Philately : Spain : Spanish Stamps: Trams and Railways
Espana - Sellos Postales : Tranvías y Ferrocarriles 1883-1948

Important Note regarding scans in this article : The scans in this article come from many different scanners, resulting in quite inaccurate and varied colour reproduction. Unless otherwise stated, comparison of colours of the scans in this article should be considered an unreliable guide with regard to identifying shades.

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf 1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 4Pts Air Gaucin Spain Civil War stamps Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War Espana Spain Stamp sellos postales Billetes por Kilometros
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Structure & Order of this Article:

The article has 7 main sections, each colour-coded for ease of reference. As an example, the words 'Section 1' immediately below are in bright greenish-blue. This colour is found again in the left panel for the clickable internal page link to Section 1 and the whole section is surrounded by a greenish-blue frame-line.

Section 1: Railway Telegraph Stamps 1883- ; Telegrafos Particulares (Ferrocarriles Andaluces).

Section 2: Postage Stamps 1930-1948 (specialised). Sellos Postales 1930-1948 (especializado).

Section 3: Spanish Civil War : Local Issues for Towns and Villages (Nationalist & Republican); Guerra civil española: Sellos locales para ciudades y aldeas ('patriotico' y republicano).
! ! ! This section has been moved to a separate webpage. We have provided a link to the new page between Sections 2 and 4. (Clicking on Section 3 in the left panel will take you to the link.) ! ! !

Section 4 : School for Orphans of Railway Workers charity stamps. Sellos de caridad : Colegio de Huerfanos de Ferroviarios.

Section 5 : Civil War: Political Labels, Propaganda and other, including Russian (Soviet) pro-Republican vignettes. Guerra Civil : Sellos políticos, propaganda y otras, incluidas las viñetas pro republicanas rusas (soviéticas). .

Section 6 : Revenue / Fiscal Impuesto Muncipal Madrid.

Section 7 : Cinderella Otras viñetas.

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Section 1: Railway Telegraph Stamps 1883- . . . . . . . . . Telegrafos Particulares (Ferrocarriles Andaluces) 1883-.

We have been unable to find any studies or research published on these scarce, and in some cases, rare Railway Telegraph stamps. The issue date usually assigned to all of them is 1883, the first issue date, but this may simply be due to lack of any accurate records being kept.

There were two railway companies in Andalucia which issued their own Telegraph Stamps, the 'Ferrocariles Andaluces' and the 'Ferrocarril de Bobadilla a Algeciras', the stamps being listed in Edifil. In over 40 years, we have never seen any stamp being offered from the Ferrocarril de Bobadilla a Algeciras.

The stamps of both railways were printed in sheets of 100 by typography with the sheet position (1-100, probably arranged 10x10) forming part of the main design. These are very simple stamps with just a boxed text and the printers were not particularly careful, resulting in numerous varieties in the text, perhaps most noticeably a wrong accent on 'Num' and the omission of the stop on the bottom line after the numeral. Over the years, we have retained scans of many of these stamps which have either passed through our hands or that we have spotted online, and we have decided to display here all the positions of each stamp for which we have scans. We hope these scans will assist anyone trying to expand the study on these scarce stamps.

We have noted one or two varieties in the text below the scans, but, due to the potential number of varieties, we have generally not attempted to list these in our catalogue-style listings (in green).

The 'Ferrocarriles Andaluces' stamps are usually listed as having 4 issues but there are two frame-line styles found in both the First and Second issues. We have not been able to establish with certainty whether these two styles come from sheets with a single mixed setting or from two different sheet settings, nor have we found any mention of these two distinct frame-line styles elsewhere. It seems highly probable to us that these two arrangements of the frame-lines are from the same sheet, but, in order to prove this, we would need to find a multiple showing both frame-line types se-tenant. Alternatively, different settings would be suggested if we were to discover two stamps from the same sheet position with different frame-lines, but this is something which, to date, we have not encountered.
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Ferrocarriles Andaluces : FIRST Issue : Stamps IMPERFORATE

As just mentioned, there are two distinct frame-line styles on the stamps associated with the First Issue, with either vertical or horizontal frame-lines on the outside.
Note: The dotted lines were presumably provided simply to assist employees in separating stamps with scissors.

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf

Left stamp (Posn 53. shown) : Vertical frame-lines inside. . . Right stamp (Posn. 64 shown) : Vertical frame-lines outside. We have only shown the top left corner of the stamps, but they are different in all four corners, as can be seen in the scans below.

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf
Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf

Above: Examples of the 10c Imperf. Note: Num 2 and Num 53 have the wrong accent on the 'u'. There is no stop after Num 41

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Imperf Railway telegraph 1P Imperf Spanish Railway Telegraph stamps Ferrocarriles Andaluces telegrafos 1P Imperf Railway telegraph 1P Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Imperf
Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Imperf timbres-poste d'Espagne Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Imperf

Above: Examples of the 1 Peseta Imperf. Note that Num 25 has the wrong accent on the 'u'.

10c Blue Imperforate with Vertical frame-lines inside [ . ]
10c Blue Imperforate with Vertical frame-lines outside [ . ]

1 Peseta Red Imperforate with Vertical frame-lines inside [ . ]
1 Peseta Red Imperforate with Vertical frame-lines outside [ . ]
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Evidence of apparent use of same plates / formes for both values of the Imperforate Stamps:
Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Railway telegraph 1P Imperf Espana sellos telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Railway telegraph 1P Imperf

We have images of both the 10c and 1 Pta for positions 43 and 64. Whilst there are small differences in some letters which appear simply to be the result of poorly-cleaned printing plates or formes, it is noticeable that there are significant features common to each position which are not generally present in other plate positions of this issue:
Position 43: The letter 'A' of 'Andaluces' is too low and the first 'i' in 'Servicio' is damaged at the foot. We have shown detail scans of this feature alongside.
Position 64: There are few text points of interest, but the hyphen between Te and legrafos is concave in both cases. The frame lines (with vertical lines outside) appear identical.

This would certainly seem to suggest that the same plates/formes were used for the Imperforate 10c and 1 Pta, with only the words of value amended.

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Ferrocarriles Andaluces : SECOND Issue : Stamps Perf 13½. Design: THIN frame lines on all four sides.

Again, and once more not mentioned in any catalogue that we have seen, there are the two distinct frame-line styles on the stamps of the Second Issue, with either vertical or horizontal frame-lines on the outside. We have seen examples of both frame-line formats on both the 10c and 1 Pta values of this issue.

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Perf 13.5 Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Perf 13.5

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Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1883
Above: First and Second Issue 10c stamps, both from Position 53.

Based on the stamps we have seen, we think it unlikely that any of the Second Issue are perforated remainders of the First Issue. However, we have only one sheet position of a First Issue to compare with the same position of the Second Issue, see scans above. Comparing these, the accent on 'Num' could have been corrected, of course, but there are enough other small differences for us to adopt the view for the present time that the Second Issue is an entirely new setting. As with the First Issue, we lack the information with regard to whether the 'frames inside' and 'frames outside' styles come from a single setting or from two different settings and this can only be resolved by finding the same evidence as is needed to establish this matter with the First Issue.

Another question is whether the same plate, with value changed, was used for the 10c and the 1 Pta? We have yet to see examples of the 10c and 1 Pta of the Second Issue from the same sheet position in order to form a view on this.

These stamps are all scarce and part of a small number of jig-saw puzzles. They are very simple puzzles, only 100 pieces per puzzle, all numbered. Unfortunately, we have a lot of missing pieces!

We invite you to check any of these stamps that you possess against those that we have shown below in order to see if you can shed any light on the many questions about these stamps. If you have ANY Ferrocarriles Andaluces telegraph stamps from any issue that are different from those shown in this article, we would like to add the images to this article so that, in time, hopefully, the full story of these stamps will reveal itself and the 'ifs and maybes' can be removed from this part of the article. Please send us an email (and scans) and share your discoveries.

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Perf 13.5 Francobolli Spagna Ferrovia Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Perf 13.5 Railway telegraph Andaluces 10c Perf 13.5 Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1883

Railway telegraph Andaluces 10c Perf 13.5 Railway telegraph Andaluces 10c Perf 13.5 Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Perf 13.5

Above: Examples of the 10c Perf 13½. Positions 7 and 66 have vertical frame-lines outside. We show two examples from Position 66, although they seem clearly to be from the same setting, judging by the break in the line under the 'f' of 'Telegrafos'.

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Perf 13.5 Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Perf 13.5 Railway Telegraph Stamps Spain Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Perf 13.5 Telegrafos Particulares Andaluces Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Perf 13.5

Andalucia Railway Telegraph Andalucia Railway Telegraph Briefmarken Spanien Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Perf 13.5 Briefmarken Spanien Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Perf 13.5 Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Perf 13.5

Above: Examples of the 1 Peseta Perf 13½. Positions 8, 58, 88 and 98 have vertical frame-lines outside.

10c Blue Perf 13½ with Vertical frame-lines inside [ . ]
10c Blue Perf 13½ with Vertical frame-lines outside [ . ]

1 Peseta Red Perf 13½ with Vertical frame-lines inside [ . ]
1 Peseta Red Perf 13½ with Vertical frame-lines outside [ . ]

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Ferrocarriles Andaluces : THIRD Issue : Stamps Perf 13½. Design: Two thick frame-lines & Two thin frame-lines.

This is a very scarce issue, and the number of scans we are providing is in keeping with the scarcity. We have only seen examples of this issue from position 3 and 90. The 10c stamps of the Third Issue are distinctive also due to their being printed in Black, the only issue produced in this colour.
We have not seen any of the 1 Peseta stamps in Red of this issue but currently have no reason to think that they have any close relationship to any of the other issues.

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c 3rd issue Spain Railway telegraph stamps

Above: Examples of the 10c with two thick frame-lines and two thin frame-lines.

10c Black Perf 13½ with two thick & two thin frame-lines [ . ]
1 Peseta Red Perf 13½ with two thick and two thin frame-lines [ . ]

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Ferrocarriles Andaluces : FOURTH Issue : Stamps Perf 13½. Design: Thick frame-lines all round.

There is only a 10c value for this design. The Edifil catalogue gives two colours, Dark Blue and Ultramarine. For the illustrations, we have not attempted to separate them, firstly because we do not trust the colours of all the scans to be true and, secondly, because study of the types is easier when they are taken together.

Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos

Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos

Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos
Note: Stamp #20 has the wrong accent on 'publico'. We have also seen this variety on stamp #9.

Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos

Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos

Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos

Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos

Above: Examples of the Fourth Issue.

Here we have sufficient material to confirm that the varieties are constant in each position. In the two stamps showing Num 24 (one in the block of 6), we have the low 'C' in F.C. and varying degrees of loss of the tops of the letters 'And' of Andaluces. In Num 64, of which there are two shown, both exhibit an inverted 's' in 'Andaluces'.

10c Dark Blue Perf 13½ with four thick frame-lines [ . ]
10c Ultramarine Perf 13½ with four thick frame-lines [ . ]
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Finally for the Ferrocarriles Andaluces, where we have scans of more than one example from any particular sheet position from any of the different issues, we have shown them alongside each other below (repeated from the above scans) in order to facilitate study of them.

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Perf 13.5 Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Perf 13.5 Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Imperf

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Railway telegraph 1P Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Perf 13.5

Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1883

sellos postales Ferrocarriles Andaluces 10c Imperf Ferrocarriles Andaluces 1P Imperf . . . and below . . .

Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos Spain railway telegraph stamps Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos

Andalucia Railway Telegraph Ferrocarriles Andaluces Telegrafos

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Ferrocarril de Bobadilla a Algeciras : Only Printing : Stamps Perf 11½.

As mentioned above, we have never seen any of these stamps, which for many years, perhaps based on the Glavez catalogue, identified the railway as Baeza to Algeciras, rather than the much more logical Bobadilla to Algeciras, a direct line that remains open today. All the information below is from the Edifil catalogue. We would love to add some more scans and details here. Can you help?

Ferrocarril de Bobadilla a Algeciras

5c Black [ . ]
10c Yellow-Green [ . ]
50c Sky-Blue [ . ]
1 Peseta Dark Red [ . ]
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Spain: Railway Postal History:

In the 19th Century, several railway companies marked their mail with pictorial handstamps, often incorporating an early steam locomotive. These are certainly most interesting and collectable, but outside the scope of this article, as is railway postal history in general.
FCA perfin : Over many decades the Ferrocarriles Andaluces punctured their stamps FCA to provide security from misuse or theft. They are quite commonly offered for sale. Perfins are also outside the scope of this article.
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* * * Special Note on Specimen Stamps applicable to the whole of Section 2 of this article. * * *

Spanish specimen stamps of the period come in several styles, although not all the styles listed below are found on all of the issues. All are collectable and are found in the Edifil specialized catalogue but we have been selective in this article in our coverage of these specimen stamps.

The following Specimen styles are INCLUDED in our listing.

Muestra Specimen Spain 1931 Postal Union Congress Spain 1931 Waterlow Salesman's Sample Specimen Espana Spain Muestra A000,000

1. Overprinted MUESTRA
2. Perforated with the word SPECIMEN
3. Overprinted WATERLOW & SONS LTD. / SPECIMEN, usually with small punch hole (stamp in unissued colours).
4. With Control Number A000,000 on the gummed side, usually in blue, applied vertically or horizontally.
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Specimen stamps identified solely by large or small punch-holes are EXCLUDED in our listing.

1931 Postal Union Congress Spain 1931 Postal Union Congress Spain 1931 Espana Congreso Postal

Above: Edifil 612ccMs, 613ccMas, 613ccMs in blocks/4, all with different applications of large-hole Specimen Punch.

Spanish stamps 1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 4p Spain Sellos Postales Espana 1931 Congreso Postal Francobolli Spagna Ferrovia 1931 Postal Union Congress Spain 1931 Espana Congreso Postal

Above: The punch hole is known in Spanish as 'taladro'. There are two main types of punch:

5. One medium-size punch hole, usually (but not always) fairly near the centre of the stamp.
6. With one or more corners showing an arc of quite a large punch hole. The three blocks/4 shown above, all from the same set and the same corner of the sheet, illustrate how randomly these punch holes covering four stamps seem to have been applied.

This article provides catalogue-style listing for specimen stamps in categories 1-4 but does not include categories 5/6, with one exception. One of two imperforate stamps are never found without 'taladro', so, exceptionally, we do include these imperforate stamps in our listings.

Our exclusion of taladro specimens impacts most on the 1931 Postal Union set, in which there are a very large number.

Note: Not all Spanish stamps with punch holes are specimens. During the 19th century, punch holes usually indicate telegraphic usage of the stamp, usually bringing down its market value significantly, but, by the 1930s, stamps with punch holes are almost invariably SPECIMEN stamps.

* * * End of Special Note on Specimen Stamps applicable throughout the Section below (Section 2) * * * .

Section 2: Postage Stamps 1930-1948 (specialised) including post office issue Charity stamps.
. . . . . . . . . Sellos Postales 1930-1948 (especializado) incluyendo Beneficencia

Note: The listing in Section 2 is chronological.
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1930 : XI Congreso Internacional de Ferrocarriles : 11th International Railway Congress.

This is an iconic railway thematic set, with 13 postage values, an express stamp and 6 airmail values. The set had a very low print run, with only 10,000 of the postage 10 Pesetas printed, and only around 25,000-50,000 printed for the low values of the postage set, explaining why even the low values are missing from many country collections of Spain. All catalogues seem to price the postage 1c-20c values at ridiculously low levels for their scarcity.

In Spain, the postage set is normally sold together with the express stamp but, elsewhere, these are sometimes sold separately. The airmails are most usually offered separately from the postage set. All stamps, except for the postage 1c and 2c have a control number (sheet number) in blue on the back, applied below the gum and therefore also present on used stamps. Stamps with control A000,000 on the back are Specimen Stamps, but again the 1c and 2c values do not exist with this underprint. Forgeries exist of the 10 Pesetas postage, the Express stamp and of all the Airmails; stamps with control A,000,000 can also be forgeries. Imperforate single stamps are reported for several values, but there is some doubt about their authenticity; they appear usually to be 'created' from stamps with the variety imperforate between stamp and margin, then cut down on the other three sides in order for them to appear to be imperforate all round. We have limited our listing of imperforate stamps for the moment to the 5c Airmail.

Espana Congreso Ferrocarriles 1930

1930 (10th May) : 11th International Railway Congress, Madrid : Postage :
1c Turquoise : Steam Locomotive [ . ]
2c Yellow-Green : Steam Locomotive [ . ]
5c Claret : Steam Locomotive [ . ]
10c Green : Steam Locomotive [ . ]
15c Blue-Green : Steam Locomotive [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf between horizontally (vertical pair) (scan below) [ . ]
20c Violet : Steam Locomotive [ . ]
25c Rose-Red : Steam Locomotive [ . ]
30c Sepia : Steam Locomotive [ . ]
40c Deep Blue : Steam Locomotive [ . ]
50c Orange : Steam Locomotive [ . ]
1 Pta Slate : Steam Locomotive [ . ]
4 Pts Rose-Carmine : Steam Locomotive [ . ]
10 Pts Yellow-Brown : Steam Locomotive [ . ]
- ditto - 'S' of 'FERROCARRILES' almost missing (as per scan above) [ . ]

20c Orange 'Correo Urgente' (Express Post stamp) : Electric Locomotive [ . ]

Set/12 values (excluding the 1c & 2c but including Express 20c) with control
A,000,000 on the back (Specimens) [ . ]

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Identifying forgeries of the 10 Pesetas:

Forgeries exist in the issued colour of the 10 Pesetas and also in a changed colour of orange-red. Unlike the 1931 Postal Congress set (described later) and several other Spanish issues of this period, there are no authentic Colour Change varieties of the 1930 Railway Issue, in either the postage or airmail sets, although there are a few minor shades.

Spain stamps Railway 10 pesetas 1930 genuine Spain stamps Railway 10 pesetas 1930 forgery falsificacion sellos postales espana 1930 ferrocarriles Sellos Postales Espana Congreso Ferrocarriles 1930 Spain 1930 Railway Congress stamps Spain 1930 Railway Congress stamps Spain 1930 Railway Congress stamps

Scan 1 : 10 Pts : Genuine / authéntico : Break in first thin frame-line below 'O' of 'FERROCARRILES';
Scan 2 : Forgery / falso :
Line unbroken.

Scan 3 : 10 Pts: Genuine / authéntico : No dot immediately to the left of signal post;
Scan 4 : Forgery / falso : Small dot as shown in scan. This dot is sometimes not present on the forgeries but the line below the 'O' is always unbroken.

Scans 5 & 6 : Both forgeries / ambas falsificaciones : Bogus Colour Change examples from the Forgery Plates. These scans were made on different scanners and it is possible that they are, in fact, in the same bogus colour but different in appearance.

A further test is in the quality and shape of letters in the imprint at the bottom of the stamp, for example in the 'DE'.
Spain 1930 Railway Congress stamps Spain 1930 Railway Congress stamps

. . Genuine / authéntico . . . . . Forgery / falso
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Identifying Forgeries of the 20c Express :

This is another dangerous forgery, not easily spotted. We have found one of the best tests to be the letters 'MA' of 'MADRID', and especially the 'A', at the left side of the stamp. We have illustrated a black proof of the forgery below, because this is the sharpest image to compare, but the forgery is normally found in something very close to the issued colour.

Sellos Postales Espana Congreso Ferrocarriles 1930 Sellos Postales Espana Congreso Ferrocarriles 1930

Scan 1 : 20c Express: Genuine / authéntico : The right down-stroke of the 'M' is thinner than the left down-stroke, but less so than in the forgery. An easier test is the space in the centre of the 'A', which is just a slit, like a capital letter 'I' (without serifs).

Scan 2 : Forgery / falso : The right down-stroke of the 'M' is more noticeably thinner than the left down-stroke; the space in the centre of the 'A' is now almost a triangle. You will notice than the line below 'MAD' is much thinner in the forgery but, understandably, many people find this kind of test difficult unless they have two stamps to compare.

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Postage & Airmail Imperf Between pairs: .

Sellos Postales Espana Congreso Ferrocarriles 1930 Spain 1930 Railway Congress set Imperf between pair Briefmarken Eisenbahn Spanien Sellos Postales Espana Congreso Ferrocarriles 1930 Sellos Postales Espana Congreso Ferrocarriles 1930

Above: Fronts and Backs of the only two reported values from this issue that exist as Imperf Between Pairs, the 15c Postage and the 50c Airmail.
For some time it was believed that all the 50c stamps emanated from the sheet numbered A000,251, but recent information reports that stamps from sheets A000,251 to A000,254 inclusive display this variety, suggesting that perhaps four sheets of stamps were perforated at a time. Both the 15c Postage and 50c Airmail with this variety are scarce.

Used examples of most values of the Postage set are generally scarcer than the already elusive mint stamps. A special postmark with which these stamps are sometimes found cancelled, both on the first day of issue and for a few days afterwards, is that of the Senate courier, an example of which is shown below:
Espana Congreso Ferrocarriles 1930 Estafeta de Senado

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The Airmail Set :

Espana Congreso Ferrocarriles 1930

The Airmail stamps, showing the front of a locomotive in the shield, have many more listed varieties than the postage stamps but some do not appear to us to be constant varieties, such as the short top bar to the top of the figure 25 in the 25c and a small white circle in the left margin of the 4 Pts, as well as other listed varieties. We have limited our listing of varieties primarily to those that are found on all values, but a close study of these stamps reveal many more small varieties.

Espagne Timbres Locomotives 1930 Espagne Timbres Locomotives 1930 Spain 1930 railway stamps Espana Congreso Ferrocarriles 1930 Eisenbahn Briefmarken Spanien 1930

Above: Small scans 1, 2 and 3 show the 25c, 50c and 4 Pts, all with an example of lines below the figure of value. The 4 Pts may be found in up to three variants of this, but we have chosen not to list any of these types of variety. However, we have listed the constant varieties, which occur on all six values of the set, dé for de (4th small scan above) and dot to lower left of 'I' of 'TIMBRE' in the imprint (5th scan). Due to poor centring, the dot below 'I' variety is often lost to the perforation holes and, consequently, it is very much harder to put together a set with this variety, although this difficulty is not reflected in its identical catalogue pricing with the dé variety.

1930 (10th May) : 11th International Railway Congress, Madrid : Airmails :
5c Yellow-Brown : Front of Steam Locomotive [ . ]
- ditto - dé variety [ . ]
- ditto - dot below 'I' variety [ . ]
5c Yellow-Brown IMPERF [ . ]

10c Rose-Red : Front of Steam Locomotive [ . ]
- ditto - dé variety [ . ]
- ditto - dot below 'I' variety [ . ]

25c Blue : Front of Steam Locomotive [ . ]
- ditto - dé variety [ . ]
- ditto - dot below 'I' variety [ . ]

50c Lilac : Front of Steam Locomotive [ . ]
- ditto - dé variety [ . ]
- ditto - dot below 'I' variety [ . ]
50c Lilac Imperf between horizontally (vertical pair) (scan above) [ . ]

1 Pta Green : Front of Steam Locomotive [ . ]
- ditto - dé variety [ . ]
- ditto - dot below 'I' variety [ . ]

4 Pts Grey-Black : Front of Steam Locomotive [ . ]
- ditto - dé variety [ . ]
- ditto - dot below 'I' variety [ . ]
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Airmail set/6 with control A,000,000 on the back (Specimens) [ set/6 ] or [ 5c ] [ 10c ] [ 25c ] [ 50c ] [ 1P ] [ 4P ]

Airmail set/6 overprinted MUESTRA (Spanish for 'Specimen') No scan available. [ set/6 ] or [ 5c ] [ 10c ] [ 25c ] [ 50c ] [ 1P ] [ 4P ]

Note: We have not seen the airmail set overprinted MUESTRA but it is listed in Edifil (483M/488M)

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Identifying Forgeries of the Airmail Set :

Espana Congreso Ferrocarriles 1930 Eisenbahn Briefmarken Spanien 1930

Above: Airmail : Genuine (left); Forgery (right)

All six values of the airmail set were forged. Forgeries of the Airmail stamps display several differences from the originals.

1. In the part of the stamp showing a shield, the genuine stamp has the word MADRID larger and this is especially noticeable when comparing the letters 'A' and 'D', which are about the same size.
In the forgery, the 'A' looks much smaller than the 'D'.

2. On the genuine stamp, the dot pattern below the date 1930 starts with two dots, one below the '9' of '1930', one below the '3' of '1930'
In the Forgery, the pattern starts with a single dot touching the frame line above, the dot located between the '9' and '3' of `1930'

A note on Cancellations: Stamps (Postage & Airmail) may be found both with normal cancellations but also with a Congress cancel, a circular date-stamp topped by an attractive crown.

Modern reproduction:
1931 Postal Union Congress C.U.P.P.
A modern, post office approved, reproduction with values from the 1930 Railway Set.
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1931 : III Congreso de la Unión Postal Panamericana ; Third Panamerican Postal Union Congress

This issue must have set records for the number of ways a single issue can be presented, in terms of colours, missing overprints and a plethora of different styles of Specimen stamp, many of which we do not list, as they are 'taladro'-style specimens from groups 5 and 6, outside the scope of this article, as described higher up.

There are two designs of railway, or rather tramway, interest in this set, the top two values of the Postage set/10 (4 Pts & 10 Pts) and the top value of the Airmail set/6 (4 Pts). The Spanish Post Office issued this set in many forms, including several Errors of Colour. A few of these errors of colour are in totally different colours to the issued postage or official stamps, but some of these so-called 'errors of colour' are simply stamps in the colours of the Official stamps but with the 'Oficial' overprint omitted. In our opinion, this would have been a better way to describe them. However, to avoid confusion in comparing listings, we have adhered to the existing convention.
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The 10 Pts Postage: We have handled many of these stamps, typically described as Chestnut in colour, including those with C.U.P.P. overprints and Specimen perforations and we have also had several of the 'Oficial' stamps through our hands, typically described as Yellow-Chestnut. The difference in shade between the postage and official stamps is really very minor and is possibly the result of some contamination of the ink in part of a single print run for all these stamps rather than a totally new colour. We don't know, but if there was only one print-run, then the Oficial overprints were probably applied to the later part of the print-run, once the contamination, perhaps some of the violet ink from printing of the 4 Pts(?), had progressively been eliminated.

This slightly lighter 'Yellow-Chestnut' shade is given as the colour for the Official stamps, as against 'Chestnut' for the Postage stamp. This 'Yellow-Chestnut' colour is reported to exist without the overprint 'Oficial', although we have never seen a convincing example of it. However, it is listed by Edifil, and they choose to describe it as an Error of Colour of the Postage 10 Pts, although it could just as easily be described as overprint omitted on the Oficial 10 Pts. We have listed it below as per Edifil, albeit with reservations.

Below is a scan provided solely to compare shades of the 10 Pts. Unlike many other scans in this article, the stamps shown above were taken together as a single scan and the varying intensity of colour is accurate. Whether the actual colours are true may depend on the individual computer on which the scan is viewed.

Espana III Congreso Postal 1931

Note: All the stamps shown above are illustrated again further down under their respective issues and catalogue-style listings.

As can just be seen in the scan, apart from the obviously different olive-black error of colour, there is only a very minor difference in colour between all the rest of these stamps. The Official stamps appear to be a fraction lighter (or more yellow) than the postage stamps but the postage stamp perforated with the word SPECIMEN is somewhere in between, and perhaps nearer to Yellow-Chestnut than Chestnut.

As mentioned above, the Edifil listing gives two errors of colour for the 10 Pts postage, in Yellow-Chestnut and in Olive-Black. However, we strongly recommend that you do not attempt to buy this Yellow-Chestnut so-called 'error of colour' unless it is sold together with a normal 10 Pts Postage and you are satisfied that it really is different enough.
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The Postage 4 Pts & 10 Pts.

The principal design of these stamps is a flag-raising in a plaza crowded with Republican supporters, some standing on the roof of a tramcar at the right side of the stamp. Below is a postcard view, taken from almost the same vantage point, showing trams in the plaza. Note the advertising roof-board, similar to that visible on the tramcar in the stamp design.

Madrid Trams Strassenbahn Briefmarken Spanien Madrid 1931 Revolution Trams on Stamps

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For ease of understanding, we list this issue in the following order below:

** Postage 4P including Imperfs, Specimens and Error of Colour.
** Postage 10P including Imperfs, Specimens and Error(s) of Colour.
** Airmail 4P including Imperfs, Specimens and Error of Colour.

** Official Postage 4P and varieties
** Official Postage 10P and varieties
** Official Airmail 4P and varieties

** C.U.P.P. overprints

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The 4 Pts Postage Stamps.
1931 Postal Union Congress Spain 1931 Espana Congreso Postal 1931 Postal Union Congress Spain 1931 Spain 4P Congreso Postal

1931 Postal Union Congress Spain 1931 Spain 4P Congreso Postal

Apparent shades, other than the errors of colour, are due to differences in scanners, not actual colour variation.

4 Pts Postage, Violet (the normal issued POSTAGE stamp colour) Perf [ . ]
- ditto - optd MUESTRA [ . ]
- ditto - perforated with the word SPECIMEN [ . ]
4 Pts Postage, Violet (the normal issued POSTAGE stamp colour) IMPERF [ . ]

4 Pts Postage ERROR OF COLOUR Deep Bright Lilac Perf [ . ]
- ditto - IMPERF
*** [ . ]

For explanation of *** , please see beneath the 10 Pts listing below.

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The 10 Pts Postage Stamps.
1931 Postal Union Congress Spain 1931 Postal Union Congress Spain 10P 1931 Congreso Postal Espana 10 Pts

1931 Postal Union Congress Spain 1931 Tram Stamps Congreso Postal Spain

Other than the Olive-Black error of colour, the scan above is not a reliable resource for comparing shades, as these are not all produced on the same scanner. See higher up for a single scan with reliable comparative shades.
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10 Pts Postage, Chestnut (the normal issued POSTAGE stamp colour) Perf [ . ]
- ditto - optd MUESTRA [ . ]
- ditto - perforated with the word SPECIMEN [ . ]
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10 Pts Postage, Chestnut (the normal issued POSTAGE stamp colour) IMPERF [ . ]
10 Pts Postage (perf) in reported Yellow-Chestnut (shade or error of colour - as discussed in detail above - not illustrated) [ . ]
- ditto - IMPERF (not illustrated - and subject to the same proviso)
*** [ . ]
10 Pts Postage (perf) in Olive-Black ERROR OF COLOUR [ . ]
- ditto - but IMPERF (see note below)
*** (not seen by us, not illustrated) [ . ]

*** Imperforate Errors of Colour: It appears that these are sometimes found with, and sometimes without, punch hole(s). We are fairly sure that the Yellow-Chestnut Imperforate stamp exists without punch hole(s) but it is possible that the Imperforate Olive-Black 10 Pts is only found with punch hole(s).

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The 4 Pts Airmail Stamps (issued in sheets/25, 5x5)
1931 Postal Union Congress Airmail 4P Spain 1931 Postal Union Congress Spain 1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 4p Proof

1931 Congreso Postal Aereo 4P Colores Cambiados 1931 Congreso Postal Aereo 4P Colores Cambiados

For interest, we illustrate an attractive proof in Brown, but such proofs are generally outside the scope of this article.

4 Pts Airmail, Black (the normal issued POSTAGE stamp colour) Perf [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf [ . ]
- Perf - optd MUESTRA (not illustrated) [ . ]
4 Pts Airmail, ERROR OF COLOUR : Grey (Perf) [ . ]

Note : The three perforated 4P airmail stamps listed above may be found in vertical inter-panneaux (gutter) pairs

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The 4 Pts Postage OFICIAL Stamps.
1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 4p Spain 1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 4p Spain 1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 4p Spain
Note: These stamps with 'Oficial' omitted are listed under the Postage 4 Pts as errors of colour.

1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 4p Spain
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4 Pts Postage Official, Deep Bright Lilac (the normal issued colour for the Official) Perf [ . ]
- ditto - IMPERF (in a slightly deeper colour) [ . ]
- ditto - (deep bright lilac) Perf - overprinted MUESTRA [ . ]
- ditto - Perf - perforated diagonally with the word SPECIMEN (not illustrated) [ . ]

4 Pts Postage Official, ERROR OF COLOUR, Deep Violet-Blue (with 'Oficial' opt) [ . ]
- ditto - IMPERF - probably with punch hole or holes (not seen by us, not illustrated) [ . ]

4 Pts Postage Official in Error of Colour (deep violet-blue) with 'Oficial' omitted IMPERF (not illustrated) [ . ]

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The 10 Pts Postage OFICIAL Stamps.
1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 10p Spain 1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 10p Spain 1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 10p Spain 1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 10p Spain

Note: These stamps with 'Oficial' omitted are listed under the Postage 10 Pts as errors of colour.

10 Pts Postage Official, Yellow-Chestnut with usual RED Oficial overprint, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - IMPERF [ . ]
- ditto - Perf - overprinted MUESTRA [ . ]
- ditto - Perf - perforated diagonally with the word SPECIMEN (not illustrated) [ . ]

10 Pts Postage Official, Yellow-Chestnut, with variety: Overprint in BLUE, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf - perhaps only with punch hole or holes (not illustrated) [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf - Overprinted MUESTRA (not illustrated) [ . ]

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The 4 Pts Airmail OFICIAL Stamps.
1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 4Pts Air 1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 4Pts Air 1931 Postal Union Congress Official Postage 4Pts Air

4 Pts Airmail Official, Black, with OFICIAL in normal colour - RED , Perf [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf [ . ]
- ditto - Perf - overprinted MUESTRA (not illustrated) [ . ]
4 Pts Airmail Official, Black, with overprint colour variety - BLUE, Perf [ . ]

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1931 Postal Congress Stamps overprinted C.U.P.P.
One thousand sets of these issues were overprinted C.U.P.P. (Congreso de la Union Postal Panamericana), applied vertically upwards on the 4Pts & 10Pts Postage and horizontally on the 4Pts Airmail.

1931 Postal Union Congress C.U.P.P.

4 Pts Postage in Violet overprinted C.U.P.P. in Black [ . ]
10 Pts Postage in Chestnut overprinted C.U.P.P. in Black [ . ]
4 Pts Airmail in Black overprinted C.U.P.P. in Red [ . ]

4 Pts Postage Official in Deep Bright Lilac overprinted C.U.P.P. in Black [ . ]
10 Pts Postage Official in Yellow-Chestnut overprinted C.U.P.P. in Black [ . ]
4 Pts Airmail Official in Grey overprinted C.U.P.P. in Red [ . ]

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1936 : XL Aniversario Asociacion de la Prensa; 40th Anniversary of the Press Association.

Four values of this set are reported to show a tram in front of the Edificio / Palacio de la Prensa in Madrid. Our research suggests this is more likely to be a bus, but we include the issue here, as it appears in both the Domfil and SG railway catalogues.

1936 Aniversario Asociacion Prensa tram 1936 Aniversario Asociacion Prensa Muestra
1936 Aniversario Asociacion Prensa tram 1936 Aniversario Asociacion Prensa tramvia

Note: The standard post office issue stamps may be found in horizontal inter-panneaux (gutter) pairs.

2c Brown Tram in Street [ . ]
10c Green Tram in Street [ . ]
25c Bright Lilac Tram in Street [ . ]
60c Olive-Green Tram in Street [ . ]
Our scanner has not reproduced the olive-green of these 60c stamps well.

2c Brown Tram in Street optd MUESTRA [ . ]
10c Green Tram in Street optd MUESTRA [ . ]
25c Bright Lilac Tram in Street optd MUESTRA (block/4 scanned above) [ . ]
60c Olive-Green Tram in Street optd MUESTRA [ . ]

10c Lilac-Brown : Waterlow Salesman's Sample / Specimen : Perf : opt vertically up [ . ]
10c Lilac-Brown : Waterlow Salesman's Sample / Specimen : Perf : opt diagonal [ . ]
10c Lilac-Brown : Waterlow Salesman's Sample / Specimen : IMPERF : opt diagonal [ . ]

2c Brown Tram in Street IMPERF [ . ]
10c Green Tram in Street IMPERF [ . ]
25c Bright Lilac Tram in Street IMPERF [ . ]
60c Olive-Green Tram in Street IMPERF [ . ]

This 1936 Asociacion Prensa (A.P.) set consists of 31 values in 10 designs (5 Postage, 1 Express, 4 Airmail). In addition to regular sheet issues as shown above, one value of each design of the stamps was also overprinted 'A.P.', these in very small numbers. Also, perhaps in the same or slightly larger numbers(?), the full set of 31 stamps was overprinted '1936'. Both of these limited printings are found affixed (without hinges) into presentation booklets, with the tops of the stamps moistened and stuck directly into the booklets. We are not aware that any of these stamps were released except in the booklets, which, if true, would preclude their existence in never hinged condition. However, the stamps are occasionally found mint hinged, 'liberated' carefully from their booklets.

We display first, the 'A.P.' overprint set, in its simple paper presentation folder. We have shown the open booklet as well, the contents scanned with some overlap over two scans:

1936 Aniversario Asociacion Prensa sobrecargo A.P.

1936 Aniversario Asociacion Prensa sobrecargo A.P.

1936 Aniversario Asociacion Prensa sobrecargo A.P.

1936 Press Association stamps overprinted A.P.

The only tram value overprinted 'A.P.'

25c Bright Lilac Tram in Street optd A.P. [ . ]
Set/10 including the stamp above in presentation folder (Edifil 699/710Ha, 716/25Ha) [ . ]
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The presentation booklet for the 1936 overprints is a substantial hardback 15-page production, 10 of the pages devoted to the stamps, one page devoted in each case to ALL the stamps in a particular design. There is a simple description under each group of stamps. In the case of the tram design (on Page 11), the page text is simply 'La Casa de la Prensa'. We have illustrated the outer cover and the (extracted) four values of the 'tram' stamps below.

1936 Aniversario Asociacion Prensa sobrecargo 1936

1936 Spain Press Association stamps overprinted 1936

2c Brown Tram in Street optd 1936 in Black [ . ]
10c Green Tram in Street optd 1936 in Red [ . ]
25c Bright Lilac Tram in Street optd 1936 in Black [ . ]
60c Olive-Green Tram in Street optd 1936 in Red [ . ]

Set/31 including the 4 stamps above in Booklet (Edifil 697/710H, 711/25H) [ . ]

The Edificio de la Prensa in Madrid is a listed building and appears to be in use today as a cinema, the 'Palacio de la Prensa'.
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1938 : Homenaje a los obreros de Sagunto; Commemorating the workers of Sagunto

1938 Sagunto Steelworks 1938 Sagunto Steelworks 1938 Sagunto Steelworks 1938 Sagunto Steelworks 1938 Sagunto Steelworks
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45c Steelworks in Black (normal colour), Perf [ . ]
- ditto - Vertical Pair, Imperf between [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf between stamp and TOP margin [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf between stamp and BOTTOM margin [ . ]
45c Steelworks in Black, IMPERF [ . ]
- ditto - on thick paper / carton paper [ . ]

45c Steelworks in Brown (Error of Colour), Perf [ . ]
- ditto - IMPERF [ . ]

1938 Sagunto Steelworks
A modern reproduction including the above design, Spanish Post Office approved and produced in a booklet of 70 sheetlets.

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1939 : Unadopted Essay : Steam Locomotive

1939 Spain Stamps Sellos Espana Unadopted Train Tren Essay prueba

1939 : Unadopted Essay : 1 Pta Reddish-Brown : Steam Train. [ . ]

We reproduce the above by kind permission of the Spanish Study Circle. It appears in S. Nathan's catalogue 'The Railway Theme in Spanish Philately', published in 1978 as Spanish Philatelic Society Bookclub No. 10. Nathan describes it as rare and gives the date as 1939. If so, the inscription, Republica Espanola, speaks of a Republican design at the very end of the civil war, which effectively ended when Franco's Nationalist army entered Madrid on March 28th 1939. The image is monochrome, the essay reported to be in Reddish-Brown.

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1940 : 1900th Anniversary of the Virgin of El Pilar : Tramway Bridge

Horse trams were introduced to Zaragoza in 1885 and the network was progressively electrified from 1902 onwards. The tramway network in Zaragoza was quite extensive and flourished until the 1950s, when the first moves were made to replace them with trolleybuses and occasionally motor buses. Eventually motor buses also replaced the trolleybuses but a few old trams persisted, the last finally being withdrawn in 1976. However, trams were soon to make a comeback, with Zaragoza committing to a new tramway system in around 2007.

There is a shrine to Our Lady of Pilar (Nuestra Señora del Pilar) in the Cathedral (Temple) in Zaragoza. It celebrates an apparition in AD 40. The bridge in front of the church, la Puente de Piedra, was in use by tramcars at the time of a 1940 stamp issue to celebrate the rebuilding of the Cathedral and the bridge appears on two of the stamps in the set.

1940 Puente de Piedra Zaragoza tranvias tramway bridge 1940 Puente de Piedra Zaragoza tranvias tramway bridge
A postcard of the bridge with tram . & . A charity label (without franking value - sin valor postal) to raise funds for the Zaragoza Seminary. The label mimics the postage stamps of the bridge in its design and also, in the case of the 1p50, in the colours used.

1940 Puente de Piedra Zaragoza tranvias tramway bridge 1940 Puente de Piedra Zaragoza tranvias tramway bridge 1940 Puente de Piedra Zaragoza tranvias tramway bridge 1940 Puente de Piedra Zaragoza tranvias tramway bridge

1940 (Jan 29th) : XIX Centenario de la Virgen del Pilar
20c + 10c : Violet & Blue : Puente de Piedra, Zaragoza (tramway bridge) Perf [ . ]
- ditto - numbered 000,000 on back (Specimen) [ . ]
20c + 10c : IMPERF [ . ]

1p50 + 50c : Blue & Purple : Puente de Piedra, Zaragoza (tramway bridge) [ . ]
- ditto - numbered 000,000 on back (Specimen) [ . ]
1p50 + 50c : IMPERF [ . ]

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1948 : Centenario del Ferrocarril; Spanish Railway Centenary

1948 Espana Ferrocarriles, Sellos Ferroviarios, '125 sellos de Correos de 5 pesetas'
We do not know whether a similar sheet format was adopted for the other two values in the set.
1948 Spanish Railway Centenary stamps

50c Postage : Brown : Marqués de Salamanca [ . ]
5 Pts Postage : Green : Train on Viaduct [ . ]
- ditto - with Value Omitted [ . ]

2 Pts Airmail : Red : Diesel Train & Aircraft [ . ]

The 50c and 5 Pts are both found with defective printing in many different forms.

1948 Spanish Railway Centenary stamps

This railway centenary set also served as the 'Day of the Stamp' issue for 1948; a special first day cancellation shows an early locomotive.

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1938 : Beneficencia, Historia del Correo (Transportes); Charity Issue, History of the Postal Service (methods of transport).

For ease of reference, we have first listed the 50c stamp (and its surcharges), then the 1 Pta stamp and its surcharges.

1938 Beneficencia Historia del Correo

1938 Beneficencia Historia del Correo 1938 Beneficencia Historia del Correo

50c Maroon-Lake Steam Train & Travelling Post Office (TPO) Perf (Edifil Benef. 24,Yv. B.56) [ . ]
- ditto - IMPERF [ . ]
- ditto - optd MUESTRA, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - optd MUESTRA, IMPERF [ . ]

Different styles of Waterlow Overprint on Sample Stamps:
1938 Beneficencia Historia del Correo 1938 Beneficencia Historia del Correo
Whilst we have seen 1 Pta overprinted in both styles, SPECIMEN / WATERLOW etc and WATERLOW etc. / SPECIMEN, we have yet to see the 50c in both styles. We think it likely that the whole set exists with both overprints and have therefore included both styles for the 50c as well as for the 1 Pta.

50c Orange-Yellow Steam Train & TPO, Waterlow Salesman's Sample (opt 'SPECIMEN / WATERLOW etc.) Perf [ . ]

50c Orange-Yellow Steam Train & TPO, Waterlow Salesman's Sample (opt 'WATERLOW etc. / SPECIMEN) Perf [ . ]
Note: These stamps may exist Imperforate as well, especially if samples were affixed to any of the salesmen's booklets.
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1940 Surcharges on 1938 Beneficencia 50c:

5c/50c Maroon-Lake Steam Train & TPO as shown in Row 1,2 above (Edifil Benef. 37, Yvert B.70) [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge Inverted [ . ]

5c/50c Maroon-Lake Steam Train & TPO as shown in Row 1,4 above (Edifil Benef. 42, Yvert B.75)[ . ]
- ditto - heavily defective surcharge (mostly missing) (no scan)

50c Maroon-Lake Steam Train & TPO as shown in Row 1,5 above (Edifil Benef. 46, Yvert B.79) [ . ]
- ditto - badly deformed figure '5' in surcharge as shown in Row 1,6 above [ . ]

1938 Beneficencia Historia del Correo Sin Valor Postal

We do not know how many different styles of SIN VALOR POSTAL handstamp exist. We have simply scanned all those that we have seen.

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1938 Beneficencia Historia del Correo 1938 Beneficencia Historia del Correo Waterlow Specimen Salesmans Sample

1938 Beneficencia Historia del Correo 1938 Beneficencia Historia del Correo 1938 Beneficencia Historia del Correo
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It is said generally held that this stamp is a railway thematic. The detail shown in the final scan above may show a steam train on curving track on a ledge up on the side of a mountain; we have indicated this possible position with a yellow arrow. Alternatively, it may well be that the stamp shows the funicular climbing up to Montserrat Monastery. Whatever the case, it is hard to discern on the stamp.

1 Pta Violet-Blue (Airmail) (Edifil Benef. 25, Yvert B.70) [ . ]
- ditto - IMPERF [ . ]
- ditto - optd MUESTRA, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - optd MUESTRA, IMPERF [ . ]

Waterlow Samples : Two styles as per the scans and notes introducing the 50c Waterlow Sample stamps above.
1 Pta Greenish-Black, Waterlow Salesman's Sample (opt 'SPECIMEN / WATERLOW etc.) Perf [ . ]

1 Pta Greenish-Black, Waterlow Salesman's Sample (opt 'WATERLOW etc. / SPECIMEN) Perf [ . ]
Note: These stamps may exist Imperforate as well, especially if samples were affixed to any of the salesmen's booklets.
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1940 Surcharges on 1938 Beneficencia 1 Pta :

5c/1 Pta Violet-Blue as shown in Row 1,2 above (Edifil Benef. 38, Yvert B.71) [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge Double [ . ] no scan.

5c/1 Pta Violet-Blue as shown in Row 1,3 above (Edifil Benef. 43, Yvert B.76) [ . ]

5c/1 Pta Violet-Blue as shown in Row 1,4 above (Edifil Benef. 47, Yvert B.80) [ . ]
- ditto - Deformed figure '5' in surcharge (right-hand stamp of pair in Row 2 above) [ . ]

10c/1 Pta Violet-Blue as shown in Row 2,3 above (Edifil Benef. 50, Yvert B.83) [ . ]
We also illustrate (Row 2,4) a curious circular overprint or cancel on this stamp, about which we have no information.

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Section 3: Spanish Civil War : Local Issues for Towns and Villages (Nationalist & Republican).
. . . . . . . . . Guerra civil española: Sellos locales para ciudades y aldeas ('patriotico' y republicano).

Section 3 is now on a separate webpage : Link below.
La sección 3 ahora está en una página web separada: Enlace inmediatamente debajo: se abre en una nueva pestaña.

Section 3 : Spanish Civil War (opens in a new tab)

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Section 4: School for Orphans of Railway Workers charity stamps.
. . . . . . . . . Sellos de caridad Colegio de Huerfanos de Ferroviarios.

These are very attractive stamps, all showing the same locomotive, with very many printings and a range of perforation types. We do not have any guide or listing by which to organize these stamps, nor can we know whether the listing is complete. There are four basic values known to us, 10c, 25c, 50c and 1 Pts, plus a surcharge 10c on 1 Pta. We frequently encounter new material which is not easily assigned a place in terms of printing style and chronology.

This section first looks at proofs and specimens, which are all recess-engraved, then describes the stamps Perforated 14, also recess-printed, and apparently the first stamps produced. The quality of production of these recess-printed stamps appears finer in every respect than that of all the later issues.

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Proof Charity Civil War Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Proof Charity Civil War

A proof of the design in brown and black, the centre recess-engraved, the inscription painted delicately in oils, alongside the text added on the back by De la Rue, the printers. Note the date, 1924. These charity stamps probably had a life-span of around two decades from around that date.

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Proof Charity Civil War Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Proof Charity Civil War

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War

We have not seen issued stamps in the 25c or 50c values that are recess-printed and Perforated 14, although we have seen an imperforate composite proof sheetlet with two recess-engraved examples each of the 10c and 50c IMPERFORATE, all printed in black and blue. See the right-hand scan immediately above for the composite sheetlet.

Whilst researching another article, we came across a scan of 10c stamps in Black & Blue, perforated and overprinted SPECIMEN. All the issued recess-engraved 10c values known to us are in Black and shades of Red. These 10c Black & Blue specimen stamps are the work of Thomas de la Rue & Company and these four were offered by Cherrystone Auctions in 2011 and again in 2020. They are affixed to a card with the reference number '70' beneath. The figure '70' may represent a colour code used internally by the printers. Also shown is a single stamp affixed to card with the same reference number, 70.

We no longer provide a listing of proofs known to us, but have provided a check-box for the Specimen stamp shown.

10c Steam locomotive : Black & Blue : recess-engraved, Perf. 14, overprinted SPECIMEN [ . ]
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The Recess-Engraved stamps (believed to be issued first):

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War

The 10c black & red and the One Peseta black & blue exist recess-printed and perforated 14 and both appear to have been issued, as was the 1 Pta surcharged 10 cts in red, this last stamp presumably issued later. Of these recess-printed stamps, only the 10c is commonly seen.

10c Steam locomotive : Black & Red : recess-engraved, Perf. 14 (shades) [ . ]
1 Pta. Steam locomotive : Black & Blue : recess-engraved, Perf 14. [ . ]
10c/1 Pta. Steam locomotive : Black & Blue : recess-engraved, Perf. 14 [ . ]
Shades: There are shades in the above issues, including in the centre of the 10c (in Black and Red) with the centre (locomotive) found both in Black and Intense Blue-Black.

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Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Proof Charity Civil War
Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War
An imperforate stamp, probably a proof, and three perforated stamps in new design.

Further recess-printed stamps, design changed, text now in Black on a White background: Stamps Perforated 11 or 11½ without overprint SIN VALOR POSTAL (no franking value).
10c Steam locomotive : Black & Brownish-red : Recess-engraved, Perf 11 or 11½ [ . ]
Printed in sheets/25 (5x5). A complete sheet is shown at the very foot of this article.

10c Steam locomotive : Black & Violet : Recess-engraved, Perf 11 or 11½ [ . ]

10c Steam locomotive : Black & Blue : Recess-engraved, Perf 11 or 11½ [ . ]

We have not seen either the black & violet or black & blue stamps in used condition and it is possible that they are either proofs or unissued stamps.

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Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War

Recess-Engraved Stamps perforated 11 or 11½, now with inscription SIN VALOR POSTAL added.

10c Steam locomotive : Black & Red : Recess, Perf 11 or 11½ SIN VALOR POSTAL [ . ]

50c Steam locomotive : Black & Blue : Recess, Perf 11 or 11½ SIN VALOR POSTAL [ . ]

We have not seen the 25c or 1 Pta Recess in Perf 11 / 11½. If they exist, they will almost certainly be a 25c in Black & Green [ ? ] and a 1 Pta. in Black & Orange [ ? ]

Note : The scan above also shows a 10c with punch hole (taladro). This would typically be the result of the stamp being affixed to the back of a railway ticket, which was usually punched to show that the ticket-holder had travelled. An example is shown lower down. We believe that the public could choose to support the charity by buying one of the stamps along with their train ticket at a railway station. Clearly these stamps were also affixed to letters and/or documents, as postmarked examples are also found, although any such postal cancellations should probably only have been applied to the regular Spain stamps, and not to the charity stamps.

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The later (non-engraved) stamps:
All Huerfanos stamps from this point are printed by lithography or other non-engraved processes, probably by printers in Spain, rather than by De La Rue. We have described them as 'litho' in all cases below, but some may have been produced by other printing methods.

Almost all the stamps show the locomotive going from right to left. Stamps showing a similar 10c stamp, but with the locomotive going from left to right, are shown lower down in this section.

The following stamps all have COLEGIO etc. in white on a coloured background.

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War
Size 31x21 mms (left and centres scans above); sky formed of lines and dots.
10c Steam locomotive : Black & Scarlet : Litho, Perf 11 or 11½ [ . ] Top row, left, above.
- ditto - but in deep rose-red [ . ] Top row, centre, above.

Size 33x21 mms (right-hand scan above); sky formed of dots only.
10c Steam locomotive : Black & Pale Red : Litho, Perf 11 or 11½. [ . ]
Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War
In these larger stamps, the background shading of the frame and centre are formed of dots instead of vertical lines and the stamp usually has huge margins. The measurement given includes the outer frame at the sides, but the pattern of dots forming this feature is almost invisible to the naked eye. The additional scan above has been significantly darkened in order to render it visble. A further feature of this larger stamp is in the backgound shading, formed by horizontal lines and dots on the smaller litho stamps bit only with dots on this larger design.
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There is a further variation of the Lithographed 10c in Perf 11, where the sky appears to be formed entirely of lines without dots. This could be the result of a worn plate but it seems unlikely:
Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War

10c Steam locomotive : Black & Red : Litho, Perf 11, sky formed of lines only [ . ]
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Stamps ROULETTED 10 (or lower) overprinted SIN VALOR POSTAL

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War
Detail scans above:
Left: Two styles of figures '25', thin and thick.
Centre: Two shades of 25c with the small figures '25'.
Right: Two styles of figures '50', thick and thin base to '5' of '50'.

All stamps inscribed SIN VALOR POSTAL:
10c Steam Locomotive : Black & Dark Red : Litho : Perf 10 ** [ . ]
One or more sides may possibly be found rouletted; more information required.

10c Steam locomotive : Black & Brownish-Vermilion : Litho, Rouletted 10 [ . ]
- ditto - but in Black & Red [ . ]

10c Steam locomotive : Black & Brownish-Vermilion : Litho, Rouletted 8½ x 8 [ . ]

The above stamps come is various shades and the rouletting can vary from simple straight cuts to an angled serpentine-roulette style of separation, these two styles of rouletting also being found compound.

25c Steam locomotive : Yellow-Green : Thin figures '25' : Litho, Rouletted 10 [ . ]
- ditto - Green [ . ]

25c Steam locomotive : Deep Greyish-Green Thick figures '25' [ . ]
- ditto - Rouletted 8½ x 10 [ . ]

50c Steam locomotive : Black & Deep Blue : Litho, Rouletted 10 : Thick base to '5' of '50' [ . ]
- ditto - Rouletted 8½ x 10 [ . ]

50c Steam locomotive : Black & Deep Blue : Litho, Rouletted 10 : Thin base to '5' of '50' [ . ]

1 Pta. Steam locomotive : Black & Orange : Litho, Rouletted 10 [ . ]

We have not seen both types of figures '25' on stamps printed in the same colour, which suggests that the thin and thick figures are printed from two different plates. We have not seen any multiples of the 50c and the colours are not sufficiently distinctive between the two types of figures '50' for us to form any view on whether the two styles of '50' are from the same, or from different, printing plates.

Occasionally, one encounters the stamp with the central vignette reversed, the locomotive now travelling in the opposite direction. We only know of the 10c Black & Red in this orientation.

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War

Loco going Left to Right : 10c Steam Locomotive : Red & Black (shades) : Litho, Perf. 11-11½ [ . ]
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Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War

Above: A return railway ticket from Irun to San Sebastian to Irun with rouletted 10c affixed, punched on outward and return journeys, once through the stamp on the back.

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Other Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles design:

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles 10c small Steam Locomotive, in Greenish-Blue, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - Perf., overprinted SIN VALOR / POSTAL (without franking value) [ . ]

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles 10c small Steam Locomotive, in Greenish-Blue, IMPERF. [ . ]
- ditto - Tete-Beche Pair (vertical) [ . ]

We cannot confirm that perforated stamps exist in tete-beche pairs.

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles 10c small Steam Locomotive, in Royal Blue, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - overprinted SIN VALOR / POSTAL (without franking value) [ . ]
no scan - not seen by us.
This stamp may exist Imperforate [ ? ]

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles 10c small Steam Locomotive, in Brown, Perf. [ . ]
This stamp may exist Imperforate [ ? ]

Stamps in all three colours of the above design, with or without overprint 'SIN VALOR POSTAL', may all be found both in Perf 9½ and Perf 11.

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To conclude this section, we show a French-issued contribution stamp in support of Spanish children, inscribed in French and with the donation in French currency. The inscription 'cheminots', French for railway workers, seems more likely to be the source of the funding, rather than that the proceeds were specifically intended for children of Spanish railway workers. This 'stamp' most likely dates to the Spanish Civil War period (1936-1939).

Bon Parrainage Enfants Espagnols Cheminots 0F50 stamps France Spain Children's Charity Civil War

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We should like to record our thanks to John Prescott of Preston and to Bill Weinberger, who both provided much assistance in the production of this article, notably with this Colegio de Huerfanos section and with the Malaga Province Civil War stamps.

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Section 5: Civil War: Political Labels, Propaganda, Social etc, including Russian (Soviet) pro-Republican vignettes.
. . . . . . . . . Guerra Civil: Sellos políticos, propaganda y otras, incluidas las viñetas pro republicanas rusas (soviéticas)

This section deals with labels / vignettes of the Civil War period, either nondenominated or denominated for charity purposes (typically 10c) but without postal franking value. Such labels were primarily propaganda stamps produced both in Spain and abroad, the majority supportive of the Republican side. Many collectors of Spanish Civil War stamps include these political vignettes in their stamp collections. They are listed below in no particular order.

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Foyer du Français Antifasciste.

Foyer Francais Antifasciste sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Civil War

Above: Trams on the Plaça d'Espanya in Barcelona; pro-Republican Catalunya vignettes.

Foyer Français Antifasciste sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Civil War Foyer Français Antifasciste sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Civil War

Above: Example of Sheetlets/4, here in Blue & in Brown, alongside a top left corner block/4 from normal sheets, which we think were probably printed in sheets/10, arranged 5 x 2, without marginal inscriptions

Foyer du Francais Antifasciste 10c Trams in Black, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/4 Perf. [ . ]

Foyer du Francais Antifasciste 10c Trams in Red, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/4 Perf. [ . ]

Foyer du Francais Antifasciste 10c Trams in Blue, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/4 Perf. [ . ]

Foyer du Francais Antifasciste 10c Trams in Orange-Brown, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/4 Perf. [ . ]

Foyer du Francais Antifasciste 10c Trams in Green, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - sheetlet/4 Perf. [ . ]

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Asociacion de Amigos de la Union Sovietica.

The 'Asociacion de Amigos de la Union Sovietica' (Association of Friends of the Soviet Union) produced vignettes, all with a nominal value of 10 cts, displaying elements of life in the Soviet Union. Four have a railway interest.

Soviet Republican sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Civil War Soviet Republican sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Civil War Soviet Republican sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Civil War Soviet Republican sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Civil War

The above scans illustrate the four railway-related designs from the sheets, each sheet being produced in six colours. The subject matter of the stamps is a mixture and includes military and industrial scenes, collective farming and views of the idyllic life enjoyed in Stalin's Russia!
At the very bottom of this article, we have re-produced an entire sheet/50, along with their descriptions, as we are not aware that this has been made available online anywhere else. Columns 1 and 5 of the sheets are the vertical designs and are printed at right-angles to the horizontal design stamps in Columns 2,3 & 4.

c.1937 10c Blue, Spanish children alighting from a train in Moscow. (Row 1,2) [ . ]
- ditto - in Green [ . ]
- ditto - in Rose-Carmine [ . ]
- ditto - in Orange-Scarlet [ . ]
- ditto - in Violet [ . ]
- ditto - in Brown [ . ]
GÓMEZ-GUILLAMÓN catalogue #1706A-F.

c.1937 10c Blue, two steam locomotives in Kharkov Station. (Row 6,3) [ . ]
- ditto - in Green [ . ]
- ditto - in Rose-Carmine [ . ]
- ditto - in Orange-Scarlet [ . ]
- ditto - in Violet [ . ]
- ditto - in Brown [ . ]
GÓMEZ-GUILLAMÓN catalogue #1702A-F.

c.1937 10c Blue, boy with scale model steam locomotive, a future mechanic. (Row 10,1) [ . ]
- ditto - in Green [ . ]
- ditto - in Rose-Carmine [ . ]
- ditto - in Orange-Scarlet [ . ]
- ditto - in Violet [ . ]
- ditto - in Brown [ . ]
GÓMEZ-GUILLAMÓN catalogue #1721A-F.

c.1937 10c Blue, Funicular Railway at a Red Army sanatorium in Sochi. (Row 7,2) [ . ]
- ditto - in Green [ . ]
- ditto - in Rose-Carmine [ . ]
- ditto - in Orange-Scarlet [ . ]
- ditto - in Violet [ . ]
- ditto - in Brown [ . ]
GÓMEZ-GUILLAMÓN catalogue #1717A-F

Soviet Republican sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Civil War Soviet Republican sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Civil War

Above: Two Soviet union stamps, SG 878 of 1939 and SG 1305 of 1947, both issued stamps showing much the same view as the vignette shown again alongside for convenience, the funicular railway to the Red Army sanatorium in Sochi.

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COMISION de RELACIONES con el FRENTE.

COMISION de RELACIONES con el FRENTE Spain Espana Ferrocarril sindicato trade union stamp Railway

The vignette was issued to raise funds for front line troops by the national railwaymen's union. The vehicle appears to be a road vehicle but the text is railway and the man on the left appears to be a railwayman.

Comision de Relaciones con el Frente, 1 Pta. [ . ]

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The next six images are all from an exceptionally fine webpage devoted to the 'Anarchists in Wartime' during the Spanish Civil War. It's a superb article, which we recommend to you, whether just for the images or for the whole story which accompanies them (in Spanish). We have left in situ the catalogue numbering used on that webpage below each scan, so that you can access those images on the webpage more quickly, if you should wish. Click here (opens in a new tab) to visit the 'Anarchists in Wartime' webpage.

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Pro Refugiados Ferroviarios - On behalf of Railway Refugees.

Pro Refugiados Ferroviarios Spain Espana Ferrocarril railway industry workers' stamp

Vignettes in this design were issued by a general workers' union, the CNT (Confederación Nacional del Trabajo) on behalf of the FNIF (Federacion Nacional de Industrias Ferroviarios - National Union of Railway Industries), the vignettes therefore being for those who worked in the manufacturing plants making everything 'railway', including locomotives, as well as for railwaymen themselves.

Pro Refugiados Ferroviarios 1 Pta. Red & Black [ . ]
- ditto - but multicoloured. (listed in Nathan but not seen by us) [ . ]

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CNT - AIT (Asociación Internacional de los Trabajadores) Sección BORNE.

Spain CNT - AIT Borne Espana Ferrocarril railway / workers labour stamp
We do not know the meaning of BORNE in this context. All the labels are undenominated.

CNT - AIT Steam Locomotive in Black only. (possibly a Proof?). Imperf. [ . ]
CNT - AIT Steam Loco in Red & Black (sun's rays extend through 'N' of 'C.N.T.' and 'I' of 'A.I.T.'). Imperf [ . ]
- as above but sun's rays no longer extend through letters 'N' and 'I'). Imperf [ . ]

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CNT - FAI - JJLL

FAI stands for Federación Anarquista Ibérica and JJLL is the short form sometimes used for the anarchist Youth Wing, the 'Federación Ibérica de Juventudes Libertarias'.

Spain CNT FAI JJLL Guerra Civil War corte anarquista Espana Ferrocarril sellos stamp

CNT FAI JJLL Railway Tracks and Trucks in Harbour. Multicoloured. Undenominated Vignette. [ . ]

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Sindicato Único de Transportes (Union of Transport Unions).

This final scan from the anarchist webpage lacks some definition but it appears to show a tramvia / tram (left) and a train (centre).

Spain Spain-Sindicato Único de Transportes Guerra Civil War tramvia tren Espana Ferrocarril

4 Pts Black : Spain-Sindicato Único de Transportes : Tram and Train [ . ]

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Although beyond the scope of this article, we have chosen to show five republican postcards (not postal stationery) produced by the Comision de Propaganda for an exhibition entitled 'Los Ferroviarios en la Guerra':

Republican Propaganda Postcard Spain Espana Guerra Civil War Republican Propaganda Postcard Spain Espana Guerra Civil War Republican Propaganda Postcard Spain Espana Guerra Civil War

Republican Propaganda Postcard Spain Espana Guerra Civil War3 Republican Propaganda Postcard Spain Espana Guerra Civil War3

These postcards promoting 'The Railway Workers in the War' exhibition each carry a different republican propaganda message, loosely translated below (in scan order, i.e. top row, then second row):

1. 'The war is the bridge which opens up the path to our freedom'. The letters UHP on the flag are the initials of the Uníos Hermanos Proletarios (United Brothers of the Proletariat).
2. 'The sole control (of the railways) opens the way to our victory'
3. 'Join the Railway Militia'
4. 'A minute lost in the rearguard can mean a defeat at the front'.
5. 'Forward, Railwaymen!'

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Barcelona : Seventh Anniversary of Republic miniature sheets; Séptimo aniversario de la República (hojas).

The 1931 tram design postage stamp was reproduced on miniature sheets dated 1938 for the 7th Anniversary of the Republic and these most likely emanated from Barcelona. The nominal values in which this miniature sheet appears are 2 Pts and 5 Pts and these will logically be Republican propaganda sheetlets, but we are not aware that they are connected to any postal service during the Civil War. We list below what we have seen, but other combinations of face value / Perf / Imperf / Overprints possibly exist.

1938 7th Anniversary of Republic miniature Sheets Spain Civil War Tramcar 1938 7th Anniversary of Republic miniature Sheets Spain Civil War Tramcar

1938 : 2 Pts m/s in Brown, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf. [ . ]
1938 : 5 Pts m/s in Blue, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf. [ . ]

1938 7th Anniversary of Republic miniature Sheets Spain Civil War Tramcar

1938 : 2 Pts m/s in Green, Perf [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf. [ . ]

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1938 7th Anniversary of Republic miniature Sheets Spain Civil War Tramcar 1938 7th Anniversary of Republic miniature Sheets Spain Civil War Tramcar

1938 : 2 Pts m/s in Brown overprinted ¡Viva España! / VII año triunfal in Brownish-Black, Imperf. [ . ]
1938 : 5 Pts m/s in Blue overprinted ¡Viva España! / VII año triunfal in Magenta, Imperf. [ . ]

There is a good chance that both the above also exist perforated.

1938 : 5 Pts m/s in Blue overprinted Habilitado / Avion in Red, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf [ . ]

7th Anniversary of Revolution Modern Reproduction stamps sheetlet
A modern reproduction including the above design, Spanish Post Office approved and produced in a booklet of 70 sheetlets.

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Section 6: Revenue / Fiscal Stamps of Spain : Impuesto Municipal, Madrid.

The subject matter of revenue / fiscal stamps typically may be coats-of-arms, simple numeral designs, heads of royalty or presidents, images related to a specific tax or some allegorical design representing ancient origins of the country. Relatively few are topographical in nature.

We are indebted to Bill Weinberger for bringing to our attention a set of Spanish revenue stamps, issued in 1911 for Municipal Taxes in Madrid. These stamps all appear to be very scarce and they show a street in Madrid with tramcars. We are able to display 10 of the 12 values issued.

Impuesto Municipal : Madrid : 1911 (Forbin catalogue : Madrid 261-272)

Spain Impuesto Municipal Madrid 1911 Revenue Sello Fiscal Stamp Tramcar Tram Tramway Spain Impuesto Municipal Madrid 1911 Revenue Sello Fiscal Stamp Tramcar Tram Tramway Spain Impuesto Municipal Madrid 1911 Revenue Sello Fiscal Stamp Tramcar Tram Tramway Spain Impuesto Municipal Madrid 1911 Revenue Sello Fiscal Stamp Tramcar Tram Tramway
Spain Impuesto Municipal Madrid 1911 Revenue Sello Fiscal Stamp Tramcar Tram Tramway Spain Impuesto Municipal Madrid 1911 Revenue Sello Fiscal Stamp Tramcar Tram Tramway Spain Impuesto Municipal Madrid 1911 Revenue Sello Fiscal Stamp Tramcar Tram Tramway Spain Impuesto Municipal Madrid 1911 Revenue Sello Fiscal Stamp Tramcar Tram Tramway
Spain Impuesto Municipal Madrid 1911 Revenue Sello Fiscal Stamp Tramcar Tram Tramway Spain Impuesto Municipal Madrid 1911 Revenue Sello Fiscal Stamp Tramcar Tram Tramway Spain Impuesto Municipal Madrid 1911 Revenue Sello Fiscal Stamp Tramcar Tram Tramway

We are unable to find any scans for the top two values, 50 Pesetas and 75 Pesetas. All stamps appear to be Perf x Imperf, probably printed in strips/5 imperf at top and bottom, to judge from our scans where #681 is imperf at top and #375, #1200 and #15 are imperf at foot, all stamps in each face value individually numbered. Note the tiny numbers on the higher values, suggesting very small print-runs, this being supported by the footnote in the Forbin fiscal catalogue that only TEN of the 75 Pesetas stamps were printed!

1911: Madrid (Forbin catalogue numbers)
#261 : 0.75 Pta Blackish Violet [ . ]
#262 : 1 Pta Deep Blue [ . ]
#263 : 2 Pts Red [ . ]
#264 : 2.50 Pts Brown [ . ]
#265 : 5 Pts Yellow [ . ]
#266 : 6 Pts Ochre [ . ]
#267 : 10 Pts Violet [ . ]
#268 : 15 Pts Pale Blue [ . ]
#269 : 20 Pts Light Green [ . ]
#270 : 25 Pts Light Blue [ . ]
#271 : 50 Pts Carmine [ . ]
#272 : 75 Pts Green [ . ]

We have used Forbin's colours above, translated from the French, but inspection of the scans will show that these are not particularly accurate.

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Section 7 : Cinderella. . . . . . . . . . Otras viñetas.

Listing all the railway cinderellas of a country, even just up to 1948, is an impossible task but we have attempted to provide a substantial representation of the many different types encountered. The material below is presented in no special order. Generally where a stamp has a face value and therefore has a purpose beyond merely promotional publicity or memorabilia, we have provided check-boxes.

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1948 Centenario Ferrocarril Barcelona-Mataro Railway Centenary .
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1948 marked the centenary of the first railway in Spain, from Barcelona to Mataro and the anniversary was marked with postage stamps (already shown in Section 2 above) and with various cinderellas / vignettes. In the case of this 1948 Railway Centenary, we have attempted to provide a complete listing.

1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain 1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain

Early steam locomotive at Opening Ceremony in BROWN [ . ]
- ditto - in GREEN [ . ]
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1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril Montgat FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain

Early steam locomotive Green & Black (inscried Montgat) [ . ]
- ditto - in Lilac & Black [ . ]
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1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain
1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain 1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain 1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain
1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain 1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain

The stamps above were printed in sheetlets/12, providing 8 of Sr. Miquel Biada Bunyol, a Spanish businessman who promoted the railway, 2 of an early locomotive and 1 each of Estacion Mataro / Mataro Station and a Map of the line with a drawing of a steam train. An example of a full sheetlet/12 is illustrated after the catalogue-style listing below.

The sheetlet was printed in several, mainly bi-colour, combinations, the colours somewhat difficult to describe, especially as slight shades exist of several of them:

Blackish-Brown & Pale Yellow (described in table as Black & Yellow)
Black-Violet & Rose / pinkish-beige
Violet & Rose
Red & Rose / pinkish-beige
Red & Yellow (shown in its sheetlet/12 below the check-list table)
Darkish Green & Greenish-Yellow (described in table as Darkish-Green)
Light Green

Design 1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain 1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain 1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain 1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain
Black & Yellow [ . ] [ . ] [ . ] [ . ]
Black-Violet & Rose [ . ] [ . ] [ . ] [ . ]
Violet & Rose [ . ] [ . ] [ . ] [ . ]
Red & Pale Rose [ . ] [ . ] [ . ] [ . ]
Red & Yellow [ . ] [ . ] [ . ] [ . ]
Darkish Green [ . ] [ . ] [ . ] [ . ]
Light Green [ . ] [ . ] [ . ] [ . ]
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1948 Centenary Centenario Barcelona-Mataro Railway Ferrocarril FFCC sellos postales stamps Spain

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Selected other cinderellas / vignettes.

We have continued to provide catalogue-style listings in 'green' beyond this point but we have only included check-boxes in selected cases.

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Spanish-American War : 1898/99 :
Spain Cuban War Guerra Cuba Espana Ferrocarril sellos postales Spain Cuban War Guerra Cuba Espana Ferrocarril sellos postales

Spain Cuban War Guerra Cuba Espana Ferrocarril sellos postales Spain Cuban War Guerra Cuba Espana Ferrocarril sellos postales

Curiously listed in the Domfil railway catalogue, as if a postage stamp, this is a cinderella to raise funds in the Spanish-Cuban War of 1898/99.

1898 5c Steam Train, Tunnel, Map of Cuba in Pale Violet. [ . ]
- ditto - Imperforate [ . ]
- ditto - Pair, Imperf horizontally (IMP x Perf) [ . ]
- ditto - Pair, mid-stamp horizontal misperforation [ . ]

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Sellos El Chorro - Provincia de Málaga Province stamps :
Spain Spanish Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War El Chorro Malaga Province stamps Spain Spanish Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War El Chorro Malaga Province stamps

Spain Spanish Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War El Chorro Malaga Province stamps Spain Spanish Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War El Chorro Malaga Province stamps

Spain Spanish Espana sellos postales Guerra Civil War El Chorro Malaga Province stamps

These stamps, or more correctly vignettes / cinderellas, were produced at some time in the 1940s, under the post-Civil War 'Nationalist' government of Franco. They emanated from the stamp magazine 'EL BOLETÍN FILATELICO ESPAÑOL' and are a purely private production. They are known in several colours, at least including Blue, Green and Chestnut-Brown. Whether all colours are found both Perf and Imperf is not clear to us.

A number of other broadly similar designs were produced, each showing a different municipality, and a typical card of clear 'nationalist' persuasion is shown above, this one for Badajoz, complete with privately-produced cancellations. We have not seen any El Chorro 'stamps' on a 'cover' but they may well exist.

El Chorro is a small, rural railway station surrounded by a few houses and shops immediately to the south of the Caminito del Rey, and the stamps clearly seem to depict the railway as it passes through those hills. See under 'Ardales' in the Civil War stamps section for more on the Caminito del Rey. These stamps appear to be scarce.

El Chorro Railway Tracks 5 cts Blue Perf [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf [ ? ]

El Chorro Railway Tracks 5 cts Green Perf [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf [ ? ]

El Chorro Railway Tracks 5 cts Chestnut-Brown Perf [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf [ . ]

El Chorro Postal Stationery card [ ? ]

We should like to thank Antonio Rodríguez of Filatelia Hernando Colón for his kind help in identifying the origins of the above stamps.

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FEDERACIÓN NACIONAL DE FERROVIARIOS (National Federation of Railway Workers).

Spain Espana Ferrocarril sindicato trade union stamp Railway Spain Espana Ferrocarril sindicato trade union stamp Railway

These two stamps are Railway Trades' Union membership stamps, denominated 1 Pta or 2 Pts. They were, we think, in use for quite a long period up to and including the Civil War period. Most railway workers would have supported the Republican cause. The organization's name - FNIF - on the right stamp is spelt out fully on the left-hand stamp and translates as the National Federation of Workers in the Railway Industry, which is much broader than just railway workers, and includes those in railway manufacturing and many associated activities.

Shortly before publishing this list, the booklet shown below was being offered on todocoleccion.net. It displays the use of these monthly union membership contribution stamps for the 12 months of 1938 and, most interestingly, the membership rate appears to have been altered from 1 Pta to 2 Pts in the middle of the year, necessitating the production of the new stamp. The FNIF, along with all but one other trades union, were banned in Franco's Spain and 1938 may therefore have been the last full year when membership of the FNIF was legal.

Spain Espana Ferrocarril sindicato trade union stamp Railway

Railway Workers : Steam Locomotive, 1 Pta. [ . ]

Railway Workers : Steam Locomotive, 2 Pts. [ . ]

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Ferrocarril Vasco Navarro :
Spain Railway Workers Charity stamps sellos Mutualidad Ferocarril Vasco Navarro FFCC Spain Railway Workers Charity stamps sellos Mutualidad Ferocarril Vasco Navarro FFCC Spain Railway Workers Charity stamps sellos Mutualidad Ferocarril Vasco Navarro FFCC

A small format Mutual Fund contribution stamp from the Basque region Ferrocarril Vasco Novarro, a 143 kilometres-long railway on which construction started in the 1880s. It closed in 1967.

c.1930s: Ferrocarril Vasco Navarro : Electric Railcar, 10 cts. Blue FMZA, Perf. [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf [ . ] Proof?

c.1930s: Ferrocarril Vasco Navarro : Electric Railcar, 10 cts. Yellow-Brown FMZA, Perf. [ . ]

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Mutual Society of Customs Officers / Staff :
Spain Railway Workers Charity stamps sellos Mutualidad del personal del aduanas Spain Railway Workers Charity stamps sellos Mutualidad del personal del aduanas

Mutualidad del Personal de Aduanas, 25c [ . ]

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Pro Edificio Social : c.1930s :
Spain Railway Workers Charity stamps sellos Pro Edificio Social vinetas Sindicato Ferroviario de Andaluces y Sur Spain Railway Workers Charity stamps sellos Pro Edificio Social vinetas Sindicato Ferroviario de Andaluces y Sur

Spain Railway Workers Charity stamps sellos Pro Edificio Social vinetas Sindicato Ferroviario de Andaluces y Sur

Spain Railway Workers Charity stamps sellos Pro Edificio Social vinetas Sindicato Ferroviario de Andaluces y Sur Spain Railway Workers Charity stamps sellos Pro Edificio Social vinetas Sindicato Ferroviario de Andaluces y Sur

c. 1930 PRO EDIFICIO SOCIAL : Charity labels issued by Sindicato Ferroviario de Andaluces y Sur, a trade union for workers in these two railway companies. This information again comes from the Spanish Study Circle booklet 'The Railway Theme in Spanish Philately' by Nathan. The stamps show a social centre for railway workers and the face value on the stamps was to raise money for its upkeep.

At present we only have Nathan's black & white images and partial colour images of two of the three stamps to display, none of the images very sharp.

1930 : Pro Edificio Social : 25c Green [ . ]
1930 : Pro Edificio Social : 50c Violet [ . ]
1930 : Pro Edificio Social : 1 Pta Red [ . ]
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Cooperadora Ferroviaria del Norte :
Spain Automobil Club de Catalunya

Co-operative of the Ferrocarril del Norte : Childrens' Colonies charity stamp

10 cts : Cooperadora Ferroviaria del Norte - Colonias Infantiles. [ . ]
There may be other values and/or colours; we know little about this cinderella. .

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Automobil Club de Catalunya :
Spain Automobil Club de Catalunya Spain Automobil Club de Catalunya

Automobil Club de Catalunya: Road Safety Cinderella. The stamp above is part of a set of 12 stamps, se-tenant. They were printed together in sheets, each stamp formed of two views, showing good and bad examples of an aspect of road safety. One design shows a steam train in the background. The safety scenes appear to be around the late 1920s / early 1930s.

Spain Automobil Club de Catalunya road safety cinderella, Steam Train.
Spain Automobil Club de Catalunya road safety cinderella, a tramcar.
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Esperanto Cinderella :
Spain Automobil Club de Catalunya
Spanish Esperanto poster stamp promoting the 1929 Barcelona International Exhibition, showing a steam locomotive.

Spain : Barcelona Exhibition 1929 Esperanto poster stamp (steam loco, liner & flying boat).
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Montepio :
Montepio Voluntary Contribution Stamp Sellos postales Montepio Voluntary Contribution Stamp Sellos postales

Montepio Voluntary Contribution Stamp Sellos postales Montepio Voluntary Contribution Stamp Sellos postales Montepio Voluntary Contribution Stamp Sellos postales Montepio Voluntary Contribution Stamp Sellos postales

Montepio Voluntary Contribution Stamp Sellos postales Montepio Voluntary Contribution Stamp Sellos postales Montepio Voluntary Contribution Stamp Sellos postales

Montepio : These are described as Voluntary Contribution stamps, probably connected with the Spanish Civil War, and both designs show a steam train. The verticla stamps all appear to come from rolls of stamps, rouletted between, whilst the horizontal stamps appear to be from normal sheets, perhaps with outer edges imperfotate? We illustrate above both sides of a document bearing one of each design as well as individual scans for the two designs.

Montepio Vertical Format
0.25 Pts in Black, Rouletted x Imperf [ . ]
1 Pts (sic
**) in Red & Black, Rouletted x Imperf [ . ]
5 Pts in Green & Black, Rouletted x Imperf [ . ]
25 Pts in Bright Lilac & Black, Rouletted x Imperf [ . ]

** Inscribed 'Pts' (plural) rather than 'Pta' (singular).

Montepio Horizontal Format
5 Pts in Green [ . ]
25 Pts in Violet [ . ]
100 Pts in Pale Turquoise [ . ]

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Billetes por Kilometros :
Espana Spain Stamp sellos postales Billetes por Kilometros stamps
A typical booklet, with one 'shy' person's face now obliterated! The list of participating railway companies is at top right.
Espana Spain Stamp sellos postales Billetes por Kilometros Espana Spain Stamp sellos postales Billetes por Kilometros Espana Spain Stamp sellos postales Billetes por Kilometros

The embossed colourless seal over the stamp can just be made out in the scan above, covering most of the stamp.

This is an interesting stamp, apparently used mainly in the early years of the 20th century. It was affixed inside the front of booklets containing train ticket coupons, which permitted travel for a certain distance by one or more named people during a period of typically 6 months or one year. The booklet had a photograph which showed ALL those entitled to use the coupons for travel.

It was valid on all the lines of the participating railway companies. Booklets that we have seen suggest that this was usually around a dozen companies, but it varied from year to year. These booklets can also be found issued outside Spain, such as one we have seen issued in New York, which would have allowed tourists to pre-pay railway journeys in their own currency and benefit from any discounts that these coupon booklets carried.

An online search has found examples of booklets issued for distances of 2000, 5000, 6000 and 12,000 Kilometres, but the same stamp is used for all of them. The stamp would appear to be the principal revenue security measure, an embossed, colourless seal being applied to the stamp once affixed to the page, thus validating the booklet.

Steam Train design inscribed Billetes por Kilometros / Ferrocarriles de Espana in Blue. [ . ]
- ditto - Accent over 'N' of 'ESPANA' omitted [ . ]

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Examples of some non-pictorial Railway Trades' Union contribution stamps:
Espana Spain Stamp sellos Railway Trades Union Sellos Sindicato Ferroviario Espana Espana Spain Stamp sellos Railway Trades Union Sellos Sindicato Ferroviario Espana Espana Spain Stamp sellos Railway Trades Union Sellos Sindicato Ferroviario Espana Espana Spain Stamp sellos Railway Trades Union Sellos Sindicato Ferroviario Espana

Espana Spain Stamp sellos Railway Trades Union Sellos Sindicato Ferroviario Espana Espana Spain Stamp sellos Railway Trades Union Sellos Sindicato Ferroviario Espana Espana Spain Stamp sellos Railway Trades Union Sellos Sindicato Ferroviario Espana Espana Spain Stamp sellos Railway Trades Union Sellos Sindicato Ferroviario Espana Espana Spain Stamp sellos Railway Trades Union Sellos Sindicato Ferroviario Espana

Espana Spain Stamp sellos Railway Trades Union Sellos Sindicato Ferroviario Espana

Note: Images above do not accurately reflect the relative sizes of the different contribution stamps.

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Poster Stamps for Montserrat Monastery :
Special Events, Tourist Locations and Business Publicity are probably the three commonest subjects of poster stamps. In the case of Spain, other than Civil War propaganda, tourism would appear to be the richest source of railway-related poster stamps in the period this article covers. Montserrat Monastery features very frequently amongst railway-related poster stamps of Spain and a number of these are shown below, starting with a 1929 sheet of 25 vignettes of the Montserrat and Nuria Monasteries. The Montserrat Monastery is depicted in rows 1,3 and 5 of the sheetlet, with several stamps on a railway theme. Whilst Nuria does have railway interest, none of the stamps on this sheetlet includes any railway detail. Underneath the sheet/25, we show the seven monochrome individual stamps from that sheet of railway or funicular railway interest.

Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Montserrat Monastery
Only a small scan is shown, simply to show the source of the monochrome stamps shown immediately below.

Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Montserrat Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Montserrat Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Montserrat Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Montserrat Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Montserrat Monastery

Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Montserrat Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Montserrat Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Montserrat Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Montserrat Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Montserrat Monastery

Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Montserrat Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Montserrat Monastery

The Monastery at Montserrat has long been a tourist attraction with both a funicular railway and a steam rack railway bringing tourists to the site of this major attraction, not far from Barcelona and with origins as far back as the 11th Century.

The Segells Catalunya style of coloured stamps above are found with scenes relating to both the Montserrat and Nuria Monasteries, and exist in four colours, Blue, Deep Green, Blue-Green and Brown. The stamps are all the same size, but we have provided larger scans of the horizontal format stamps as the railway detail on them is harder to see.

Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Nuria Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Nuria Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Nuria Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Nuria Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Nuria Monastery

Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Nuria Monastery Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ferrocarril tren Nuria Monastery

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Poster Stamps : Barcelona :
From the same stable as the Montserrat Monastery, but now most probably from a sheet of poster stamps related solely to Barcelona.

Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia tramcars Barcelona Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia tramcars Barcelona Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia tramcars Barcelona Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia tramcars Barcelona
The last stamp above is also found in Brown.

Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia tramcars Barcelona Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia tramcars Barcelona Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia tramcars Barcelona Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia tramcars Barcelona
The brown and blue stamps above are the same size, but only of each is shown large to display the detail.

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Poster Stamps : Galicia Tramcars :
Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia tramcars Galicia Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia tramcars Galicia Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia tramcars Galicia
Detail scan is of the tram on the larger right-hand stamp (bottom left corner).

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Poster Stamps : Madrid Tramcars :
There are numerous series of cinderella stamps of France printed by Hélio-Vaugirard (H-V) of Paris inscribed 'La Belle France' depicting hundreds of locations in that country, usually produced in five separate colours each. H-V then expanded into the former French Colonies and selected foreign countries, including Spain. At least one of the H-V designs of Spain is of interest here, a tramway in Madrid

Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway Hélio-Vaugirard Madrid tramway tramvia Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway Hélio-Vaugirard Madrid tramway tramvia Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway Hélio-Vaugirard Madrid tramway tramvia Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway Hélio-Vaugirard Madrid tramcar tramvia
Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway Hélio-Vaugirard Madrid tram tramvia
Detail of tramcars, doctored image. If the stamp exists in a fifth colour, it would usually be purple or violet.

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Poster Stamp : Pilar Tramcar :
Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia
A black & white reproduction of what appears to be a charity / fundraising stamp, 5c. We do not know the issue colour(s).

5c : Pilar and Tramcar charity stamp [ . ]

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Poster Stamp : Borsig at Barcelona Expo 1929 :
Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia

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Poster Stamps designed with blank space for Advertisers :
Printers sometimes produced designs with a view to selling advertising space on the stamps, whether perhaps for a permanent establishment in a town or an exhibitor at a trade show, for example. We show below images of such productions, including examples of stamps without advertising yet added, all produced in Germany before the First World War.

Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia trade and exhibition exposition Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia trade and exhibition exposition Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia trade and exhibition exposition

Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia trade and exhibition exposition Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia trade and exhibition exposition Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia trade and exhibition exposition

Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia trade and exhibition exposition Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia trade and exhibition exposition Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia trade and exhibition exposition

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Company Poster Stamps - other:
Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia trade and exhibition exposition Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia trade and exhibition exposition Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia trade and exhibition exposition

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Trades Union Vignettes : CNT-AIT (Transport Workers) & STMT :
Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas CNT-AIT railway tramway tramvia Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas STMT railway tramway tramvia

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Olivetti & Steam Locomotive :
Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway Olivetti locomotora locomotive

We only have a poor scan and no information about this stamp. We only know Olivetti in relation to typewriter manufacturing, but it might simply be a poster stamp for a small business in someone's name or perhaps that of an olive / olive oil producer or merchant. The relevance of a locomotive is not immediately obvious.

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Return to Sender Label:
Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway ticket-direccion marca registrada 68212

This is a rather splendid but curious item. We think it highly likely that this is Spanish, rather than Latin American, in origin. It pays for the return carriage on an undeliverable package, but there is no reference to any company or carrier who will honour the 5c value it carries. Our best guess is that the 5c label was an optional extra paid by the sender in the event that their item could not be delivered and the carrier would naturally recognize their own return label in such cases. The fact that it carries no return address would suggest that supplies of this label could be bought in advance by senders and completed at their offices prior to being attached to packages and handed over to a carrier, in which case this label has many of the attributes of a postage stamp, prepaying return carriage in the event of non-delivery. Of possible additional interest to that is the possibility that the carrier was a railway company. Does anyone know please?

5c : Return to Sender Label inscribed Ticket-Direccion [ . ]

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Other Cinderella:
Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia Espana Spain poster stamps vinetas railway tramway tramvia

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That concludes the main body of this article. There is some additional information with scans below. If you find errors, please let us know and, if you can help with better scans where we only have poor ones, we would be pleased to receive them.
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Appendix:

As 'promised' in Section 5, below is a scan of a full sheet of the 50 Soviet Friendship Civil War vignettes (viñetas soviéticas), this example in Brown, followed by a description of the 50 stamps.

Soviet Friendship Spanish Civil War vignettes Espana Guerra Civil viñetas soviéticas.
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Themes / Sujects Description in Spanish on the stamp English translation of Spanish text
Row 1,1 Blast Furnace Un alto horno de la fabrica Dzerjinsky A blast furnace at the Dzerjinsky factory
Row 1,2 Children alighting from Train Llegada de los ninos espanoles a Moscu Arrival of the Spanish children in Moscow
Row 1,3 Dancing / Festival Fiesta Sovietica Soviet Festival
Row 1,4 Children Pioneers Grupo de Pioneros de Kirghizia Group of Pioneers from Kyrgyzstan
Row 1,5 Manufacturing Linoleum Fabricacion de Linoleum Linoleum Manufacture




Row 2,1 Agriculture - Hay Pesaje del Heno en un koljos Weighing Hay on a Collective Farm
Row 2,2 Education - Chemistry Laboratoria quimico de la ciudad univeritaria Chemical laboratory of the university city
Row 2,3 Red Army Infanteria Roja Red Army Infantry
Row 2,4 Food Hygiene La higiene en la industria alimenticia Hygiene in the food industry
Row 2,5 Sport Gimnasia de Conjunto Team Gymnastics




Row 3,1 Military / Naval : Soviet Navy Marinos Sovieticos Soviet Navy sailors
Row 3,2 Sport Muchachas deportistas en la Plaza Roja Sports girls in Red Square
Row 3,3 Children Ninos Soveieticos Soviet Children
Row 3,4 Farming Maquina segadora trilladora en un koljos Combine Harvester on a collective farm
Row 3,5 Literature : Maxim Gorky El Gran Escritor Maximo Gorki The Great Writer Maxim Gorky




Row 4,1 Children's Centre (Black Sea) Ninos Espanoles en Artek Spanish Children in Artek
Row 4,2 Printing Press Imprenta circulante en un koljos Printing Press on a collective farm
Row 4,3 Aviation School Desfile de alumnos de una escuela de aviacion Parade of students at an aviation school
Row 4,4 Military : Tank Un tanque en la Plaza Roja A tank on Red Square
Row 4,5 Arctic Polar Heros & Aircraft Los Heroes del Polo Heroes of the North Pole




Row 5,1 Industry : Celluloid Obrera en una fabrica de celuloide Worker in a celluloid factory
Row 5,2 Sport : Girls Rowing Regatas en la URSS Regattas in the Soviet Union
Row 5,3 Children's Festival Festival Infantil Young Children's Festival
Row 5,4 Sport Parada Deportiva Sports' Parade
Row 5,5 Military : Navy Un marino de la Flota Roja A sailor of the Red Fleet




Row 6,1 Poet : Pushkin El gran poeta Alejandro Puchkin The great poet Alexander Pushkin
Row 6,2 Military ; Navy : Politics Los marinos discuten la nueva constitucion Sailors discussing the New Constitution
Row 6,3 Railway : Steam Locomotives Locomotoras en la Estacion de Kharkov Locomotives in Kharkov Station
Row 6,4 Education : Botany Clase de Botanica en la escuela de un koljos Botany Class in a school on a collective
Row 6,5 Military : airmen? tank crew? Futuros heroes Future Heros




Row 7,1 Arctic North Pole : Aircraft El jefe de la Expedicion al Polo con su hijo The head of the Polar Expedition with his son
Row 7,2 Medical : Funicular Railway Sanatorio del Ejercito Rojo Red Army Sanatorium
Row 7,3 Military : Navy Maniobras de la Flota Roja Manoeuvres of the Red Fleet
Row 7,4 Arctic : North Pole Los Heroes de la Expedicion al Polo The heros of the North Pole Expedition
Row 7,5 Stalin Los Dirigentes del Pueblo Sovietico The leaders of the Soviet People




Row 8,1 Military : Navyy : Warship A bordo de un buque de guerra On board a warship
Row 8,2 Women's / Equal Rights La mujer tiene los mismos derechos que el hombre Women have the same rights as men
Row 8,3 Health Sanatorio en Sotchi A sanatorium in Sochi
Row 8,4 Sport / Health / Gymnastics Unos minutos de gimnasia durante el trabajo A few minutes of gymnastics at work
Row 8,5 Parachuting Torre de parachutismo en Moscu Parachute (training) tower in Moscow




Row 9,1 Farming : Cotton : Tractor El cultivo del algodon en un koljos Growing cotton on a collective farm
Row 9,2 Aviation : Pilots Jovenes aviadoras Young (female) aviators
Row 9,3 Textiles Taller de industria textil Textile industry workshop
Row 9,4 Agriculture : Grain : Sowing Preparacion del grano para la siembra Preparation of the grain for planting
Row 9,5 Agriculture : Wheat Seleccion del trigo Wheat selection




R. 10,1 Model Steam Locomotive Un futuro mechanico A future mechanic (boy with working model)
R. 10,2 Agriculture : Tractor : Harvest La recolecion en un koljos Harvesting on a collective farm
R. 10,3 Children / Youth Juventud feliz Happy youth (girls)
R. 10,4 Social Club de los trabajadores municipales Club of the municipal workers
R. 10,5 Military : Navy : Warship Maniobras en un barco de guerra Manoeuvres on a warship

Themes / Sujects Description in Spanish on the stamp English translation of Spanish text
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As mentioned in Section 4, we are providing scans of a full sheet of one of the Railway Orphans stamps, should anyone wish to study them more closely.

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War

Above: Full sheet (or pane) of 25 stamps.

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War

Above: Left two rows and centre row

Huerfanos de Ferrocarriles sellos postales stamps Spain Railway Orphans Charity Civil War

Above: Right two rows and centre row

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