China Stamps : Postal Surcharges on Transportation Revenues

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

The above design, commonly known as the Transportation Revenues, had a relatively short period of usage but has a huge number of stamps associated with it. The majority of these are for revenue / tax / fiscal purposes and require a lifetime of study, with all the different printers, perforations, sub-types, local and regional overprints applied to them. It is a fascinating area but not the subject of this article, which limits itself to the POSTAL SURCHARGES on these revenue stamps.

The different printings (printers) of these revenue stamps have small distinguishing features and, as some postage stamp surcharges with the same postal face value were applied to more than one printer's revenue stamp of the same face value and colour, it is sometimes necessary to identify the printers of the original revenue stamps in order to identify the postage stamp correctly. In this article we have only given details of the printer of the original revenue stamp where it is necessary to distinguish between two or more otherwise identical stamps used for postage.

The spelling (transliteration) of Chinese names of many towns, cities and provinces into English has been the subject of many quite recent revisions and we apologize now for any inconsistencies that may occur in this article, particularly with the names of provinces and regions.

First introduced in 1946, at a time when the Communist forces under Mao were starting to make more significant inroads into the territory of the Nationalist Chinese Republic, these revenue stamps arrived at a time of great political turmoil. By 1948/49, emergency printings of stamps were being made in some areas on almost anything that could serve as stamp paper. The transportation revenue stamps were used both for regular Nationalist postage stamps and for Communist stamps in what is today termed the 'Liberated Area'. This article will first cover the Chinese Republic national stamps issued under Dr. Sun Yat-sen, followed by the Silver Yuan local issues, before examining the stamps issued under the Communists led by Mao. In general, we have only provided catalogue numbers for stamps not easily identifiable, or outside the scope of, the SG Railways on Stamps catalogue. For the Liberated Area issues, many of which, especially locals, do not appear in the 'Big Four' catalogues (Michel, Scott, SG, Yvert), we have generally used Yang, but have also shown SG numbers where SG lists them, as some of these numbers have changed since their Railways on Stamps catalogue was last published.

Perforations and Varieties : With one exception, we have made no attempt to list perforation varieties on these transportation revenues. These revenue stamps usually range from Perf 12-14 and the picture is extremely complex. There are also instances of large and small surcharges, printings on different papers, numerous shades, and many other specialist features of these stamps which we have not attempted to cover where we feel that these are areas probably more for a China specialist than a railway thematic collector. We have, though, attempted to include the major varieties, such as missing surcharge characters and imperforate between pairs.

Illustrations of Varieties : Some identifying features between the printings can be partially concealed by the postal overprints. Where this commonly occurs, we have often provided a second example of a design difference.

Gum : All these stamps were issued WITHOUT GUM.

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Chinese Republic :
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1949 (Jan) Gold Yuan Surcharges :
Surcharge in Black unless otherwise shown, and given in capital letters where an identifying feature:

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Row 1, #1 : Dah Tung Printing : Thick figures of value '20' on original revenue stamp.
Others : All are Central Trust Ptg, with smaller figures '20'.

50c / $20 Red-brown (Litho, Dah Tung) [ . ] (SG 1122)
50c / $20 Red-brown (Litho, Central Trust) [ . ] (SG 1136)
- ditto - Surcharge Double [ . ]
- ditto - most of bottom frame-line of surcharge missing [ . ] (right stamp in pair)
- ditto - Surcharge Double, one on the Back and Inverted. [ . ]

The Central Trust stamp is also found with a full mirror offset of the original stamp on the back.

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China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Symbol like character for China at bottom left of house : Dah Tung $2 is nearly solid colour. Dah Yeh $2 : Character now much less inked in and vertical line does not pass through centre.
Below solid triangle at bottom-right corner: Dah Tung $2 has a single vertical line. Dah Yeh $2 has a 'Y'-shaped ornament

$1 / $15 Red-orange [ . ] (SG 1137)

$2 / $50 Blue, surcharge in red (Litho, Dah Tung) [ . ] (SG 1123)
$2 / $50 Blue, surcharge in red (Litho, Dah Yeh) [ . ] (SG 1127)

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China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Above: Dah Yeh $3; Chung Ming Type I; Chung Ming Type I Double Surcharge; Chung Ming Type II
The Dah Yeh printing is identified by its Blue surcharge.
The Two Types of the Chung Ming surcharge: Type I : Part of inner frame line omitted. Type II : Frame-Line corrected.

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Above : Varieties on the Chung Ming Type I surcharge : Right stamp of pair, lower frame-line omitted; Surcharge Double, One on the Back (upright); Prussian-Blue Shade.

$3 / $50 Blue, Surcharge in BLUE (Litho, Dah Yeh) [ . ] (SG 1128)
$3 / $50 Dark Blue, Surcharge in BLACK (Litho, Chung Ming, TYPE I) [ . ] (SG 1144)
- ditto - Surcharge Double [ . ] (SG 1144a)
- ditto - Bottom Frame-line of surcharge omitted [ . ]
- ditto - Sucharge Double, one on the Back [ . ]
- ditto - Prussian-Blue shade [ . ]
$3 / $50 Dark Blue, Surcharge in BLACK (Litho, Chung Ming, TYPE II) [ . ] (SG 1144b)

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China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Identifying the $10/$30 : Either : Symbol like character for China at bottom left of house : Dah Yeh $10 : Character not inked in and vertical line does not pass through centre. Central Trust $10 : Line passes through centre of character.
Or : Below solid triangle at bottom-right corner: Dah Yeh $10 has a 'Y'-shaped ornament; Central Trust $10 has no ornament.
Also shown, a $10/$30 with part double surcharge, only at top of stamp.

$5 / $500 Brown [ . ] (SG 1138)
- ditto - Full strong offset of surcharge on back [ . ]

$10 / $30 Violet, surcharge in blue (Litho, Dah Yeh) [ . ] (SG 1129)
- ditto - Surcharge Double [ . ] (SG 1129a) partial scan above
$10 / $30 Violet, surcharge in blue (Litho Central Trust) [ . ] (SG 1139)

$15 / $20 Red-brown, surcharge in blue [ . ] (SG 1140)

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China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Above : $25/$20; Chung Ming $50/$50 Type I; Type I surcharge double; Type I surcharge double, one on back; Type II

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

The Two Types of the Chung Ming surcharge: Type I : Part of inner frame line omitted. Type II : Frame-Line corrected.

$25 / S20 Red-brown, surcharge in green [ . ] (SG 1141)

$50 / $50 Dark Blue, surcharge in red, Chung Ming ptg TYPE I [ . ] (SG 1145)
- ditto - Surcharge Double [ . ] (SG 1145a)
- ditto - Surcharge Double, One on the Back (inverted) [ . ]
$50 / $50 Dark Blue, surcharge in red, Chung Ming TYPE II [ . ] (SG 1145b)

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China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Above: $50/$300 Dah Tung; $50/$300 Dah Yeh; Dah Yeh Surcharge Double; $80/$50

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Detail Difference: Dah Tung Ptg : No box below scroll at top left. . . Dah Yeh : Small box just below scroll on inside frame-line.

$50 / $300 Green, surcharge in red (Recess, Dah Tung) [ . ] (SG 1147)
$50 / $300 Green, surcharge in red (Recess, Dah Yeh) [ . ] (SG 1149)
- ditto - Surcharge Double [ . ] (SG 1149a)

$80 / $50 Blue, surcharge in purple [ . ] (SG 1130)

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Above: $100/$50 Dah Yeh; $100/$50 Chung Ming Type I; ditto but stamp printed both sides (inverted on back); $100/$50 Chung Ming Type II

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Detail Scans: Scans 1 & 2 : Dah Yeh ptg has the 'Y' ornament at bottom right; both Chung Ming printings have just a triangle.
Scans 3 & 4: The Two Types of Chung Ming surcharge: Type I : Part of inner frame line omitted. Type II : Frame-Line corrected.

$100 / $50 Blue-violet (Litho, Dah-Yeh) [ . ] (SG 1131)
$100 / $50 Dark Blue (Litho, Chung Ming) TYPE I [ . ] (SG 1146)
- ditto - Original Revenue stamp printed on both sides - inverted on back [ . ]
$100 / $50 Dark Blue (Litho, Chung Ming) TYPE II [ . ] (SG 1146a)

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Detail Design of $300/$50 RED surcharge :
Dah Tung ptg : Vertical line below solid triangle in bottom right corner. Dah Yeh ptg : 'Y' ornament below triangle.

$200 / $50 Blue [ . ] (SG 1124)

$200 / $500 Brown [ . ] (SG 1142)

$300 / $50 Blue, surcharge in RED (Litho, Dah Tung) [ . ] (SG 1125)
$300 / $50 Blue, surcharge in RED (Litho, Dah Yeh) [ . ] (SG 1133)
$300 / $50 Blue, surcharge in BROWN (Litho, Dah Yeh) [ . ] (SG 1132)

$500 / $15 Red-orange [ . ] (SG 1143)

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China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Detail Difference: Dah Tung Ptg : No box below scroll at top left. . . Dah Yeh : Small box just below scroll on inside frame-line.

$500 / $30 Violet [ . ] (SG 1134)

$1000 / $50 Blue, surcharge in red [ . ] (SG 1135)

$1000 / $100 Olive-green (Recess, Dah Tung) [ . ] (SG 1148)
$1000 / $100 Olive-green (Recess, Dah Yeh) [ . ] (SG 1150)

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

$1500 / $50 Blue, surcharge in blue [ . ] (SG 1126)

$2000 / $300 Green, surcharge in blue [ . ] (SG 1151)

$5000 / $100 Olive-green - UNISSUED [ . ]

Note: The $2000/$300 Green is reported to exist with an error on one surcharge character. Additionally, many Gold Yuan values are known with small or large figures of value as well as offsets, paper fold flaws, imperforate margins and several other varieties.

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1949 (Apr) Gold Yuan Surcharges : The design of these surcharges differs from the previous ones shown above in that the key pattern at top and bottom is reversed.

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Above : Basic Set of 11 values.

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Above: $50/$10 : Normal. Then, $50/$10 Character Inverted (middle character in scan; on the stamps it is the third character from the left in the top row). Also, full stamp shown, the $500/$10 with Surcharge Double.

China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Gold Yuan Transportation Revenue

Above: Scans 1 & 2 : $10000/$20 Normal. $10000/$20 Incorrect character (central character in scan); on the stamp the third character from the left in the top row.
Above: Scans 3 & 4 : The 2nd, 3rd and 4th characters of the top row of a normal $500000/$20 with, alongside, a scan of the incorrect third character (from left) variety which exists on this value.

1949 Gold Yuan (April) with Reversed Key Pattern : (Note : We have added commas to the large nummbers for ease of reading)

$50 / $10 Grey-Green [ . ]
- ditto - 3rd Character inverted [ . ]
$100 / $10 Grey-Green [ . ]
$500 / $10 Grey-Green [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge Double [ . ]
$1000 / $10 Grey-Green [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge Double [ . ]
$5000 / $20 Red-Brown [ . ]
$10,000 / $20 Red-Brown [ . ]
- ditto - Incorrect 3rd Character [ . ]
$50,000 / $20 Red-Brown [ . ]
$100,000 / $20 Red-Brown [ . ]
$500,000 / $20 Red- Brown [ . ]
- ditto - Incorrect 3rd Character [ . ]
$2,000,000 / $20 Red-Brown [ . ]
$5,000,000 / $20 Red-Brown [ . ]

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1949 (May) KWANGTUNG PROVINCE Surcharges :

China Stamps Gold Yuan Kwangtung Province Transportation Revenue

$10 Green (Express Letter Fee surcharge) [ . ]
$30 Violet (Inland Letter Fee) [ . ]
$50 Blue (Registered Letter Fee) [ . ]
$100 Olive-Green (Airmail Fee) [ . ]
$300 Purple (Domestic Letter Fee) [ . ]
$500 Green (Domestic Letter Fee) Overprinted in BLACK [ . ]

China Stamps Gold Yuan Kwangtung Province Unissued Transportation Revenue

$500 Green Overprinted in RED - UNISSUED [ . ] not illustrated
- ditto - Overprint Double - UNISSUED [ . ] illustrated above

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1949 (May) Silver Yuan Surcharges : The need for stamps with a $5,000,000 (Gold Yuans) face value and then the Kwangtung issue of undedominated stamps clearly shows that inflation was running away in China. The currency was re-valued and the Silver Yuan introduced.

China Stamps Silver Yuan Transportation Revenue

Above : Basic set/9 of the First Silver Yuan stamps, with, bottom right, an unissued 10c/$1000 Red.

China Stamps Silver Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Transportation Revenue

Detailed scans of the 10c/$1000 stamps:
Scans 1 & 3 show the issued 10c/$1000 Carmine, Recess printed by the Central Trust. Whilst the differences at bottom right in Scan 3 are quite small compared to Scan 4, the small building at left in Scan 1 is very different to that in Scan 2.
Scans 2 & 4 show the UNISSUED 10c/$1000 Red, again by the Central Trust but this time printed by Lithography.

China Stamps Silver Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Transportation Revenue

Varieties : 4c/$100 Surcharge Double; 10c/S1000 (recess) Surcharge Inverted; 20c/$2000 Surcharge Double; 20c/$2000 pair, one without surcharge.

Silver Yuan Surcharges (May 1949) :

1c / $5000 Olive-Brown [ . ]
4c / $100 Olive-Green [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge Double [ . ]
4c / $3000 Yellow [ . ]
10c / $50 Blue [ . ]
- ditto - Imperf between vertically (horizontal pair) [ . ]
10c / $1000 Carmine (recess printed) [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge Inverted [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge Diagonal [ . ]
Block/4 shown at right below.
- ditto - Imperf between vertically (horizontal pair) [ . ]
- ditto - Bisected (diagonally) on piece or cover [ . ]
Illustration below
20c / $1000 Red [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge Double [ . ]
- ditto - Pair, one without surcharge [ . ]
50c / $30 Violet [ . ]
50c / $50 Blue [ . ]
$1 / $50 Blue [ . ]

Unissued:
10c / $1000 Red (printed by lithography) UNISSUED [ . ]

China Stamps Silver Yuan Bisect on Cover Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Bisect on Cover Transportation Revenue

Above: Example of the 10c/$1000 Carmine bisected on cover; block/4 10c/$1000 surcharge diagonal.

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1949 Silver Yuan Surcharge for HUPEH PROVINCE : .

China Stamps Silver Yuan Hupeh Province Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Hupeh Province Transportation Revenue

1c / $20 Red-Brown (surcharged in Green)[ . ]
5c / $20 Red-Brown (surcharged in Black) [ . ] UNISSUED
10c / $20 Red-Brown (surcharged in Black) [ . ]
30c / $20 Red-Brown (surcharged in Blue) [ . ] UNISSUED

The two Unissued stamps above are listed in Ma's Catalogue of China.

The key pattern at top and bottom on this Hupeh issue (also transliterated 'Hubei' sometimes) is reversed, in the same style as the April 1949 Gold Yuan surcharges.

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This completes the regular issues of the National Government of Sun Yat-sen's Chinese Republic. However, many of the Silver Yuan First Issue received local overprints, commonly two-character handstamps, often applied as anti-bandit 'chops', following thefts of stamps, which coincided with parts of the country sinking into anarchy.

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Silver Yuan Local Overprints. These are complex issues with only a few of them listed in main catalogues, mainly Scott and Michel, but even these are hard to identify with confidence. We have illustrated below all the local overprints we have seen, along with any information that accompanied them, but none of the information offered on these locals should be accepted unquestioningly.
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1949 Local 'chops' on Silver Yuan Surcharges.

China Stamps Silver Yuan Foochow Local Transportation Revenue
China Stamps Silver Yuan Foochow Local Transportation Revenue

Foochow (Fukien?) local handstamps.
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China Stamps Silver Yuan Fukien Local Transportation Revenue
China Stamps Silver Yuan Fukien Local Transportation Revenue

Fukien (Foochow?) local handstamps.

These rather similar handstamps have been described both as Foochow and Fukien. Foochow (Fuzhou) is the capital of Fukien (Fujian) Province. In Michel, they are in the Fukien Province section but the set is headed Foochow. We wonder whether there were two similar handstamps applied, one perhaps mainly applied / used in the capital, the others perhaps used throughout the province. We shall, for the present, list them as a single group, even though the handstamps differ. With the odd exception, the different colours of handstamp seem to coincide with the different styles, suggesting two separate handstamps, which may have been used at different times and maybe at different locations.

Fukien Province, Foochow : Michel Fukien 28-32

Fukien/Foochow : 4c / $3000 handstamp in Black [ . ]
- ditto - handstamp in Violet [ . ]
Fukien/Foochow : 10c / $50 handstamp in Black [ . ]
- ditto - handstamp in Violet [ . ]
Fukien/Foochow : 10c / $1000 handstamp in Black [ . ]
- ditto - handstamp in Violet [ . ]
Fukien/Foochow : 20c / $1000 handstamp in Violet [ . ]
The 20c is not listed in Michel
Fukien/Foochow : 50c / $50 handstamp in Black [ . ]
- ditto - handstamp in Violet [ . ]
Fukien/Foochow : $1 / $50 handstamp in Black [ . ]
- ditto - handstamp in Violet [ . ]
Not listed in Michel
- ditto - handstamp in Red [ . ]
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Michel lists a further group of local handstamps on the Silver Yuan stamps in the Sinkiang section, Michel 48-56. The handstamp is indecipherable in the catalogue but is described as vertical. We think this may well be the set shown below, but we have also seen it identified as being from Szechwan (Sichuan) and also from Tzu Liuchang! Can anyone provide enlightenment please?

China Stamps Silver Yuan Fukien Local Transportation Revenue
China Stamps Silver Yuan Fukien Local Transportation Revenue

Sinkiang? : 1c / $5000 Olive-Brown handstamp in Black [ . ]
Sinkiang? : 4c / $100 Green handstamp in Black [ . ]
- ditto - handstamp in Red [ . ]
Sinkiang? : 4c / $3000 Yellow handstamp in Black [ . ]
Sinkiang? : 10c / $50 handstamp in Black [ . ]
Sinkiang? : 10c / $1000 Carmine handstamp in Black [ . ]
Sinkiang? : 20c / $1000 Red handstamp in Black [ . ]
Sinkiang? : 50c / $30 Violet handstamp in Black [ . ]
Sinkiang? : 50c / $50 Violet-Blue handstamp in Black [ . ]
Sinkiang? : $1 on $50 Blue handstamp in Black [ . ]

Michel has a footnote after this set which mentions further local handstamps, presumably (but not said to be) on the Silver Yuan Transportation Revenue stamps. Michel mentions 4 values from Tai-Chuk, 2 values from Kwang-Xuan, 2 values from Lok Shan and 3 values from Wu-Tung-Kow. Of these, we only have one to show you, said to be from Wu-Tung-Chow, which we assume to be the same place.

China Stamps Silver Yuan Wu Tung Chow Local Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Wu Tung Chow Local handstamp Transportation Revenue

Wu-Tung-Chow : 4c / $3000 Yellow handstamp in Black [ . ]

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For the remainder of stamps for which we have illustrations, we shall show them below along with any identification that was presented with them, all without any verification on our part. We appreciate that many of these handstamps are weak and unclear.

China Stamps Silver Yuan Local Chang Li Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Chi Chang Local handstamp Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Nan Chung Local Transportation Revenue

Chang Li : 10c / $1000 Carmine handstamp in Violet [ . ]
Chi Chang : 10c / $1000 Carmine handstamp in Violet [ . ]
Nan Chung : 10c / $1000 Carmine handstamp in Black [ . ]

China Stamps Silver Yuan Local Pi-Mo-Ching Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Local Shui Chwan Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Local Ta Wen-Chen handstamp Transportation Revenue

Pi-Mo-Ching : 10c / $1000 Carmine handstamp in Black [ . ]
Shui Chwan : 4c / $100 Green (opt and) handstamp in Blue [ . ]
Ta Wen-Chen : 4c / $100 Green (opt and) handstamp in Blue [ . ]

China Stamps Silver Yuan Local Chia-Fong Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Local Unidentified Transportation Revenue China Stamps Silver Yuan Local Unidentified Transportation Revenue

Chia-Fong : 4c / $100 Green handstamp in Red [ . ]
Unidentified : 4c / $3000 Yellow handstamp in Violet [ . ]
Unidentified : 4c / $3000 Yellow handstamp in Red [ . ]

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Transportation Revenues : COMMUNIST Postal Issues: As Communist forces overran various parts of the country, they made extensive use of the Transportation Revenue stamps to meet their own postal needs. These are all Regional or Local issues, as, after the Communist victory, none of the People's Republic of China issues were surcharges on the Transportation Revenues.

Communist forces early issues of the so-called Border Areas and the early regional issues under Communist forces, are nearly all quite primitive issues. In fact, it is only towards the second half of 1949 that the stamps show signs of having been produced using modern printing apparatus and it is at about the same time that the Transportation Revenues start to be used in the Communist area, presumably as increasingly large tracts of former National Government territory were taken over and the revenue stamp stocks fell into Communist hands.

We shall examine these issues region by region, as do most stamp catalogues, in the following order :

South Central & South China:
East China
North China (South Shanxi issue)
North-West China
South-West China

There are several local issues, mostly not in main catalogues; many of them are scarce. We have tried to list these as best we can, but sometimes we have had to resort to showing the original stamp (before handstamping) and the handstamp separately.

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South Central & South China
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China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province surcharge. SG CC128-32; Yang (1991 catalogue) CC151-55

$3 / $30 Violet [ . ]
$15 / $15 Red-Orange [ . ]
$30 / $50 Blue [ . ]
- ditto - Bottom Right surcharge character omitted [ . ]
$60 / $50 Blue [ . ]
- ditto - Bottom Right surcharge character omitted [ . ]
$130 / $15 Red-Orange [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Jiangxi Province
China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Jiangxi Province China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Jiangxi Province

China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Jiangxi Province China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Jiangxi Province China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Jiangxi Province China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Jiangxi Province

Jiangxi Province surcharge. SG CC136-41; Yang LCC46-51. Detail scans 1 & 3 Normal; scans 2 & 4 are the varieties.

$5 / $2000 / $300 Green [ . ]
- ditto - top left character error (as in detail scan 2 above) [ . ]
- ditto - top surcharge character of middle row omitted [ . ]
$10 / $200 / $50 Blue [ . ]
- ditto - two of the surcharge characters omitted [ . ]
$10 / $200 / $500 Brown [ . ]
$30 / $50 / $300 Green [ . ]
- ditto - error in second character from top in middle row of surcharge [ . ]
$50 / $100 / $50 Blue [ . ]
- surcharged on both sides (see scan of pair) [ . ]
$100 / $25 / $20 Red-Brown [ . ]
- ditto - Bottom two characters of surcharge omitted (as in detail scan 4 above) [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Hupeh Province

Local Surcharge of Hupeh (Hubei) Province. Yang LCC 15-18

$50 /$10 / $30 Violet [ . ]
$50 / $50 / $300 Green [ . ]
$50 / $50 / $50 Blue (not seen by us) [ . ]
$50 / $100 / $50 Blue (not seen by us) [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Hubei Province

Local Surcharge of Hupeh (Hubei) Province. Yang LCC 20 or 21 (unclear which, listing error in 1991 Yang)

$50 / $200 / $500 Brown [ . ] Only a poor scan available

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Hubei Province China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Hubei Province

Local Surcharge of Hupeh (Hubei) Province. Yang LCC 22/23

1c / $20 Red-Brown [ . ]
10c / $20 Red-brown [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Kiangsi / Jiangxi Province

Local Surcharge of Kiangsi / Jiangxi Province. Yang LCC 27

$2000 / $300 Green with two-character opt 'Temporary Use' [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Kiangsi / Jiangxi Province

Local Surcharge of Kiangsi / Jiangxi Province. Yang LCC 29/30

$5 / $1000 Carmine [ . ]
$15 / $300 Green [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Kiangsi / Jiangxi Province

Local Surcharge of Kiangsi / Jiangxi Province. Yang LCC 34/35

$30 / $10000 Blue [ . ]
$150 / $10000 Blue [ . ]

The scanned stamp shows the $30 value (middle two characters on left side display the value)

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Kiangsi / Jiangxi Province

Local Surcharge of Kiangsi / Jiangxi Province. Yang LCC 61. Only a monochrome scan available.

$48 / 4c / $100 Green (on stamp with Silver Yuan surcharge) [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue South China Kiangsi / Jiangxi Province

Local Surcharge of Kiangsi / Jiangxi Province. Yang LCC ?

$50 / $300 Green , further surcharged as per scan [ . ]

This stamp is illustrated in our 1991 Yang at the end of the South Central China section. It is listed in the 1988 Mizuhara catalogue of the Liberation Area as #ZN249.
When sold by Interasia Auctions in November 2014, Sale 45, Lot 2512, their description read: "Central China, Hupeh : 1949 Kwang-shui handstamped surcharge $50 on Silver Yuan $50 on Revenue $300 slate green, fine unused. The surcharge is similar to that of Kwang-shui (LCC19). It is illustrated in Yang on page 160, but not listed."
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East China
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China Stamps Transportation Revenue East China Province

East China, SG EC410/11 Issued at Wuhu. Yang EC 484/85.

$5 / $500 Brown [ . ]
$10 / $30 Violet [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue East China Province

East China, SG EC412-15 Issued at Wuhu. Yang EC 486-89.
Scan shows: $5, $10, $10 inverted surcharge, $20 Central Trust ptg.

China Stamps Transportation Revenue East China Province

Two types of $20/$50/$20 (un-surcharged stamps shown, SG 1122 and SG 1136):
Left: Dah Tung Ptg (large figures '20' on original stamp). Right: Central Trust ptg (small figures '20')

$5 / $50 / $20 Red-Brown (surcharge in Black) (no scan)[ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge in Green [ . ]
- ditto - pair, one without surcharge (no scan, surcharge colour?) [ . ]
$10 / $50 / $20 Red-Brown (surcharge in Black) [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge Inverted (shown above) [ . ]
$20 / $50 / $20 Red-Brown (surcharge in Red) Surcharged on Lithographed Dah Tung [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge Inverted (no scan) [ . ]
$20 / $50 / $20 Red-Brown (surcharge in Red) Surcharged on Lithographed Central Trust [ . ]

Both $20/$50/$20 exist with misplaced surcharge.

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue Fengtai

Fengtai Issue, formerly know as Anhwei Province issue. SG EC428-31. Yang ECL 40-43.

$20 Red-Brown (A.R.Fee stamp) [ . ]
$500 Brown (Express Letter Fee) [ . ]
$1000 Carmine (Inland Letter Fee) [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge Inverted [ . ]
$3000 Yellow (Registered Letter Fee) [ . ]

These stamps were formerly listed under Nationalist China by SG and were moved into the East China section. Interasia Auctions' comments on one of these stamps in their Sale 64 of December 2017 carries the following comment: "According to William E. Jones, the 16 March issue of this set of four Provisional Unit stamps coincided with the replacement of the Gold Currency by the Silver Currency. When the Communists occupied Anhwei, they used these stamps for a short time as 'JMP' currency but the stamps are not of Communist origin'."

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue Fengtai China Stamps Transportation Revenue Fengtai

South Anhwei Post, Yang EC500, 500a, 500b, 500e.

$30 / $5 / $500 Brown (Yang EC 500) [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge Inverted (Yang EC 500a) [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge Double (Yang EC 500b) [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge character at top right omitted (EC 500c, no scan) [ . ]
- ditto - Surcharge character at bottom left omitted (EC 500d, no scan) [ . ]
- ditto - Right and Central characters of 3 horizontal charactters transposed (Yang EC 500e) [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue Fengtai

East China Local Posts : Su-Kia-Fow handstamp, Yang ECL 15.

5c / $30000 Vermilion (black handstamp) [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue Shou-Hsien

East China Local Posts : Shou-Hsien handstamp, handstamp shown alongside. Yang ECL 16.

5c / $1000 Red (blue handstamp) [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue Fengtai

East China Local Posts : West Anhwei Area handstamp, Yang ECL 17.

5c / $3000 Yellow (purple handstamp) [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue Fengtai + China Stamps Transportation Revenue Fengtai . . . . . . China Stamps Transportation Revenue Fengtai + China Stamps Transportation Revenue Fengtai

East China Local Posts : Anhwei (Anhui) Tai-Hu Handstamp, Yang ECL 35, Mizuhara HD 144/45. We only have an image of the handstamp, so have shown this plus the stamps to which we believe the handstamp was applied (SG 1127 & SG 1138). Note that the surcharge will presumably vary in one character to reflect the different face values.

5f / 2y / 50y Blue (Mizuhara HD144) [ . ]
5c / $5 / $500 Brown (Yang ECL35, Mizuhara HD145) [ . ]

The Mizuhara catalogue uses a different currency, describing the second stamp above as a 5f/5y/500y. Yang does not list the first stamp above. We have not seen either stamp.

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North China
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China Stamps Transportation Revenue North China China Stamps Transportation Revenue Fengtai

North China : South Shanxi Issue : SG NC383/84. Yang NC 303/04.
On the $15/$200, Yang recognizes two styles of the top right-hand character of the surcharge, whereas Mizuhara records three styles, shown in the second scan above as A, B & C. The scanned $15/$200 stamp is in Type A.

$15 / $200 Purple - surcharge Type 'A' (as in scanned stamp) [ . ]
- ditto - top right character as 'B' [ . ]
- ditto - top right character as 'C' [ . ]
$50 / $50 Blue (red surcharge) Only recorded in Type 'B' [ . ]

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North-West China

China Stamps Transportation Revenue North-West China

North-West China (Sinkiang Overprint) : SG NW79. Yang NW91/a.

$1 / $50 Blue (surcharge in red) Perf 13 [ . ]
- ditto - Perf 12 (Yang NW91a) [ . ]

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South-West China

China Stamps Transportation Revenue North-West China + China Stamps Transportation Revenue North-West China . . . . . . China Stamps Transportation Revenue North-West China + China Stamps Transportation Revenue North-West China

South West China, Yang LSW23/24. We do not have images of these stamps, so have shown the national stamp without the handstamp, with an image of the handstamp that was applied alongside.

10c / $1000 Red (Yang LSW23) [ . ]
$1 / $50 Violet (Yang LSW24) [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue North-West China China Stamps Transportation Revenue North-West China

South-West China Yang LSW48. Not a clear image of the stamp; we have therefore shown the final handstamp alongside, but it is unclear what other overprints or surcharges were already present on the stamp, when the handstamp was applied.

$600 / 10c / $50 Blue (Yang LSW48) [ . ]

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China Stamps Transportation Revenue North-West China + China Stamps Transportation Revenue North-West China

South-West China Yang LSW64. We do not have a scan of this stamp, so have shown the original national stamp and, separately, the handstamp that was applied.

10c / $1000 Carmine (Yang LSW64) [ . ]

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That completes the Communist Issues of which we are aware. All the above stamps were issued in 1949 or possibly very early in 1950 in one or two cases. There was, however, a surprise re-appearance of the design in February 1953 in Taiwan, to which the Nationalist Government had fled following the Communist victory on the mainland.

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Taiwan (Republic of China)

China Stamps Transportation Revenue Taiwan Postage Dues 1953

The above stamps appeared as a set/5 Postage Due stamps in Taiwan.

10c / $50 Blue (red surcharge) [ . ]
20c / $100 Olive-Green (brown surcharge) [ . ]
40c / $20 Red-Brown (black surcharge) [ . ]
80c / $500 Green (blue surcharge) [ . ]
100c / $30 Violet (green surcharge) [ . ]

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