto the bridge at the right. The printing quality of the stamp is poor, with the rose window of San Anton blending into the roof of the tramcar. Even with the enlarged detail view of the stamp provided, it is hard to discern. Note that the angle of the trolley pole (carrying the electric current to the tramcar) on the stamp indicates that the tram is heading towards us, and thus in the opposite direction to that shown on the tram on the postcard. The card was posted in 1931 and does appear to be from around that date.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Puente San Anton Bilbao Tranvia

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Puente San Anton Bilbao Tranvia

Detail from postcard view (c.1930) of the Puente de San Anton in Bilbao with tramcar.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War stamps Bilbao Tramcar sellos postales Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao

Above: A selection of Perforated stamps in the three colours of the issue, as well as se-tenant examples. Also shown are detail scans of the electric tramcar on the bridge (5c design) and the railway tracks on the quay (15c design).

As mentioned higher up, the listing below assumes that the se-tenant pairs incorporating the 5c exist in combination with both 1 Pta stamps for all three colours, not yet confirmed.

Bilbao 5c Green Tramcar, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant vertically with 1 Pta Franco [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant with 1 Pta tree-lined avenue [ . ]
Bilbao 5c Brown Tramcar, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant vertically with 1 Pta Franco [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant with 1 Pta tree-lined avenue [ . ]
Bilbao 5c Blue Tramcar, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant vertically with 1 Pta Franco [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant with 1 Pta tree-lined avenue [ . ]

Bilbao 15c Green railway tracks, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant horizontally with 10c (on its left) [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant horizontally with 50c (on its right) [ . ]
Bilbao 15c Brown railway tracks, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant horizontally with 10c (on its left) [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant horizontally with 50c (on its right) [ . ]
Bilbao 15c Blue, railway tracks, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant horizontally with 10c (on its left) [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant horizontally with 50c (on its right) [ . ]

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao

Listing of Imperforate Stamps :

Bilbao 5c Green Tramcar, Imperf [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant vertically with 1 Pta Franco [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant with 1 Pta tree-lined avenue [ . ]
Bilbao 5c Brown Tramcar, Imperf [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant vertically with 1 Pta Franco [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant with 1 Pta tree-lined avenue [ . ]
Bilbao 5c Blue Tramcar, Imperf [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant vertically with 1 Pta Franco [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant with 1 Pta tree-lined avenue [ . ]

Bilbao 15c Green railway tracks, Imperf [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant horizontally with 10c (on its left) [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant horizontally with 50c (on its right) [ . ]
Bilbao 15c Brown railway tracks, Imperf [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant horizontally with 10c (on its left) [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant horizontally with 50c (on its right) [ . ]
Bilbao 15c Blue railway tracks, Imperf [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant horizontally with 10c (on its left) [ . ]
- ditto - se-tenant horizontally with 50c (on its right) [ . ]

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Stamps inscribed 'AYUNTAMIENTO' (Town Hall).

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Bilbao

These 'Ayuntamiento' stamps come in two sizes, LARGE, a similar size to the postage stamps with the figure of value and 'cts' close together and also in a SMALL size, measuring 22.5 x 30 mms (as against the 28 x 37.5 mms of the vertical postage values). These smaller 'Ayuntamiento' stamps have wider spacing between the figure of value and 'cts' as well as some differences in the fonts used. They appear at first sight to be local revenue stamps but stamps so inscribed were not infrequently used for postage in many areas during the Civil War and these stamps are, we learn, listed in Edifil and therefore will presumably have seen postal use.
The listing below may contain some errors or omissions.

Bilbao Ayuntamiento 5c Tramcar on Bridge in Blue, Perf. SMALL FORMAT [ . ]
Bilbao Ayuntamiento 10c Tramcar on Bridge in Green, Perf. SMALL FORMAT [ . ]

Bilbao Ayuntamiento 5c Tramcar on Bridge in Blue, Perf. LARGE FORMAT [ . ]
Bilbao Ayuntamiento 10c Tramcar on Bridge in Green, Perf. LARGE FORMAT [ . ]

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Sellos Burgos - Provincia de Burgos Province stamps

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Burgos

Many stamps of Burgos, including those shown below, are usually listed in main catalogues. In the case of Stanley Gibbons, they explain their inclusion of these (Nationalist) issues by citing that they were authorised by local civil governors or military commanders - and that they were put into use. For consistency and simplicity, we list them here with the other Civil War issues. They were only issued as se-tenant blocks/4 within the sheets, not in sheets all of the same design.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Burgos Spanish Espana Espagne Guerre Guerra Civil War Burgos Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Burgos
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Stamps can be found with the full four-subject overprint on blank space below the stamps. We are unsure whether these extra overprints are found at the foot of the sheets or, and perhaps more likely, printed on a large inter-panneaux (gutter) margin. Information anyone please?

1937 : Burgos 20c Fiscal stamp overprinted with a steam locomotive in BLACK [ . ]
- ditto - in Block/4 with Pegasus, racing Car & Motorbike designs. [ . ]
- ditto - Overprint Double [ . ]
- ditto - Overprint Reversed [ . ] (Note: not seen by us)
- ditto - Block/4 with lower margin displaying the overprints. [ . ]

1937 : Burgos 20c Fiscal stamp overprinted with a steam locomotive in RED [ . ]
- ditto - in Block/4 with Pegasus, racing Car & Motorbike designs. [ . ]
- ditto - Overprint Double [ . ]
- ditto - Block/4 with lower margin displaying the overprints. [ . ]

Although these Express Delivery (URGENTE) stamps are traditionally attributed principally to Burgos, they also saw postal service in several other localities and cities, as shown in the image below:

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Burgos

A remarkable registered (12 May 1937) cover (with military censor marking) from Sevilla with the Urgente stamp sent on commercial mail, most unusually with the surplus locomotive design in the lower margin still attached. The cover is backstamped with a Burgos registered post arrival mark, 14th May.
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Sellos Comares - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Comares Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Comares Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Comares Round 'o' (normal) and Oval 'o' (variety)

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Comares

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Comares Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Comares Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Comares

Originals in Blue, Brown (many shades), Wine-Red.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Comares

Reprints in Orange, Blue, Violet.

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Comares Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Comares

Identifying Comares reprints by font :
Original (blue) : Bottom of 'C' is of even width and well-formed; very clear space below top curve of the 's'.
Reprint (black) : Bottom of 'C' is fat and somewhat deformed; much of the space of the top curve of the 's' is filled with ink.

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Comares 5c Blue original, Perf 13½ [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf between vertically, horizontal pair [ . ]
- ditto - Oval 'o' in 'Comares' [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf [ . ]
Comares 5c Blue original, Perf 11½ [ . ]

Comares 5c Blue, but name in Black [ . ]

Comares 5c Brown original, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - name (Comares) Double [ . ]
- ditto - name (Comares) printed very low, outside the cartouche [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf between horizontally, vertical pair [ . ]
- ditto - Oval 'o' in 'Comares' [ . ]
There are numerous shades of this stamp, even in the same sheet, as illustrated in the horizontal pair above.

Comares 5c Wine-Red, original, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - Oval 'o' in 'Comares' [ . ]

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Comares 5c Orange reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Comares 5c Blue reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Comares 5c Violet reprint, Imperf [ . ]

We have not seen reprints in Brown [ . ] but they may exist perf and/or imperf ; the reprints shown may also exist perforated.

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Sellos Durcal - Provincia de Granada Province stamps

Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Durcal Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Durcal Spanish Espana Guerra Civil War Durcal
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Durcal 5c Tram on Bridge (Puente de Lata) in Black-Brown, Red & Yellow. Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - offset of Black printing [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf [ . ]
Stamps are found displaying significant red shifts, either vertically or horizontally.

Durcal 5c Tram on Bridge (Puente de Lata) in BLUE. Perf. [ . ]
We have not seen this stamp in blue, nor is it listed in Edifil, and speculate that such a stamp might be a proof.

The stamp shows a tram, not a train. The tramway closed in 1976 but the bridge, known as the Puente de Lata, 199 metres long and over 50 metres high, continues to be used by pedestrians and cyclists. Click here (opens in a new tab) to visit an interesting page showing images of the tramway.

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Sellos El Burgo - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Ferrocarril Tren El Burgo Guerra Civil

Original in Blue.

Ferrocarril Tren El Burgo Guerra Civil

Ferrocarril Tren El Burgo Guerra Civil Ferrocarril Tren El Burgo Guerra Civil Ferrocarril Tren El Burgo Guerra Civil
Reprints: The middle stamp in the row immediately above is perforated (poor definition in the scan).

Reprints : Blue Perf; Blue Imperf; Deep Brown Imperf **; Chestnut-Brown Imperf; Violet Perf; Violet Imperf. We have not seen any obvious differences in font for the town names between originals and reprints for this town, although the letters are sharper in the originals. Nearly all the reprints that we have seen have been on yellowish paper, whereas the original blue stamp is on white paper. Exceptionally, we have seen the Violet Imperforate stamp on white paper. The two perforated reprints that we have seen have both been very poorly perforated.
** We have handled a chestnut-brown imperf reprint but our listing of the deep brown imperf is based only on a scan and the colour may therefore not have been 'true'.

El Burgo 5c Blue, ORIGINAL, Perf. [ . ]

El Burgo 5c Blue, reprint, Perf [ . ]
El Burgo 5c Blue, reprint, Imperf [ . ]

El Burgo 5c Deep Brown, reprint, Imperf [ . ] (to be confirmed)
El Burgo 5c Chestnut-Brown, reprint, Imperf [ . ]

El Burgo 5c Violet, reprint, Perf [ . ]
El Burgo 5c Violet, reprint, Imperf [ . ]

We have not seen reprints in Red [ . ] but they may exist perf and/or imperf ; the brown reprint(s) may also exist perforated.
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Sellos El Masnou - Provincia de Barcelona Province stamps

Spain Spanish Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War El Masnou stamps Spain Spanish Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War El Masnou stamps

Spain Spanish Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War El Masnou stamps Spain Spanish Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War El Masnou stamps

In (El) Masnou, the railway runs right along the beach and the stamps show the railway tracks clearly. We have also shown two postcard views of the beach with railway tracks and the station a little further along the coast.
The stamps were all issued in sheetlets/10, comprising five tęte-bęche pairs. with outer margins of the sheetlets imperforate.

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Spain Spanish Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War El Masnou stamps

Spain Spanish Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War El Masnou stamps Spain Spanish Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War El Masnou stamps

Above: Set/10 and detail scans showing correct value, 0,75 and Error in Value 07,5 - which occurs once per sheetlet/10.
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El Masnou Railway Tracks 0,05 Pta Mustard, value in Blue, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/10 [ . ]

El Masnou Railway Tracks 0,10 Pta Brown, value in Blue, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/10 [ . ]

El Masnou Railway Tracks 0,15 Pta Grey, value in Blue, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/10 [ . ]

El Masnou Railway Tracks 0,25 Pta Violet, value in Red, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/10 [ . ]

El Masnou Railway Tracks 0,40 Pta Blue, value in Red, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/10 [ . ]

El Masnou Railway Tracks 0,75 Pta Violet-Brown, value in Red, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/10 (The 07,5 variety is present on the entire printing) [ . ]

El Masnou Railway Tracks Error in Value 07,5 Pta Violet-Brown, value in Red, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - in vertical tęte-bęche pair with normal. [ . ]

El Masnou Railway Tracks 1 Pta Green, value in Red, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/10 [ . ]

El Masnou Railway Tracks 1,50 Pts Grey, value in Red, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/10 [ . ]

El Masnou Railway Tracks 2 Pts Orange-Yellow, value in Blue, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/10 [ . ]

El Masnou Railway Tracks 3 Pts Red, value in Blue, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - vertical tęte-bęche pair. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/10 [ . ]

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Sellos ESTEPONA - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Estepona Sellos Postales Guerra Civil
Above, a full sheet/16 for Estepona. We have been shown three full sheets of Estepona and the originals all lack the variety 'damaged right frame line' in the Type 1 Positions (R.1,1 & 1,3). However, as mentioned in introductory Note 5 at the top of this Civil War section, the reprints in Type 1 do have the 'small angled line' feature of the Type 1 reprints.
Note that the stamp in Position 16 (Row 4,4) has the (constant) surcharge variety '938' for '1938'.

Estepona Sellos Postales Guerra Civil

Estepona Sellos Postales Guerra Civil
Originals in Brown, including several overprinted stamps.

Estepona Sellos Postales Guerra Civil Estepona Sellos Postales Guerra Civil

Originals overprinted 1938 etc., bottom right stamp of each block of 4 with '1' of '1938' omitted (poor scans).

Estepona Sellos Postales Guerra Civil

Reprints in the four colours we know to have been used for the c.1950s reprints for Estepona.
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Estepona Sellos Postales Guerra Civil Estepona Sellos Postales Guerra Civil

Identifying ESTEPONA reprints by font :
Original (blue) : Bottom bars of the letters 'E' are longer than the other bars on the 'E'; the 'A' has a serif at the top.
Reprint (black) : The bars of the letters 'E' are equal in length; the 'A' has no serif.

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Estepona 5c Red-Brown, original, Perf [ . ]

Estepona 5c Blue, reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Estepona 5c Brown, reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Estepona 5c Red, reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Estepona 5c Violet, reprint, Imperf [ . ]

We have not seen perforated reprints in any of these colours.

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Original stamps overprinted Aniversario / Liberacion / 14 Enero 1938

This overprint was applied both in black and in red. We are not aware of any reprints of the overprints.

Overprinted in BLACK :
Estepona 5c optd in Black, original, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - '1' of '1938' omitted (R.4,4) [ . ]
- ditto - Overprint Inverted [ . ]
- ditto - Overprint Inverted & '1' of '1938' omitted (R.1,1) [ . ]
- ditto - Overprint Double, one inverted [ . ]
- ditto - Overprint Double, One Inverted & '1' of '1938' omitted [ . ]

Overprinted in RED :
Estepona 5c optd in Red, original, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - '1' of '1938' omitted (R.4,4) [ . ]
- ditto - Overprint Inverted [ . ]
- ditto - Overprint Inverted & '1' of '1938' omitted (R.1,1) [ . ]

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Sellos Euzkadi / Euskadi Stamps: The Basque name for the Basque Country, which comprises the Provinces of Álava, Biscay and Gipuzkoa.

The usual current spelling of this town is Euskadi, but the stamps are surcharged Euzkadi. These are a Nationalist issue, surcharged on Spanish Post Office 1936 Asociacion de la Prensa stamps (q.v.).
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Euzkadi Euskadi Spain Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War stamps Euzkadi Euskadi Spain Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War stamps Euzkadi Euskadi Spain Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War stamps
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Euskadi / Euzkadi 75c / 2c Brown, surcharge in Blue. Tramcar. Perf [ . ]
Euskadi / Euzkadi 75c / 75Pts / 2c Brown, surcharge in Blue, further surcharge in Red. Tramcar. Perf [ . ]
Euskadi / Euzkadi 4 Pts / 10c Green, surcharge in Red. Tramcar. Perf [ . ]

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Sellos Gaucin - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Gaucin Spain Civil War stamps Gaucin Spain Civil War stamps

Original stamp in Blue, town name in Black, and an apparently imperforate example, status to be confirmed.

Gaucin Spain Civil War stamps Gaucin Spain Civil War stamps Gaucin Spain Civil War stamps

Reprints in Blue (imperf), Violet (imperf), Brown (perf) and Brown (imperf). There are no obvious font differences between the originals and the reprints.

We have not seen the imperforate stamp in blue, with name in black, shown alongside the original perforated stamp and have therefore been unable to check whether it is on original paper. The margins in the scan may just be sufficient to prove it to be a true imperforate.

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Gaucin 5c Blue (name in Black) original, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - Imperforate original (status to be confirmed) [ . ]

Gaucin 5c Blue (name in Black) reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Gaucin 5c Violet reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Gaucin 5c Brown reprint, Perf [ . ]
Gaucin 5c Brown reprint, Imperf [ . ]

We have not seen reprints in Red [ . ] but it may exist perf and/or imperf ; the blue and violet reprints may also exist perforated.
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Sellos Genalguacil - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Genalguacil Spain Civil War stamps Genalguacil Spain Civil War stamps Genalguacil Spain Civil War stamps

Original stamp in Violet; Original town name; Reprint town name.

Identifying Genalguacil reprints by font :
Original : The upstroke on the right of the letter 'G' is half the height of the letter; the 'e' appears italic.
Reprint : The upstroke on the right of the letter 'G' is very short; the 'e' is normal, not tilted upwards as in the original.

Genalguacil Spain Civil War stamps Genalguacil Spain Civil War stamps

Above: Reprints in Violet, Brown and Blue.

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Genalguacil 5c Violet original, Perf [ . ]

Genalguacil 5c Blue reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Genalguacil 5c Brown reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Genalguacil 5c Violet reprint, Perf [ . ]
Genalguacil 5c Violet reprint, Imperf [ . ]

We have not seen reprints in Red [ . ] but it may exist perf and/or imperf; the blue and brown reprints may also exist perforated.
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Sellos Istan - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Istan Spain Guerra Civil War stamps

Original stamp in Blue but a poorish quality scan. There is no accent on the 'a' of 'Istan'. If this is a common feature of all the original stamps, then it is a simple marker for identifying originals from reprints.

Istan Spain Guerra Civil War stamps Istan Spain Guerra Civil War stamps

Above: Reprints in Blue, Violet, Brown, all with an accent on the 'a' of 'Istan'.

Istan 5c Blue (name in Black) original, Perf [ . ]
Istan 5c Brown, original, Perf [ . ]
We have never seen this stamp.

Istan 5c Blue reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Istan 5c Brown reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Istan 5c Violet reprint, Imperf [ . ]

We have not seen a reprint in Red [ . ] but it may exist perf and/or imperf ; the blue and brown and violet reprints may also exist perforated.
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Sellos Jimera de Libar - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Jimera de Libar sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Above: original stamp (in Violet)

Jimera de Libar sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Jimera de Libar sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Jimera de Libar sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Above: Reprints in Blue, Brown, Violet. We have not seen any obvious differences in font for the town names between originals and reprints for this town.
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Jimera de Libar 5c Violet original, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - (original) Imperf [ . ]

Jimera de Libar 5c Blue reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Jimera de Libar 5c Brown reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Jimera de Libar 5c Violet reprint, Imperf [ . ]

We have not seen reprints in Red [ . ] but it may exist perf and/or imperf ; the blue and brown and violet reprints may also exist perforated.
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Sellos Madrid - Provincia de Madrid Province stamps

Madrid Evacuados Evacuees sellos postales stamps Espana Spain Guerra Civil War

Madrid 10c Blue & Yellow-Brown Steam Train, Perf, [ . ]

Note: These stamps, ungummed, with circular or triangular punch-holes will typically come from the back of railway tickets, where they were affixed to raise money for the Colegio de Huerfanos de Ferroviarios. See Section 4 (in the non-Civil War part of our Spain article) for a scan of such usage.
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Madrid Evacuados Evacuees sellos postales stamps Espana Spain Guerra Civil War Madrid Evacuados Evacuees sellos postales stamps Espana Spain Guerra Civil War

Madrid Evacuados Evacuees sellos postales stamps Espana Spain Guerra Civil War Ferrocarriles Catalanes Madrid Evacuados Evacuees sellos postales stamps Espana Spain Guerra Civil War pro huerfanos evacuados Madrid sellos postales stamps Espana Spain Guerra Civil War

Pro-Huerfanos Ferroviarios Evacuados de Madrid = For Orphans of Railway Workers evacuated from Madrid.

Madrid 10c Black & Red, Madrid-Zaragoza-Alicante Railway, MZA, Steam Train, Perf 11½ x 11 [ . ]
- ditto - MZA : Black & Rose, Perf 11 [ . ]

In additon to the differences in colour, the stamps Perf. 11½ x 11 are on a slightly brownish paper with brownish gum, whilst the Perf. 11 stamps are on almost white paper with white gum.

Madrid 10c Black & Red, MZA , Steam Train Black & Red, heavily worn plate [ . ]

Madrid 10c Black & Red, Ferrocarril NORTE , Steam Train, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf. [ . ]

Madrid 5c Carmine & Black, Ferrocarriles Catalanes , Electric Multiple Unit Train, Perf [ . ] (Rare)
Madrid 10c Carmine & Black, Ferrocarriles Catalanes , Electric Multiple Unit Train, Perf [ . ]

Madrid 10c Red & Black, MZA, MILICIAS ANTIFASCISTAS , Steam Train, Perf. [ . ]

Ferrocarriles Madrid Evacuados Evacuees sellos postales stamps Espana Spain Guerra Civil War
A Block of 40 of the Ferrocarril Norte - an impressive sight!

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Sellos Manilva - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Manilva sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Above: original stamp in Wine-Red Perf and Imperf.

Manilva sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Manilva sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Above: Reprints in Blue, Brown, Violet. We have not seen any obvious differences in font for the town names between originals and reprints for this town.
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Manilva 5c Wine-Red (name in brown) original, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - (original) Imperf [ . ]
Note: Of all the original stamps imperforate, Manilva seems much the most common and, in our opinion, is not worthy of the comparatively high catalogue value often ascribed to it. There are many perforated original stamps in this design from other towns which are much scarcer but which have far more modest catalogue values.

Manilva 5c Blue reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Manilva 5c Brown reprint, Perf [ . ]
Manilva 5c Brown reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Manilva 5c Violet reprint, Imperf [ . ]

We have not seen any reprints in Red [ . ] but they may exist perf and/or imperf ; the blue and violet reprints may also exist perforated.
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Sellos Montcada y Reixac - Provincia de Barcelona Province stamps

Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War
Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War
Lower scan, a block/4 Imperf x Perf (railway trucks design).

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We examine the stamps issued in sheets/25 first, which are in different colours to stamps from sheetlets.

The designs:
Railways Tracks: This stamp is inscribed lightly 'MONTCADA' and shows several tracks close to a railway junction.

Bridge design: The bridge in the foreground carries the railway between Vic and Puigcerdŕ. The stamp is (very lightly) inscribed 'RIO RIPOLL', which is the river that the bridge spans. You can see a modern picture of a train on this bridge at: Modern View (opens in new tab)

Factory and Trucks design (vertical format): This shows two railway trucks immediately above the word 'Ajuntamente' in the design; this is quite probably a view of today's Cimentera Lafarge, which still has adjacent railway tracks, although we have not been able to establish whether the factory itself is still served by the railway. The stamp is very lightly, and unclearly, inscribed 'EL CIMENT'. The ownership and name of this cement factory in the 1930s is not known to us, but it appears to be Swiss-owned currently.

Stamps from sheets/25:
Montcada y Reixac 5c Railway Tracks in Brown & Blue, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf. [ . ]

Montcada y Reixac 5c Railway Bridge in Green & Red, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf. [ . ]

Montcada y Reixac 5c Railway Trucks at Factory in Purple & Violet, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf x Perf (error, illustrated below) [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf. [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf in vertical tęte-bęche pair (from uncut printers' sheets?, Guillamon 907a) [ . ]

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Stamps issued is sheetlets/4 of the same design, cut from printer's sheets of 16, formed of 4 sheetlets.
These same designs were issued again, this time printed in sheets/16 with wide spacing between each group of four stamps. These sheets/16 were usually cut down into their four panes/4, but uncut sheets of 4 sheetlets are occasionally encountered. See below for two examples of uncut sheets.

All three of the railway-related designs in sheetlets come in two bi-colour combinations, but in all cases in different colours to the sheet stamps issued in sheets/25. The sheetlet colour combinations are as follows:

Railway Tracks Design sheetlets: Most commonly in Yellow-Orange & Black; also in Red and Black (much scarcer).
Railway Bridge Design sheetlets: Most commonly in Red & Black; also in Blue & Black (scarcer).
Trucks/Factory Design sheetlets: Most commonly in Blue & Black; also in Red & Black (scarcer).

Marginal Text Layout for all the Uncut Sheetlets, illustrated using Railway Tracks design sheetlets:
Each pane of four was numbered (above the four stamps) but in a manner which produced three different sheetlets/4 from each sheet/16 stamps in terms of the spelling and colouring of 'Num', as follows:

The text ' Núm ...... ' appeared twice in Black with an accent on the u (Núm......), once in Black without accent on the u (Num......) and once in the colour (other than black) in which the stamps were printed (with accent).

Examination of uncut sheets/16 reveal that the printed text 'Núm ......' in Black occurs in the North-West and South-East positions, 'Num ......' without accent is in the South-West corner and 'Núm ...... ' in the second colour of each printing is in the North-East corner, whilst the sheet numbering itself is in Black in all cases, as shown below.

Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Above: Uncut printers' sheet of 4 sheetlets/4 in the 'railway tracks' design (both colours, the much scarcer one on the right)
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Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Above : Detail scans of 'Núm . . .' or 'Num . . .' from the uncut sheet of four sheetlets in the orange & black 'tracks' design, arranged NW (North-West), NE, SW, SE.
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Tracks Design Sheetlets:
Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

There is quite a wide range of shades of the first sheetlet with the colour ranging from yellow to brownish-orange (& black). We have just used Yellow-Orange as a description. The Deep Red (& Black), however, is distinctly different to all of these and appears to be scarcer than all the other stamps of these issues. .

Montcada y Reixac 5c Railway Tracks in Yellow-Orange & Black sheetlet/4, Núm ...... in Black, Imperf. [ . ] Several shades.
- ditto - but Num ...... in Black without accent. [ . ] Several shades.
- ditto - but Núm ...... in Yellow-Orange. [ . ] Several shades.
- ditto - Sheet/16 (containing 4 sheetlets with all three types). [ . ] Several shades.

Montcada y Reixac 5c Railway Tracks in Deep Red & Black sheetlet/4, Núm ...... in Black, Imperf. [ . ]
- ditto - but Num ...... in Black without accent. [ . ]
- ditto - but Núm ...... in Red. [ . ]
- ditto - Sheet/16 (containing 4 sheetlets with all three types). [ . ]

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Bridge Design Sheetlets:
Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Detail scans of the three types of 'Num' for the bridge design in red and black.
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Montcada y Reixac 5c Bridge in Red & Black sheetlet/4, Núm ...... in Black, Imperf. [ . ]
- ditto - but Num ...... in Black without accent. [ . ]
- ditto - but Núm ...... in Red. [ . ]
- ditto - Sheet/16 (containing 4 sheetlets with all three types). [ . ]

Montcada y Reixac 5c Bridge in Blue & Black sheetlet/4, Núm ...... in Black, Imperf. [ . ]
- ditto - but Num ...... in Black without accent. [ . ]
- ditto - but Núm ...... in Blue. [ . ]
- ditto - Sheet/16 (containing 4 sheetlets with all three types) [ . ]

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Trucks Design Sheetlets:
Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Montcada y Reixac 5c Railway Trucks at Factory in Turquoise & Black sheetlet/4, Núm ...... in Black, Imperf. [ . ]
- ditto - but Num ...... in Black without accent. [ . ]
- ditto - but Núm ...... in Blue. [ . ]
- ditto - Sheet/16 (containing 4 sheetlets with all three types). [ . ]

Montcada y Reixac 5c Railway Trucks at Factory in Red & Black sheetlet/4, Núm ...... in Black, Imperf. [ . ]
- ditto - but Num ...... in Black without accent. [ . ]
- ditto - but Núm ...... in Red. [ . ]
- ditto - Sheet/16 (containing 4 sheetlets with all three types) [ . ]

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Several of these Montcada y Reixac sheets / sheetlets are found with a very strong offset; some may well be printers' waste. We have not attempted to list these but we illustrate examples below for information:
Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War
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Stamps in a similar design:
Montcada y Reixac sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

For sheetlets, as above, inscribed Republica Espanola with each stamp denominated 1 Pta., see under 'Barcelona' in this section.

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Sellos Montejaque - Provincia de Málaga Province

Montejaque Derechos y Tasas Spain Guerra Civil War stamps Montejaque Derechos y Tasas Spain Guerra Civil War stamps

These are local revenue (fiscal) stamps and the only revenue usage we know for this design and therefore included here for convenience. Theya are surcharged 25c and 50c respectively in addition to the overprint DERECHOS y TASAS (Fees and Taxes). Montejaque is a small town a few kilometres west of Ronda. We do not have any information to suggest that this small town ever used a stamp in this design for postal purposes and, therefore, the availability of such stamps to create municipal revenues is certainly a little mysterious.

Montejauqe 25c/5c Blue (name in Black) DERECHOS y TASAS, Perf [ . ]

Montejaque 50c/5c Brown-Red (name in Black) DERECHOS y TASAS, Perf [ . ]
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Sellos Nerja - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

One design from this town is widely collected by railway thematic collectors. It certainly appears to show railway tracks, although we have not been able to find evidence of a railway or tramway in this town. However, as the stamp is so poorly produced, there is also no conclusive evidence that it necessarily shows the sea-front at Nerja and we have therefore included this design in this article.

Nerja sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Nerja sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Nerja sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Nerja 10c Green, Red & Brown, Railway Tracks, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf
** [ . ]

Nerja 10c Brown, Railway Tracks, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf
** [ . ]

** Many imperforate stamps offered on the market are cut from the miniature sheets. The single-colour perforated stamp in Brown from full sheets has imprint 'Lit. E MOLINA' below the stamp and this imprint is naturally also present on genuine Imperforate stamps from full sheets. Absence of the imprint on this stamp in Brown indicates that it has been cut from miniature sheets, some of which have this stamp in Brown only, rather than the normal three-colour versions.

The scan of the stamp below is something of a mystery, as we do not believe the miniature sheets are found perforated. More information on this would be welcome; for the present, we are assuming that it is a private perforation.

Nerja sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

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Nerja sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War stamps Spanish Nerja sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Nerja sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Nerja sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War
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Nerja m/s, Urgente stamp with yellow centre, 10c Railway Tracks 3-coloured, Imperf, numbered (the normal m/s) [ . ]
- ditto - un-numbered (assumed, not seen) [ . ]

Nerja m/s, Urgente stamp with yellow centre, 10c Railway Tracks in Brown only (variety), Imperf, numbered [ . ]
- ditto - un-numbered (assumed, not seen) [ . ]

Nerja m/s, Urgente stamp with white centre (variety), 10c Railway Tracks 3-coloured, Imperf, numbered [ . ]
- ditto - un-numbered [ . ]

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Sellos Novelda - Provincia de Alicante Province stamps

Novelda sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War
Image (and text) Source: Edifil 2012 Tomo II de los Sellos Locales de la Guerra Civil Espanola 1936-1939.

Novelda 5c Blue Steam locomotive [ . ]
Novelda 50c Blue Steam locomotive [ . ]

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Sellos Riogordo - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Riogordo sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Above: Blue and milky-blue shades of the original Riogordo stamps.

Identifying Riogordo reprints by font :
There are no easily defined variations in the town name between the original stamps and the reprints which are applicable to all the stamps. Variations do occur on some stamps but listing these as identifying features could be misleading. The paper test is the best.

Riogordo sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Riogordo sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Above: Reprints in Blue, Brown & Violet.

Riogordo 5c Blue (name in blue) original, Perf (shades) [ . ]

Riogordo 5c Blue reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Riogordo 5c Brown reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Riogordo 5c Violet reprint, Imperf [ . ]

We have not seen reprints in Red [ . ] but they may exist perf and/or imperf ; the blue and brown and violet reprints may also exist perforated.
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Sellos Riotinto - Provincia de Huelva Province stamps

Riotinto is an enormous and ancient mining area and the name is that of its river which runs red with iron and copper deposits. The mining would presumably have relied heavily on railways in the last 150 years, hence, no doubt, the steam locomotive in the stamp design.

Riogordo sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Riogordo sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War
Riogordo sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

In the pair shown above, the right stamp shows the 'figure 5' variety. Stamps printed in sheets/36 (6x6) with all outer edges imperforate.

Riogordo 5c Rose - steam locomotive [ . ]
Riogordo 5c Carmine - steam locomotive [ . ]
- ditto - crescent instead of '5' for figure of value [ . ]

The mine today is a tourist attraction with a working railway and some rusting steam locomotives. If you put 'riotinto ferrocarril espana' in your browser and click on images, there is a wide selection of pictures available online.

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Sellos Sayalonga - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Sayalonga sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Sayalonga sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Above: Originals in Violet and Blue. Note the narrow, perhaps italic-font, 'S' in 'Sayalonga' in the two left-hand stamps in the block/4, whilst the other two have normal 'S' in this block/4 original stamps. This demonstrates that identifying reprints purely by font variations can be an imprecise science, unless you have a large selection of original stamps for comparison.

Although perhaps not obvious from the scans below, close examination of the 'l' in 'Sayalonga' on some of the reprints reveal a tapered letter, narrowing at the foot, but this is not a feature on all reprints.

Sayalonga sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Sayalonga sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Sayalonga sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Sayalonga sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Above: Reprints in Orange, Brown, Blue & Violet, all Imperf, and Orange (perf).

Sayalonga 5c Blue, original, Perf [ . ]
Sayalonga 5c Violet, original, Perf [ . ]

Sayalonga 5c Blue reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Sayalonga 5c Brown reprint, Perf [ . ]
Sayalonga 5c Brown reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Sayalonga 5c Violet reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Sayalonga 5c Red-Brown reprint, Perf [ . ]
Sayalonga 5c Red-Brown reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Sayalonga 5c Orange reprint, Perf [ . ]
Sayalonga 5c Orange reprint, Imperf [ . ]

Perforated reprints in the other colours may exist.

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Sellos TEBA - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Teba sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Above: Original in Blue.

Teba sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Teba sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Teba sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Above: Reprints in Blue, Dark Brown, Chestnut-Brown & Violet, all Imperf. Examination of the fonts of originals and reprints have not revealed any identifiably different features at all.

Teba 5c Blue, name in Blue, original, Perf [ . ]
Teba 5c Brown, original, Perf (no scan available) [ . ]
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Teba 5c Blue reprint, Perf [ . ]
Teba 5c Blue reprint, Imperf [ . ]

Teba 5c Dark Brown reprint, Perf [ . ]
Teba 5c Dark Brown reprint, Imperf [ . ]

Teba 5c Chestnut-Brown reprint, Perf [ . ]
Teba 5c Chestnut-Brown reprint, Imperf [ . ]

Teba 5c Violet reprint, Perf [ . ]
Teba 5c Violet reprint, Imperf [ . ]

We have not seen reprints in Red [ . ] and, given that there are two different brown reprints for this town, there may not be a red one as well.
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Sellos Villanueva de Tapia - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps

Villanueva de Tapia sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Villanueva de Tapia sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Villanueva de Tapia sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Above : Originals in Blue & Blue (2), Blue & Black, Brown & Black, Violet & Violet

Villanueva de Tapia sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Given the small size of the above, there is the possibility that the perforations have been cut off.

Villanueva de Tapia in Blue (shades), name in Blue, original [ . ]
- ditto - but Imperf (see text above) [ . ]
Villanueva de Tapia in Blue, name in Black, original [ . ]
Villanueva de Tapia in Brown, name in Black, original [ . ]
Villanueva de Tapia in Violet, name in Violet, original [ . ]
Villanueva de Tapia in Carmine, name assumed to be in Carmine, original [ . ]
(not seen by us)

We can find no consistent font difference between originals and reprints for this town.

Villanueva de Tapia sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Villanueva de Tapia sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War Villanueva de Tapia sellos postales stamps Spain Guerra Civil War

Reprints in Violet, Blue, Orange & Black

Villanueva de Tapia 5c Blue, reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Villanueva de Tapia 5c Dark Brown, reprint, Perf [ . ]
Villanueva de Tapia 5c Chestnut Brown, reprint, Perf [ . ]
Villanueva de Tapia 5c Chestnut Brown, reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Villanueva de Tapia 5c Violet, reprint, Perf [ . ]
Villanueva de Tapia 5c Violet, reprint, Imperf [ . ]
Villanueva de Tapia 5c Orange (name in Black), reprint, Imperf [ . ]

We have not seen reprints in Red [ . ] and, given that there is an orange reprint for this town, there may not be a red one as well. The five reprints listed above, variously perf or imperf, may also exist in the alternative form.

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Repeated Table from above for fast links back up this section

Back to Top of Section
Alozaina Ardales Arriate Asturias y Leon
Barcelona Benarrabas Bilbao Burgos
Comares Durcal
El Burgo El Masnou Estepona Euzkadi
Gaucin Genalguacil
Istan Jimera de Libar
Madrid - Evacuados Manilva Montcada y Reixac Montejaque
Nerja Novelda Riogordo Riotinto
Sayalonga Teba Villanueva de Tapia
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